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  • Open Access



    Jason Velardoa, Randeep Singha,*, Mohammad Shahed Ahameda, Masataka Mochizukib, Abhijit Datec, Aliakbar Akbarzadehc

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 1-11, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.17.1

    Abstract Thermal solutions play an integral role in managing heat loads for electronic devices. As these electronics become more compact and portable, improved thermal management solutions need to be introduced. Thin flattened heat pipes (0.8mm – 2.0mm thick) and piezoelectric fans (1mm thick) have been proposed here for this purpose. The maximum heat carrying capacity of the flattened heat pipe was experimentally determined and found to be a function of the flattened heat pipe thickness. Reductions from 48W at 2.0mm to 7W at 0.8mm were observed. This was expected to be due to capillary limitations. The piezoelectric fan could be operated… More >

  • Open Access


    Effects of Conductive Carbon Black on Thermal and Electrical Properties of Barium Titanate/Polyvinylidene Fluoride Composites for Road Application

    Zhenguo Wang, Lenan Wang, Yejing Meng*, Yong Wen, Jianzhong Pei

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.5, pp. 2469-2489, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.025497

    Abstract In the field of roads, due to the effect of vehicle loads, piezoelectric materials under the road surface can convert mechanical vibration into electrical energy, which can be further used in road facilities such as traffic signals and street lamps. The barium titanate/polyvinylidene fluoride (BaTiO3/PVDF) composite, the most common hybrid ceramic-polymer system, was widely used in various fields because the composite combines the good dielectric property of ceramic materials with the good flexibility of PVDF material. Previous studies have found that conductive particles can further improve the dielectric and piezoelectric properties of other composites. However, few studies have investigated the… More >

  • Open Access


    Importance of Three-Dimensional Piezoelectric Coupling Modeling in Quantitative Analysis of Piezoelectric Actuators

    Daisuke Ishihara1,*, Prakasha Chigahalli Ramegowda2, Shoichi Aikawa1, Naoki Iwamaru1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.2, pp. 1187-1206, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.024614

    Abstract This paper demonstrates the importance of three-dimensional (3-D) piezoelectric coupling in the electromechanical behavior of piezoelectric devices using three-dimensional finite element analyses based on weak and strong coupling models for a thin cantilevered piezoelectric bimorph actuator. It is found that there is a significant difference between the strong and weak coupling solutions given by coupling direct and inverse piezoelectric effects (i.e., piezoelectric coupling effect). In addition, there is significant longitudinal bending caused by the constraint of the inverse piezoelectric effect in the width direction at the fixed end (i.e., 3-D effect). Hence, modeling of these effects or 3-D piezoelectric coupling… More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental Investigation of Performance Characteristics of PZT-5A with Application to Fault Diagnosis

    Saqlain Abbas1,2, Zulkarnain Abbas3,4,*, Yanping Zhu2, Waqas Tariq Toor5, Xiaotong Tu6

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.16, No.4, pp. 307-321, 2022, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2022.015266

    Abstract In the previous couple of decades, techniques to reap energy and empower low voltage electronic devices have received outstanding attention. Most of the methods based on the piezoelectric effect to harvest the energy from ambient vibrations have been revolutionized. There’s an absence of experiment-based investigation which incorporates the microstructure analysis and crystal morphology of those energy harvest home materials. Moreover, the impact of variable mechanical and thermal load conditions has seldom been studied within the previous literature to utilize the effectiveness of those materials in several practical applications like structural health monitoring (SHM), etc. In the proposed research work, scanning… More >

  • Open Access


    Vibration of a Two-Layer “Metal+PZT” Plate Contacting with Viscous Fluid

    Zeynep Ekicioglu Kuzeci1,*, Surkay D. Akbarov2,3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 4337-4362, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033446

    Abstract The present work investigates the mechanically forced vibration of the hydro-elasto-piezoelectric system consisting of a two-layer plate “elastic+PZT”, a compressible viscous fluid, and a rigid wall. It is assumed that the PZT (piezoelectric) layer of the plate is in contact with the fluid and time-harmonic linear forces act on the free surface of the elastic-metallic layer. This study is valuable because it considers for the first time the mechanical vibration of the metal+piezoelectric bilayer plate in contact with a fluid. It is also the first time that the influence of the volumetric concentration of the constituents on the vibration of… More >

