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  • Open Access


    Transcriptome and Metabolome Revealed the Mechanism of NtBRL3 Overexpression Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. K326) in Response to Drought Stress

    Jing Yang, Tianxiunan Pu, Ke Wan, Linqi Wang, Yuanshuai Shi, Xu Luo, Jie Tan, Dongmei Wang, Yang Liu*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.9, pp. 2555-2576, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030301

    Abstract Drought has severely affected the yield and quality of commercial crops. The BRI1 family plays an important role in plant response to drought stress, and BRL3 gene plays an important role in the study of drought in Arabidopsis thaliana. In this study, NtBRL3 was constructed as a vector and genetically transformed to obtain ‘N. Tobacco K326’ overexpression of NtBRL3. The enzyme activities of transgenic tobacco and wild-type tobacco were measured and transcriptome and metabolome analyses were performed. The results showed that the antioxidant enzymes of transgenic tobacco were more active under drought conditions, and 85 significantly differentially metabolites and 106… More >

  • Open Access


    Identification of Resistance to Pathogenesis Related Protein GmPR1L in Tobacco Botrytis cinerea Infection

    Yeyao Du1,#, Ye Zhang2,#, Yang Song1, Zhuo Zhang1, Sujie Fan1, Hanzhu Zhang1, Piwu Wang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.6, pp. 1907-1920, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027607

    Abstract Soybean (Glycine max (Linn.) Merr.) annual leguminous crop is cultivated all over the world. The occurrence of diseases has a great impact on the yield and quality of soybean. In this study, based on the RNA-seq of soybean variety M18, a complete CDS (Coding sequence) GmPR1L of the pathogenesis-related protein 1 family was obtained, which has the ability to resist fungal diseases. The overexpression vector and interference expression vector were transferred into tobacco NC89, and the resistance of transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) to Botrytis cinerea infection was identified. The results show that: Compared with the control, the activities of… More >

  • Open Access


    Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Analysis of the Phytocyanin Gene Family in Nicotiana tabacum

    Peiling Wang1,#, Xiaohong Xu2,#, Yong Li2, Hecui Zhang1, Xuejie Zhang3, Siru Zhou1, Yimei Liu1, Yunyan Feng1, Tonghong Zuo1, Liquan Zhu1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1469-1492, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027133

    Abstract Phytocyanin (PC) is a class of plant-specific blue copper proteins involved in electron transport, plant growth, development, and stress resistance. However, PC proteins have not been systematically evaluated in tobacco plants. We determined the whole-genome sequences of the PC family in the tobacco cultivar ‘K326.’ The transcriptome data were used to analyze the expression of the NtPC family at different development stages and tissue-specific genes. Real-time fluorescence quantitative analysis was used to analyze the expression of the NtPC gene family under low temperature and methyl jasmonate stress. The tobacco NtPC family contained 110 members and was divided into four subfamilies:… More >

  • Open Access


    Aluminum Toxicity: A Case Study on Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.)

    Munir Ozturk1,*, Mert Metin2, Volkan Altay3, Tomonori Kawano2, Alvina Gul4, Bengu Turkyilmaz Unal5,*, Dilek Unal6, Rouf Ahmad Bhat7, Moonisa Aslam Dervash8, Kristina Toderich9, Esra Koc10, Pedro Garcia Caparros11, Andleeb Shahzadi12

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.1, pp. 165-192, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.022038

    Abstract Aluminum is an abundant metal in the earth’s crust that turns out to be toxic in acidic environments. Many plants are affected by the presence of aluminum at the whole plant level, at the organ level, and at the cellular level. Tobacco as a cash crop (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is a widely cultivated plant worldwide and is also a good model organism for research. Although there are many articles on Al-phytotoxicity in the literature, reviews on a single species that are economically and scientifically important are limited. In this article, we not only provide the biology associated with tobacco Al-toxicity,… More >

  • Open Access


    Mechanism of tobacco osmotin gene in plant responses to biotic and abiotic stress tolerance: A brief history


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 623-632, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.017316

