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  • Open Access


    Redundant Transmission Control Algorithm for Information-Centric Vehicular IoT Networks

    Abdur Rashid Sangi1,*, Satish Anamalamudi2, Mohammed S. Alkatheiri3, Murali Krishna Enduri2, Anil Carie2, Mohammed A. Alqarni4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 2217-2234, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038305

    Abstract Vehicular Adhoc Networks (VANETs) enable vehicles to act as mobile nodes that can fetch, share, and disseminate information about vehicle safety, emergency events, warning messages, and passenger infotainment. However, the continuous dissemination of information from vehicles and their one-hop neighbor nodes, Road Side Units (RSUs), and VANET infrastructures can lead to performance degradation of VANETs in the existing host-centric IP-based network. Therefore, Information Centric Networks (ICN) are being explored as an alternative architecture for vehicular communication to achieve robust content distribution in highly mobile, dynamic, and error-prone domains. In ICN-based Vehicular-IoT networks, consumer mobility is implicitly supported, but producer mobility… More >

  • Open Access


    Aeroelastic Analysis of Hypersonic Aircraft Wing

    Dan Xie1,*, Shihao Zhang1, Zijun Yi1

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.26, No.1, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.010490

    Abstract Considering the high cost of numerical simulation for aeroelastic coupling analysis, it is difficult to directly apply it to engineering. In this paper, the typical swept trapezoidal wing of hypersonic aircraft [1] is simplified to a cantilever trapezoidal plate [2]. Based on semi-analytical method [3], including von Karman plate theory to consider the structural geometric nonlinearity, third-order piston theory to calculate quasi steady aerodynamic force, and Rayleigh-Ritz method to characterize the displacement as a mode superposition form, the aeroelastic equation of the swept trapezoidal wing is established, and the fourthorder Runge Kutta numerical integration is used to solve the aeroelastic… More >

  • Open Access


    Characterization of Mechanical Properties of CNFs and the Assembled Microfibers Through a Multi-scale Optimization-Based Inversion Method

    Shuaijun Wang1, Wenqiong Tu1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.2, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09926

    Abstract Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) and the continuously assembled microfibers have shown transversely isotropic behavior in many studies. Due to fact that the size of CNFs and the assembled microfibers is at the nano and micro scale, respectively, the characterization of their mechanical properties is extremely challenge. That greatly hinders the accurate multi-scale modeling and design of CNFs-based materials. In our study, we have characterized the elastic constants of both CNFs microfibers and CNFs through a Multi-scale Optimization Inversion technology. Through the tensile test of CNFs microfibers reinforced resin with different volume fractions and the micromechanics model of microfibers reinforced resin, the… More >

  • Open Access


    Flexible Biofoams Based on Furanics and Fatty Acids Esterified Tannin

    Elham Azadeh1, Ummi Hani Abdullah2,3, Christine Gerardin1,*, Antonio Pizzi1,*, Philippe Gerardin1, Cesar Segovia4

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.10, pp. 3625-3645, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.030373

    Abstract Water repellant, flexible biofoams using tannin esterified with various fatty acid chains, namely lauric, palmitic and oleic acids, by reaction with lauryl chloride, palmitoyl chloride, and oleyl chloride were developed and their characteristics compared with the equivalently esterified rigid biofoams. Glycerol, while initially added to control the reaction temperature, was used as a plasticizer yielding flexible biofoams presenting the same water repellant character that the equivalent rigid foams. Acetaldehyde was used as the cross-linking agent instead of formaldehyde, as it showed a better performance with the esterified tannin. The compression results showed a significant decrease of the Modulus of Elasticity… More >

  • Open Access


    Fairness-Aware Harvested Energy Efficiency Algorithm for IRS-Aided Intelligent Sensor Networks with SWIPT

    Yingying Chen1, Weiqiang Tan2, Shidang Li3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.3, pp. 2675-2691, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028533