  • Open Access


    Damage Detection in CFST Column by Simulation of Ultrasonic Waves Using STFT-Based Spectrogram and Welch Power Spectral Density Estimate

    Nadom K. Mutlib1,*, Muna N. Ismael1, Shahrizan Baharom2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.15, No.3, pp. 227-246, 2021, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2021.010725

    Abstract Structural health monitoring employs different tools and techniques to provide a prediction for damages that occur in various structures. Damages such as debond and cracks in concrete-filled steel tube column (CFST) are serious defects that threaten the integrity of the structural members. Ultrasonic waves monitoring applied to the CFST column is necessary to detect damages and quantify their size. However, without appropriate signal processing tools, the results of the monitoring process could not be crucial. In this research, a monitoring process based on a Multiphysics numerical simulation study was carried out. Two signal processing tools: short time Fourier transform (STFT)… More >

  • Open Access


    Improving Functionality of 2DOF Piezoelectric Cantilever for Broadband Vibration Energy Harvesting Using Magnets

    Junxiang Jiang1,2, Shaogang Liu1,*, Lifeng Feng3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.5, pp. 1287-1303, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.015354

    Abstract This paper presents a 2DOF nonlinear piezoelectric energy harvester for improving the efficiency of energy harvesting in low frequency range. The device consisted of an L-shaped piezoelectric cantilever with a magnet at the tip of the first beam and two external magnets on the pedestal. The distance between the magnets which generated nonlinear magnetic attraction was adjusted such that the system can exhibit monostable or bistable characteristics. First, the model of this piezoelectric energy harvester was established and the dynamic equation was derived based on the magnetic attractive force. Then, the nonlinear dynamic responses of the system subject to harmonic… More >

  • Open Access


    A New BEM Modeling Algorithm for Size-Dependent Thermopiezoelectric Problems in Smart Nanostructures

    Mohamed Abdelsabour Fahmy1,2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.1, pp. 931-944, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.018191

    Abstract The main objective of this paper is to introduce a new theory called size-dependent thermopiezoelectricity for smart nanostructures. The proposed theory includes the combination of thermoelastic and piezoelectric influences which enable us to describe the deformation and mechanical behaviors of smart nanostructures subjected to thermal, and piezoelectric loadings. Because of difficulty of experimental research problems associated with the proposed theory. Therefore, we propose a new boundary element method (BEM) formulation and algorithm for the solution of such problems, which involve temperatures, normal heat fluxes, displacements, couple-tractions, rotations, force-tractions, electric displacement, and normal electric displacement as primary variables within the BEM… More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental Study of Effect of Temperature Variations on the Impedance Signature of PZT Sensors for Fatigue Crack Detection

    Saqlain Abbas1,2,*, Fucai Li1, Zulkarnain Abbas3,4, Taufeeq Ur Rehman Abbasi5, Xiaotong Tu6, Riffat Asim Pasha7

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.55, No.1, pp. 1-18, 2021, DOI:10.32604/sv.2021.013754

    Abstract Structural health monitoring (SHM) is recognized as an efficient tool to interpret the reliability of a wide variety of infrastructures. To identify the structural abnormality by utilizing the electromechanical coupling property of piezoelectric transducers, the electromechanical impedance (EMI) approach is preferred. However, in real-time SHM applications, the monitored structure is exposed to several varying environmental and operating conditions (EOCs). The previous study has recognized the temperature variations as one of the serious EOCs that affect the optimal performance of the damage inspection process. In this framework, an experimental setup is developed in current research to identify the presence of fatigue… More >

  • Open Access


    Active Control of a Piezoelectric Actuated Four-Bar Mechanism Deployed in Robotics Applications

    Qais A. Khasawneh1,3, Mohammad Abdel Kareem Jaradat1,2, Mohammad Al-Shabi4, Hala Khalaf1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.24, No.2, pp. 443-457, 2018, DOI:10.31209/2018.100000008

    Abstract This work presents a new micro-positioning system that is implemented in an inchworm robot to move into desired locations. The system consists of four-bar mechanism; one link is fixed, and each one of the remaining links carries a piezoelectric actuator (PZT). PZTs are specifically chosen since they provide fast response and small displacements; up to ±30 µm for ±100 Volts. The system’s mathematical model is derived and is numerically simulated by MATLAB. Three fuzzy PI controllers, which are tuned automatically by genetic algorithm, are designed to control the system. Results indicate an error of less than 1% although disturbances present. More >

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