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  • Open Access


    Heat Transfer Characteristics for Solar Energy Aspect on the Flow of Tangent Hyperbolic Hybrid Nanofluid over a Sensor Wedge and Stagnation Point Surface

    Asmaa Habib Alanzi, N. Ameer Ahammad*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 179-197, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.042009

    Abstract The conversion of solar radiation to thermal energy has recently attracted a lot of interest as the requirement for renewable heat and power grows. Due to their enhanced ability to promote heat transmission, nanofluids can significantly contribute to enhancing the efficiency of solar-thermal systems. This article focus solar energy aspect on the effects of the thermal radiation in the flow of a hyperbolic tangent nanofluid containing magnesium oxide (MgO) and silver (Ag) are the nanoparticle with the base fluid as kerosene through a wedge and stagnation. The system of hybrid nanofluid transport equations are transformed into ordinary differential systems using… More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Nanomaterials Addition to Phase Change Materials on Heat Transfer in Solar Panels under Iraqi Atmospheric Conditions

    Majid Ahmed Mohammed1, Abdullah Talab Derea2, Mohammed Yaseen Lafta3, Obed Majeed Ali1, Omar Rafae Alomar4,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 215-226, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.041668

    Abstract It is common knowledge that phase-change materials are used for the purpose of thermal storage because of the characteristics that are exclusive to these materials and not found in others. These characteristics include a large capacity for absorbing heat and a large capacity for releasing heat when the phase changes; however, these materials have a low thermal conductivity. This paper presents the results of an experimental study that investigated the impact that nanoparticles of copper oxide had on reducing the temperature of solar panels. The phase change substance that was used was determined to be beeswax. The impact of adding… More >

  • Open Access


    Targeted anti-tumor synergistic effects of Myc decoy oligodeoxynucleotides-loaded selenium nanostructure combined with chemoradiotherapy on LNCaP prostate cancer cells


    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.1, pp. 101-125, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.044741

    Abstract In the present study, we investigated the synergistic effects of targeted methotrexate-selenium nanostructure containing Myc decoy oligodeoxynucleotides along with X-irradiation exposure as a combination therapy on LNCaP prostate cancer cells. Myc decoy ODNs were designed based on the promoter of Bcl-2 gene and analyzed by molecular docking and molecular dynamics assays. ODNs were loaded on the synthesized Se@BSA@Chi-MTX nanostructure. The physicochemical characteristics of nanostructures were determined by FTIR, DLS, UV-vis, TEM, EDX, in vitro release, and hemolysis tests. Subsequently, the cytotoxicity properties of them with and without X-irradiation were investigated by uptake, MTT, cell cycle, apoptosis, and scratch assays on… More > Graphic Abstract

    Targeted anti-tumor synergistic effects of Myc decoy oligodeoxynucleotides-loaded selenium nanostructure combined with chemoradiotherapy on LNCaP prostate cancer cells

  • Open Access



    Wubshet Ibrahim

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.7, pp. 1-10, 2016, DOI:10.5098/hmt.7.4

    Abstract The study scrutinizes the effect of convective heating on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) stagnation point flow and heat transfer of upper-convected Maxell fluid p ast a s tretching s heet i n t he p resence o f n anoparticles. T he m odel u sed i n t he s tudy i ncludes t he e ffect o f B rownian m otion and thermophoresis parameters. The non-linear governing equations and their boundary conditions are initially cast into dimensionless forms by similarity transformation. The resulting system of equations is then solved numerically using fourth order Runge-Kutta method along with shooting technique.… More >

  • Open Access


    Insecticidal Activity and Physicochemical Characterization of Nanoparticles from Foliar Extract of Capsicum chinense

    Arnoldo E. Alfaro-Corres1, Daniel González-Mendoza2, Esaú Ruiz-Sánchez1,*, Carlos Ail-Catzin2, Benjamín Valdez-Salas3, Federico Gutiérrez-Miceli4, Arturo Reyes-Ramírez1, Jacques Fils Pierre1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.11, pp. 3933-3943, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.031129

    Abstract This work was carried out to evaluate the insecticidal effect of mono, bi and trimetallic nanoparticles (NPs) from leaf extract of habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) on the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum herbst.) and cotton mealybug (Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley). The results showed that Cu NPs, Cu/Mn NPs and Zn/Cu NPs had high insecticidal effect against T. castaneum (63%–80% mortality after 96 h). The Cu NPs and Zn/Cu NPs showed also insecticidal effect against P. solenopsis, but to a lesser extent (20%–28% after 96 h). With regards to the physicochemical characterization, Cu NPs had a zeta potential of 21.1 mV,… More > Graphic Abstract

