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Physiological and Biochemical Mechanisms of Salinity Tolerance in Carex morrowii Boott

Aysegul Akpinar*

Department of Park and Horticulture, Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Bursa Uludag University, Bursa, 16059, Turkey

* Corresponding Author: Aysegul Akpinar. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Abiotic and Biotic Stress Tolerance in Crop)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2023, 92(7), 2197-2210. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.029006

Abstract

Carex species are widely used in many parts of the world and contain a large number of ecologically diverse species. Among the Carex species, some of them are known to be glycophytes, while others are halophytes. Carex morrowii Boott (Cyperaceae) is resistant to trample through their root structure and has an essential ornamental value in the landscape with their leaves. However, no information was found about the level of salinity tolerance/ sensitivity of the Carex morrowii among these species. In the present study, changes in trace element contents (Na, K, Ca, Cu, Mn, Mg, Ni, Fe, P, Zn, and N) and their transport from roots to leaves, osmotic regulation, alterations in chlorophyll and carotenoid contents, nitrogen assimilation (nitrate reductase activity; NRA) and total soluble protein content in both roots and leaves of Carex morrowii under different salinity concentrations (50 mM, 100 mM, 200 mM and 300 mM NaCl) were examined in detail. Our study provides the first detailed data concerning the responses of leaves and roots and the determination of the level of salinity tolerance/sensitivity of the Carex morrowii. The K+ /Na+ ratio was preserved up to 200 mM NaCl, and accordingly, the element uptake and transport ratios showed that they could control moderate NaCl levels. Ca homeostasis that is maintained even in 200 mM NaCl concentration can be effective in maintaining the structural integrity and selective permeability of the cell membranes, while 300 mM NaCl concentration caused decreased photosynthetic pigments, and deterioration in element content and compartmentation. Moreover, these data suggest that plant parts of Carex morrowii respond differently against varied levels of salinity stress. Although the decrease in NR activity at 200 mM and 300 mM NaCl concentrations in the leaves, NR activity was maintained in the roots. Consequently, Carex morrowii is moderately tolerant to salinity and the carotenoid content and osmotic regulation of Carex morrowii appears to be instrumental in its survival at different salinity levels. Especially the roots of Carex morrowii have a remarkable role in salinity tolerance.

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Akpinar, A. (2023). Physiological and biochemical mechanisms of salinity tolerance in <i>carex morrowii</i> boott. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 92(7), 2197-2210. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.029006
Vancouver Style
Akpinar A. Physiological and biochemical mechanisms of salinity tolerance in <i>carex morrowii</i> boott. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2023;92(7):2197-2210 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.029006
IEEE Style
A. Akpinar, "Physiological and Biochemical Mechanisms of Salinity Tolerance in <i>Carex morrowii</i> Boott," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 92, no. 7, pp. 2197-2210. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.029006



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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