    Abstract In this paper, a novel fairness-aware harvested energy efficiency-based green transmission scheme for wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) aided sensor networks is developed for active beamforming of multiantenna transmitter and passive beamforming at intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRS). By optimizing the active beamformer assignment at the transmitter in conjunction with the passive beamformer assignment at the IRS, we aim to maximize the minimum harvested energy efficiency among all the energy receivers (ER) where information receivers (IR) are bound to the signal-interference-noise-ratio (SINR) and the maximum transmitted power of the transmitter. To handle the non-convex problem, both semi-definite relaxation (SDR) and… More >

  • Open Access


    An Improved High Precision 3D Semantic Mapping of Indoor Scenes from RGB-D Images

    Jing Xin1,*, Kenan Du1, Jiale Feng1, Mao Shan2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.3, pp. 2621-2640, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.027467

    Abstract This paper proposes an improved high-precision 3D semantic mapping method for indoor scenes using RGB-D images. The current semantic mapping algorithms suffer from low semantic annotation accuracy and insufficient real-time performance. To address these issues, we first adopt the Elastic Fusion algorithm to select key frames from indoor environment image sequences captured by the Kinect sensor and construct the indoor environment space model. Then, an indoor RGB-D image semantic segmentation network is proposed, which uses multi-scale feature fusion to quickly and accurately obtain object labeling information at the pixel level of the spatial point cloud model. Finally, Bayesian updating is… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Hybrid Optimization Algorithm for Materialized View Selection from Data Warehouse Environments

    Popuri Srinivasarao, Aravapalli Rama Satish*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1527-1547, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.038951

    Abstract Responding to complex analytical queries in the data warehouse (DW) is one of the most challenging tasks that require prompt attention. The problem of materialized view (MV) selection relies on selecting the most optimal views that can respond to more queries simultaneously. This work introduces a combined approach in which the constraint handling process is combined with metaheuristics to select the most optimal subset of DW views from DWs. The proposed work initially refines the solution to enable a feasible selection of views using the ensemble constraint handling technique (ECHT). The constraints such as self-adaptive penalty, epsilon (ε)-parameter and stochastic… More >

  • Open Access


    Modified Metaheuristics with Weighted Majority Voting Ensemble Deep Learning Model for Intrusion Detection System

    Mahmoud Ragab1,2,*, Sultanah M. Alshammari2,3, Abdullah S. Al-Malaise Al-Ghamdi2,4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2497-2512, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.041446

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) system has confronted dramatic growth in high dimensionality and data traffic. The system named intrusion detection systems (IDS) is broadly utilized for the enhancement of security posture in an IT infrastructure. An IDS is a practical and suitable method for assuring network security and identifying attacks by protecting it from intrusive hackers. Nowadays, machine learning (ML)-related techniques were used for detecting intrusion in IoTs IDSs. But, the IoT IDS mechanism faces significant challenges because of physical and functional diversity. Such IoT features use every attribute and feature for IDS self-protection unrealistic and difficult. This study… More >

  • Open Access


    Fine-Grained Soft Ear Biometrics for Augmenting Human Recognition

    Ghoroub Talal Bostaji*, Emad Sami Jaha

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1571-1591, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039701

    Abstract Human recognition technology based on biometrics has become a fundamental requirement in all aspects of life due to increased concerns about security and privacy issues. Therefore, biometric systems have emerged as a technology with the capability to identify or authenticate individuals based on their physiological and behavioral characteristics. Among different viable biometric modalities, the human ear structure can offer unique and valuable discriminative characteristics for human recognition systems. In recent years, most existing traditional ear recognition systems have been designed based on computer vision models and have achieved successful results. Nevertheless, such traditional models can be sensitive to several unconstrained… More >

  • Open Access


    RO-SLAM: A Robust SLAM for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in a Dynamic Environment

    Jingtong Peng*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2275-2291, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039272

    Abstract When applied to Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), existing Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) algorithms are constrained by several factors, notably the interference of dynamic outdoor objects, the limited computing performance of UAVs, and the holes caused by dynamic objects removal in the map. We proposed a new SLAM system for UAVs in dynamic environments to solve these problems based on ORB-SLAM2. We have improved the Pyramid Scene Parsing Network (PSPNet) using Depthwise Separable Convolution to reduce the model parameters. We also incorporated an auxiliary loss function to supervise the hidden layer to enhance accuracy. Then we used the improved PSPNet… More >

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