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  • Open Access


    SGT-Net: A Transformer-Based Stratified Graph Convolutional Network for 3D Point Cloud Semantic Segmentation

    Suyi Liu1,*, Jianning Chi1, Chengdong Wu1, Fang Xu2,3,4, Xiaosheng Yu1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4471-4489, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049450

    Abstract In recent years, semantic segmentation on 3D point cloud data has attracted much attention. Unlike 2D images where pixels distribute regularly in the image domain, 3D point clouds in non-Euclidean space are irregular and inherently sparse. Therefore, it is very difficult to extract long-range contexts and effectively aggregate local features for semantic segmentation in 3D point cloud space. Most current methods either focus on local feature aggregation or long-range context dependency, but fail to directly establish a global-local feature extractor to complete the point cloud semantic segmentation tasks. In this paper, we propose a Transformer-based… More >

  • Open Access


    Power Quality Disturbance Identification Basing on Adaptive Kalman Filter and Multi-Scale Channel Attention Fusion Convolutional Network

    Feng Zhao, Guangdi Liu*, Xiaoqiang Chen, Ying Wang

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.7, pp. 1865-1882, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.048209

    Abstract In light of the prevailing issue that the existing convolutional neural network (CNN) power quality disturbance identification method can only extract single-scale features, which leads to a lack of feature information and weak anti-noise performance, a new approach for identifying power quality disturbances based on an adaptive Kalman filter (KF) and multi-scale channel attention (MS-CAM) fused convolutional neural network is suggested. Single and composite-disruption signals are generated through simulation. The adaptive maximum likelihood Kalman filter is employed for noise reduction in the initial disturbance signal, and subsequent integration of multi-scale features into the conventional CNN… More >

  • Open Access


    Spatial and Contextual Path Network for Image Inpainting

    Dengyong Zhang1,2, Yuting Zhao1,2, Feng Li1,2, Arun Kumar Sangaiah3,4,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.2, pp. 115-133, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.040847

    Abstract Image inpainting is a kind of use known area of information technology to repair the loss or damage to the area. Image feature extraction is the core of image restoration. Getting enough space for information and a larger receptive field is very important to realize high-precision image inpainting. However, in the process of feature extraction, it is difficult to meet the two requirements of obtaining sufficient spatial information and large receptive fields at the same time. In order to obtain more spatial information and a larger receptive field at the same time, we put forward… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Hybrid Ensemble Learning Approach for Enhancing Accuracy and Sustainability in Wind Power Forecasting

    Farhan Ullah1, Xuexia Zhang1,*, Mansoor Khan2, Muhammad Abid3,*, Abdullah Mohamed4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 3373-3395, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048656

    Abstract Accurate wind power forecasting is critical for system integration and stability as renewable energy reliance grows. Traditional approaches frequently struggle with complex data and non-linear connections. This article presents a novel approach for hybrid ensemble learning that is based on rigorous requirements engineering concepts. The approach finds significant parameters influencing forecasting accuracy by evaluating real-time Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA2) data from several European Wind farms using in-depth stakeholder research and requirements elicitation. Ensemble learning is used to develop a robust model, while a temporal convolutional network handles time-series complexities and data… More >

  • Open Access


    Graph Convolutional Networks Embedding Textual Structure Information for Relation Extraction

    Chuyuan Wei*, Jinzhe Li, Zhiyuan Wang, Shanshan Wan, Maozu Guo

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 3299-3314, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047811

    Abstract Deep neural network-based relational extraction research has made significant progress in recent years, and it provides data support for many natural language processing downstream tasks such as building knowledge graph, sentiment analysis and question-answering systems. However, previous studies ignored much unused structural information in sentences that could enhance the performance of the relation extraction task. Moreover, most existing dependency-based models utilize self-attention to distinguish the importance of context, which hardly deals with multiple-structure information. To efficiently leverage multiple structure information, this paper proposes a dynamic structure attention mechanism model based on textual structure information, which deeply… More >

