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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Bioinformatic analysis of lncRNA-associated competing endogenous RNA regulatory networks in synovial tissue of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis

    CHUYAO WANG1,2,#, CHUAN LU2,#, LUXIANG ZOU2,*, DONGMEI HE2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.6, pp. 1293-1306, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.028199

    Abstract Background: Temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJOA) is an end-stage disease that seriously affects the patients’ quality of life. Molecular insights in advancing our understanding of TMJOA are the need of the hour. Methods: We performed RNA high-throughput sequencing and bioinformatics analysis of differentially expressed (DE) long non-coding RNA (lncRNAs), microRNAs (miRNAs), and messenger RNA (mRNAs) in human synovial TMJOA tissues. Firstly, synovium samples of TMJOA patients and non-TMJOA controls were collected for highthroughput sequencing of lncRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs. We then performed biological function analysis of the top 100 mRNAs with more than 2-fold differential expression, and their upstream regulated miRNAs… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    LncRNA ZFAS1 regulates cardiomyocyte differentiation of human embryonic stem cells

    YANG CAO1,#, YINING LIU1,#, YANG YU1, XIAOFEI GUO1, XIUXIU WANG1, WENYA MA1, HANJING LI2, ZHONGYU REN2, XINLU GAO2, SIJIA LI2, HAOYU JI2, HONGYANG CHEN2, HONG YAN2, YANAN TIAN2, XIN WANG2, BENZHI CAI1,2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.6, pp. 1407-1416, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.029080

    Abstract Background: Cardiomyocytes derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are regulated by complex and stringent gene networks during differentiation. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) exert critical epigenetic regulatory functions in multiple differentiation processes. However, the involvement of lncRNAs in the differentiation of hESCs into cardiomyocytes has not yet been fully elucidated. Here, we identified the key roles of ZFAS1 (lncRNA zinc finger antisense 1) in the differentiation of cardiomyocytes from hESCs. Methods: A model of cardiomyocyte differentiation from stem cells was established using the monolayer differentiation method, and the number of beating hESCs-derived cardiomyocytes was calculated. Gene expression was analyzed by… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    LncRNA CACNA1G-AS1 up-regulates FTH1 to inhibit ferroptosis and promote malignant phenotypes in ovarian cancer cells

    YANPING JIN1, JIANPING QIU1, XIUFANG LU1, YAN MA1, GUOWEI LI2,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.31, No.2, pp. 169-179, 2023, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.027815

    Abstract Previous study revealed that ferritin heavy chain-1 (FTH1) could regulate ferritinophagy and affect intracellular Fe2+ content in various tumors, while its N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA methylation was closely related the prognosis of ovarian cancer patients. However, little is known about the role of FTH1 m6A methylation in ovarian cancer (OC) and its possible action mechanisms. In this study we constructed FTH1 m6A methylation regulatory pathway (LncRNA CACNA1G-AS1/IGF2BP1) according to related bioinformatics analysis and research, through clinical sample detections we found that these pathway regulatory factors were significantly up-regulated in ovarian cancer tissues, and their expression levels were closely related to the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Sequence-Based Predicting Bacterial Essential ncRNAs Algorithm by Machine Learning

    Yuan-Nong Ye1,2,3,*, Ding-Fa Liang2, Abraham Alemayehu Labena4, Zhu Zeng2,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2731-2741, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.026761

    Abstract Essential ncRNA is a type of ncRNA which is indispensable for the survival of organisms. Although essential ncRNAs cannot encode proteins, they are as important as essential coding genes in biology. They have got wide variety of applications such as antimicrobial target discovery, minimal genome construction and evolution analysis. At present, the number of species required for the determination of essential ncRNAs in the whole genome scale is still very few due to the traditional methods are time-consuming, laborious and costly. In addition, traditional experimental methods are limited by the organisms as less than 1% of bacteria can be cultured… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Roles of miR-214 in bone physiology and disease

    LAKSHANA SADU#, R.HARI KRISHNAN#, R.L. AKSHAYA, I. SARANYA, UDIPT RANJAN DAS, SNEHA SATISHKUMAR, N. SELVAMURUGAN*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.4, pp. 751-760, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.026911

    Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) that regulate the expression of their target mRNAs post-transcriptionally. Since their discovery, thousands of highly conserved miRNAs have been identified and investigated for their role in human health and diseases. MiR-214 has been increasingly reported to have an association with the regulation of bone metabolism. Reports suggested that miR-214 controls the critical aspects of osteoblasts (bone-forming cells), including their differentiation, proliferation, viability, and migration. Studies have also reported the functional significance of miR-214 in bone diseases and suggested its candidature as a diagnostic and therapeutic target. Further, targeting miR-214 by other ncRNAs, such… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Expression and function of long non-coding RNA DLX6-AS1 in endometrial cancer

