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Mycorrhizal Networks Interacting with Litter Improves Nutrients and Growth for One Plant through the Vary of N/P Ratio under Karst Soil

Liling Kang1, Yuejun He1,*, Lipeng Zang1, Jianpeng Si1, Ying Yang1, Kaiping Shen1, Tingting Xia1, Qiyu Tan1, Bangli Wu1, Yun Guo1, Wei Wang2, Qin Liang3

1 Forestry College, Forest Ecology Research Center, Guizhou University, Guiyang, 550025, China
2 College of Landscape Architecture and Life Science, Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences, Chongqing, 402160, China
3 School of Pharmacy, Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guiyang, 550025, China

* Corresponding Author: Yuejun He. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Mycorrhizal Fungi and Sustainable Development of Agriculture)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2021, 90(3), 701-717.


Arbuscular mycorrhizae (AM) fungi affect nutrient uptake for host plants, while it is unclear how AM fungi interacting with soil litter affect plant growth and nutrient utilization through mycorrhizal networks in karst soil of deficient nutrients beyond the rhizosphere. An experiment was conducted in a microcosm composed of a planting compartment for Cinnamomum camphora seedlings with or without Glomus mosseae fungus (M+ vs. M ) and an adjacent litter compartment containing or not containing additional litter material of Arthraxon hispidus (L+ vs. L ), where the compartments are connected either by nylon mesh of 20 μm or 0.45 μm which either allow available mycorrhizal networks within the litter compartment or prevent mycelium entering into the litter compartment (N+ vs. N ). Plant biomass and nutrients were measured. The results showed that the addition of litter changed the symbiotic process in mycorrhizal colonization, spore, and hyphal density, which when in association with the host plant then affected the biomass, and accumulations of N (nitrogen) and P (phosphorus) in the individual plant as well as root, stem, and leaf respectively. AM fungi increased N and P accumulations and N/P ratio in individual plants and plant tissues. A decrease of the N/P ratio of the individual plant was observed when AM fungus interacted significantly with litter through mycorrhizal networks in the litter compartment. The results indicate that the C. camphora seedlings benefited from litter in nutrient utilization of N and P through the vary of N/P ratio when accessing mycorrhizal networks. These findings suggest that mycorrhizal networks interacting with litter improve growth and nutrients of N and P for plants through the vary of N/P ratio in order to alleviate nutrient limitation under karst soil.


Cite This Article

Kang, L., He, Y., Zang, L., Si, J., Yang, Y. et al. (2021). Mycorrhizal Networks Interacting with Litter Improves Nutrients and Growth for One Plant through the Vary of N/P Ratio under Karst Soil. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 90(3), 701–717.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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