    Insecticidal Activity and Physicochemical Characterization of Nanoparticles from Foliar Extract of <i>Capsicum chinense</i>

  • Open Access


    Study on Chaotic Characteristics of the Friction Process between High Hardness Alloy Steel and Cemented Carbide under C60 Nanoparticle Fluid Lubrication

    Jingshan Huang, Bin Yao*, Qixin Lan, Zhirong Pan

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.1, pp. 525-550, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029675

    Abstract Friction and wear phenomenon is a complex nonlinear system, and it is also a significant problem in the process of metal cutting. In order to systematically analyze the friction and wear process of tool material-workpiece material friction pair in the cutting process of high hardness alloy steel under different lubrication conditions, the chaotic characteristics of friction process between high hardness alloy steel and cemented carbide under the lubrication C60 nano-particles fluid are studied based on the chaos theory. Firstly, the friction and wear experiments of the friction pair between high hardness alloy steel and cemented carbide tool are carried out… More >

  • Open Access


    Assessment of Nanoparticle-Enriched Solvents for Oil Recovery Enhancement

    Muayad M. Hasan1,*, Firas K. Al-Zuhairi2, Anfal H. Sadeq1, Rana A. Azeez1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.11, pp. 2827-2835, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.027746

    Abstract Solvents are generally used to reduce the viscosity of heavy crude oil and ultimately enhance oil recovery. Recently, a new method has been introduced where nanoparticles (NPs) are exploited to induce enhanced oil recovery owing to their ability to improve the mobility ratio, dampen the interfacial tension, and alter rock wettability. This study investigated the integration of nano-alumina (Al2O3) NPs with an n-hexane solvent. In particular, a Brookfield viscometer has been used to measure the crude oil viscosity and it has been found that NPs can effectively lead to a significant decrease in the overall oil viscosity (70 cp using… More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Al2O3 Nanoparticles on the Compression Ignition Performances and Emitted Pollutants of a Diesel Engine

    Noora S. Ekab1, Ahmed Q. Salam2, Ali O. Abd3, Miqdam T. Chaichan4,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.11, pp. 2847-2861, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.028874

    Abstract To improve the performances of diesel engines and to reduce the pollutants they emit, aluminum oxide nanoparticles in varying quantities (50, 100, 150 ppm) have been added to conventional diesel fuel. The results of such experimental tests have revealed that the addition of nano-Al2O3 particles to the diesel fuel reduces its consumption by 0.488%, 1.02%, and 1.377%, respectively and increases the brake thermal efficiency by 1.4%, 2.6%, and 3.8%, respectively. The concentrations of undesired gases decrease accordingly by 1.5%, 1.7%, and 2.8% for HC and by 5.88%, 11.7%, and 17.6%, respectively, for CO. For the same percentages of nanoparticles, NOx… More >

  • Open Access


    The Effect of Heating Rate on Sintering Mechanism of Alumina Nanoparticles

    Dangqiang Wang1, Hai Mei1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.1, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09455

    Abstract The densification process of sintered alumina is mainly controlled by surface, lattice, and interface diffusion, and many experimental researches show that heating rate can affect the transfer of matter. Thus, to further reveal the effect of heating rate on sintering mechanism of alumina nanoparticle, molecular dynamic simulations were performed at five different heating rates to examine the migration of atoms and evolution of microstructure in heating stage. Results show that the sintering process of heating is a typical thermal activation process. High displacement response temperature is caused by high heating rate, which results in the mechanism of atomic migration quickly… More >

  • Open Access


    Development of micro/nanostructured‒based biomaterials with biomedical applications


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.8, pp. 1743-1755, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027154

    Abstract Natural biomaterials are now frequently used to build biocarrier systems, which can carry medications and biomolecules to a target region and achieve a desired therapeutic effect. Biomaterials and polymers are of great importance in the synthesis of nanomaterials. The recent studies have tended to use these materials because they are easily obtained from natural sources such as fungi, algae, bacteria, and medicinal plants. They are also biodegradable, compatible with neighborhoods, and non-toxic. Natural biomaterials and polymers are chemically changed when they are linked by cross linking agents with other polymers to create scaffolds, matrices, composites, and interpenetrating polymer networks employing… More >

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