    Abstract Plants are recurrently exposed to myriads of biotic and abiotic stresses leading to several biochemical and physiological variations that cause severe impacts on plant growth and survival. To overcome these challenges, plants activate two primary defense mechanisms, such as structural response (cell wall strengthening and waxy epidermal cuticle development) and metabolic changes, including the synthesis of anti-microbial compounds and proteins, especially the pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins. PR proteins are members of a super large family of defense proteins that exhibit antimicrobial activities. Their over-expression in plants provides tolerance to many abiotic and biotic stresses. PR proteins have been classified into 17… More >

  • Open Access


    Cloning and characterization of 5-enopyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase from Phragmites australis


    BIOCELL, Vol.44, No.4, pp. 731-736, 2020, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2020.010575

    Abstract Glyphosate is a non-selective broad-spectrum herbicide that blocks plant growth by inhibiting 5- Enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS), a key enzyme of the shikimate pathway in microorganisms and plants. The full-length epsps cDNA sequence (paepsps, Genebank: KY860582.1) was cloned and characterized for the first time from Phragmites australis. The full-length cDNA of paepsps was 1308 bp encoding a polypeptide of 435 amino acids. The bioinformatic analyses showed that PaEPSPS has highly homologous with EPSPS from other plants. RT-PCR analysis of paepsps expression indicated that the gene expressed in leaves, stems, and roots, with higher expression in leaves. The expression of the paepspsMore >

  • Open Access


    Cell viability in the cadmium-stressed cell suspension cultures of tobacco is regulated by extracellular ATP, possibly by a reactive oxygen species-associated mechanism

    Zhenzhen SHI, Jiaxin CAO, Hailong PANG, Lingyun JIA, Kun SUN, Hanqing FENG*

    BIOCELL, Vol.44, No.1, pp. 89-99, 2020, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2020.08059

    Abstract Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most widespread and toxic heavy metals to plants. Extracellular ATP (exATP) is thought to be an extracellular effector in regulating the physiological responses of plant cells to environmental stresses. However, the function of exATP in Cd-stressed plant cells is much unknown. The present work showed that treating tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Bright Yellow-2) cell-suspension cultures with exogenous CdCl2 reduced the cell viability, exATP level, and Mg content. However, the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), Cd content, and electrolyte leakage of the cells were enhanced by exogenous CdCl2. When the Cd-induced accumulation of… More >

  • Open Access


    First report of Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) and Poinsettia mosaic virus (PnMV) in poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. Ex Klotzch) in Mexico

    Ocampo Ocampo T1, DL Ochoa Martínez1, S Ramírez Rojas2, G Valdovinos Ponce1, C Nava Díaz1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.82, pp. 235-241, 2013, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2013.82.235

    Abstract The Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias (INIFAP), in Zacatepec Morelos, started a genetic improvement program of wild and semi-cultivated poinsettia plants ("nochebuena de sol"). It is important to generate a phytosanitary database that allows the release of new varieties and hybrids that provide tolerance to the major pathogens reported in cultivated poinsettia plants. The phytosanitary status of the “nochebuena de sol” plants is not available in Mexico, so the objective of this research was to generate preliminary data about viruses associated to these materials. Based on DAS-ELISA and RT-PCR results, we reported the presence of the Tobacco… More >

  • Open Access


    Torin 1, TOR Inhibitor Enhances Cellular Proliferation in NT-1 Tobacco Suspension Cell Cultures

    Grisel Fierros-Romero1,*, M. Elena Mellado-Rojas2, Reynaldo C. Pless3, Juan Ignacio Valiente-Banuet1, Ashutosh Sharma1 and Elda M. Beltrán-Peña2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.88, No.2, pp. 131-137, 2019, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2019.05036

    Abstract Torin 1 is an ATP-competitive TOR inhibitor which inhibits the signaling of TOR and S6K kinase in mammals and plants. The objective of this research is to determine the effect of Torin 1 in a relatively simple and homogeneous plant system such as the NT-1 tobacco suspension cell cultures. Cultures of NT-1 cells were tested with 5, 50, 150 and 250 nM of Torin 1. During kinetics growth of NT-1 tobacco suspension cell cultures, 150 and 250 nM Torin 1 inhibits the early growth and later enhanced the cellular proliferation during exponential growth by means of an increased expression of… More >

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