    WEI SHI1,2,3,#, JIANXIA LIN1,2,3,#, RONG JIN1,2,3, XIANJING XIE1,2,3, YAN LIANG1,2,3,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.4, pp. 869-877, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.026037

    Abstract Background: LncRNA DLX6-AS1 has been uncovered to exert effects on various cancers. Nevertheless, the impacts of DLX6-AS1 on endometrial cancer (EC) development remained obscure. The study explored the influence of DLX6-AS1 on EC progression via the microRNA (miR)-374a-3p/zinc-finger protein (ZFX) axis.Methods: EC cell lines were collected and DLX6-AS1, miR-374a-3p, and ZFX levels in EC cell lines were detected. The EC cells were transfected with DLX6-AS1, miR-374a-3p, and ZFX constructs to examine the biological functions of EC cells. The xenograft model was established for detecting tumor growth. Rescue experiments were conducted to verify the interaction of DLX6-AS1, miR-374a-3p, and ZFX in… More > Graphic Abstract

    Expression and function of long non-coding RNA DLX6-AS1 in endometrial cancer

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification and verification of aging-related lncRNAs for prognosis prediction and immune microenvironment in patients with head and neck squamous carcinoma

    QING GAO1,#, YUJING SHI2,#, YUANYUAN SUN1,#, SHU ZHOU1, ZEYUAN LIU3, XINCHEN SUN1,*, XIAOKE DI1,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.31, No.1, pp. 35-61, 2023, DOI:10.32604/or.2022.028193

    Abstract Aging is highly associated with tumor formation and progression. However, little research has explored the association of aging-related lncRNAs (ARLs) with the prognosis and tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). RNA sequences and clinicopathological data of HNSCC patients and normal subjects were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas. In the training group, we used Pearson correlation, univariate Cox regression, least absolute shrinkage/selection operator regression analyses, and multivariate Cox regression to build a prognostic model. In the test group, we evaluated the model. Multivariate Cox regression was done to screen out independent prognostic factors, with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification of lncRNAs associated with the progression of acute lymphoblastic leukemia using a competing endogenous RNAs network

    SHAHRAM NEKOEIAN1, TAHEREH ROSTAMI2, AMIR NOROUZY3, SAFIN HUSSEIN1,4, GHOLAMREZA TAVOOSIDANA1, BAHRAM CHAHARDOULI2, SHAHRBANO ROSTAMI2,*, YAZDAN ASGARI5, ZAHRA AZIZI1,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.30, No.6, pp. 259-268, 2022, DOI:10.32604/or.2022.027904

    Abstract Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a malignancy of bone marrow lymphoid precursors. Despite effective treatments, the causes of its progression or recurrence are still unknown. Finding prognostic biomarkers is needed for early diagnosis and more effective treatment. This study was performed to identify long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) involved in ALL progression by constructing a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network. These lncRNAs may serve as potential new biomarkers in the development of ALL. The GSE67684 dataset identified changes in lncRNAs and mRNAs involved in ALL progression. Data from this study were re-analyzed, and probes related to lncRNAs were retrieved. Targetscan, miRTarBase,… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    circRNAs in drug resistance of breast cancer

    SEMA MISIR1,*, SERAP OZER YAMAN2, NINA PETROVIĆ3,4, CEREN SUMER5, CEYLAN HEPOKUR1, YUKSEL ALIYAZICIOGLU2

    Oncology Research, Vol.30, No.4, pp. 157-172, 2022, DOI:10.32604/or.2022.027547

    Abstract Breast cancer (BC) is the most common heterogeneous disease in women and one of the leading causes of cancer-related death. Surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormone, and targeted therapy are the gold standards for BC treatment. One of the significant challenges during the treatment of BC represents resistance to chemotherapeutics, resistance that severely limits the use and effectiveness of the drugs used for BC treatment. Therefore, it is essential to develop new strategies to improve therapeutic efficacy. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a large group of non-coding RNAs that covalently form closed circular loops by joining their 5′, and 3′; ends. Accumulating evidence… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    LncRNA PRRT3-AS1 exerts oncogenic effects on nonsmall cell lung cancer by targeting microRNA-507/homeobox B5 axis

    RUI ZHOU#, JIANYANG XU#, LINGWEI WANG*, JIANXIN LI*

    Oncology Research, Vol.29, No.6, pp. 411-423, 2021, DOI:10.32604/or.2022.026236

    Abstract Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) act as key regulators controlling complex cellular behaviors in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the expression of lncRNA PRRT3 antisense RNA 1 (PRRT3-AS1) in paired samples of NSCLC and adjacent normal tissues from a patient cohort in our hospital using real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and found that it was significantly higher in NSCLC tissue than in normal tissue, consistent with The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Furthermore, functional investigation revealed that lncRNA PRRT3-AS1 depletion inhibited NSCLC-cell proliferation, colony formation, invasion, and migration, whereas its overexpression exerted the opposite effects. Moreover, PRRT3-AS1… More >

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