  • Open Access


    BCCLR: A Skeleton-Based Action Recognition with Graph Convolutional Network Combining Behavior Dependence and Context Clues

    Yunhe Wang1, Yuxin Xia2, Shuai Liu2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4489-4507, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048813

    Abstract In recent years, skeleton-based action recognition has made great achievements in Computer Vision. A graph convolutional network (GCN) is effective for action recognition, modelling the human skeleton as a spatio-temporal graph. Most GCNs define the graph topology by physical relations of the human joints. However, this predefined graph ignores the spatial relationship between non-adjacent joint pairs in special actions and the behavior dependence between joint pairs, resulting in a low recognition rate for specific actions with implicit correlation between joint pairs. In addition, existing methods ignore the trend correlation between adjacent frames within an action… More >

  • Open Access


    TSCND: Temporal Subsequence-Based Convolutional Network with Difference for Time Series Forecasting

    Haoran Huang, Weiting Chen*, Zheming Fan

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3665-3681, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048008

    Abstract Time series forecasting plays an important role in various fields, such as energy, finance, transport, and weather. Temporal convolutional networks (TCNs) based on dilated causal convolution have been widely used in time series forecasting. However, two problems weaken the performance of TCNs. One is that in dilated casual convolution, causal convolution leads to the receptive fields of outputs being concentrated in the earlier part of the input sequence, whereas the recent input information will be severely lost. The other is that the distribution shift problem in time series has not been adequately solved. To address… More >

  • Open Access


    Predicting Traffic Flow Using Dynamic Spatial-Temporal Graph Convolution Networks

    Yunchang Liu1,*, Fei Wan1, Chengwu Liang2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4343-4361, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047211

    Abstract Traffic flow prediction plays a key role in the construction of intelligent transportation system. However, due to its complex spatio-temporal dependence and its uncertainty, the research becomes very challenging. Most of the existing studies are based on graph neural networks that model traffic flow graphs and try to use fixed graph structure to deal with the relationship between nodes. However, due to the time-varying spatial correlation of the traffic network, there is no fixed node relationship, and these methods cannot effectively integrate the temporal and spatial features. This paper proposes a novel temporal-spatial dynamic graph More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis and Modeling of Time Output Characteristics for Distributed Photovoltaic and Energy Storage

    Kaicheng Liu1,3,*, Chen Liang2, Xiaoyang Dong2, Liping Liu1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.4, pp. 933-949, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043658

    Abstract Due to the unpredictable output characteristics of distributed photovoltaics, their integration into the grid can lead to voltage fluctuations within the regional power grid. Therefore, the development of spatial-temporal coordination and optimization control methods for distributed photovoltaics and energy storage systems is of utmost importance in various scenarios. This paper approaches the issue from the perspective of spatiotemporal forecasting of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation and proposes a Temporal Convolutional-Long Short-Term Memory prediction model that combines Temporal Convolutional Networks (TCN) and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM). To begin with, an analysis of the spatiotemporal distribution patterns of More >

  • Open Access


    Detection Algorithm of Laboratory Personnel Irregularities Based on Improved YOLOv7

    Yongliang Yang, Linghua Xu*, Maolin Luo, Xiao Wang, Min Cao

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2741-2765, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046768

    Abstract Due to the complex environment of the university laboratory, personnel flow intensive, personnel irregular behavior is easy to cause security risks. Monitoring using mainstream detection algorithms suffers from low detection accuracy and slow speed. Therefore, the current management of personnel behavior mainly relies on institutional constraints, education and training, on-site supervision, etc., which is time-consuming and ineffective. Given the above situation, this paper proposes an improved You Only Look Once version 7 (YOLOv7) to achieve the purpose of quickly detecting irregular behaviors of laboratory personnel while ensuring high detection accuracy. First, to better capture the… More >

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