Vol.16, Suppl.2, 2019, pp.75-75, doi:10.32604/mcb.2019.07090
OPEN ACCESS
ABSTRACT
Experimental and Analytical Studies of Tumor Growth
  • Hao Sun1, Timothy Eswothy1, Kerlin P. Robert1, Jiaoyan Li2, L. G. Zhang1, James D. Lee1,*
1 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA.
2 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415, USA.
* Corresponding Author: James D. Lee. Email: jdlee@gwu.edu.
Abstract
Most biological phenomena commonly involve with mechanics. In this work, we proposed an innovative model that tumor is considered as a pyroelastic medium consisting of two parts: solid and fluid. The variation of solid part depends on whether the drug has been effectively delivered to the tumor site. We derived the governing equations of the tumor, in which large deformation is incorporated. Meanwhile, the finite element equations for coupled displacement field and pressure field are formulated. We proposed two sets of porosity and growth tensor. In both cases the continuum theory and FEM are accompanied by accurate numerical simulations. To verify the feasibility of the model, we established a epithelial human breast cancer (BrCa) cell line known as MDA-MB-231, which was cultured into small (<400 µm) tumor spheres in order to observe their growth patterns in both constrained growth environment (microwells) and unconstrained growth environment (Ultra-Low Adherence plates). Moreover, the tumor spheres used in the experiment were grown with and without the FDA approved anti-breast cancer anthracycline, Doxorubicin (Dox), in order to observe the influence it has on tumor-growth mechanics.
Keywords
Tumor growth; porosity; finite element analysis; biological growth tensor; seepage velocity; large strain; hyperelasticity
Cite This Article
Sun, H., Eswothy, T., Robert, K. P., Li, J., Zhang, L. G. et al. (2019). Experimental and Analytical Studies of Tumor Growth. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 16(Suppl.2), 75–75.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.