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The Effect of Continued Training with Crocin on Apoptosis Markers in Liver Tissue of High Fat Diet Induced Diabetic Rats

Zahra Alimanesh1, Zeynab Alimanesh1, Fatemeh Davari2, Saeedeh Shadmehri3, Mozhgan Ahmadi3, Seyed Ali Hosseini4, Sepideh Dolati5,*, Alemeh Hariri Far6

1 Department of Nursing, Medical University of Yasouj, Yasouj, Iran
2 Department of Sport Physiology, Yasouj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yasouj, Iran
3 Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahre-rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Sport Physiology, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran
5 Department of Nutrition, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran
6 Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

* Corresponding Author: Sepideh Dolati. Email: email

Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics 2020, 17(4), 155-163. https://doi.org/10.32604/mcb.2020.011532


Diabetes mellitus (DM) disease can affect process of apoptosis by increasing oxidative stress, nevertheless exercise and crocin can improve apoptosis; therefore present study aimed to investigate the effect of continued training with crocin on apoptosis markers in liver tissue of diabetic rats. In this experimental study 32 diabetic rats based on fasting glucose divided into four groups of eight rats including: 1) sham, 2) training, 3) crocin, and 4) training with crocin also for investigate the effect of DM induction on apoptosis markers, eight healthy rats assigned in healthy control group. During eight weeks groups 2 and 4 ran 60 minutes on treadmill with intensity of 50–55% maximum speed for three sessions per week and groups 3 and 4 received 25 mg/kg/day crocin peritoneally. Shapiro–Wilk, one-way ANOVA with Tukey’s post-hot tests were used for statistical analysis of data (P ≤ 0.05). DM induction significantly increased Bcl-2 as well as decreased Bax and P52 (P ≤ 0.05) nevertheless training and training with crocin significantly decreased Bcl-2 and increased Bax and P53 (P ≤ 0.05); crocin significantly decreased Bcl-2 and increased P53 (P ≤ 0.05) and training with crocin had higher effect on increase of Bax and P53 compare to training (P ≤ 0.05) also increase of Bax compare to crocin. Although training and crocin alone can improve apoptotic markers in diabetic rats, nevertheless training simultaneously with crocin have better effects than training alone.


Cite This Article

Alimanesh, Z., Alimanesh, Z., Davari, F., Shadmehri, S., Ahmadi, M. et al. (2020). The Effect of Continued Training with Crocin on Apoptosis Markers in Liver Tissue of High Fat Diet Induced Diabetic Rats. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 17(4), 155–163. https://doi.org/10.32604/mcb.2020.011532

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