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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hybrid Malware Variant Detection Model with Extreme Gradient Boosting and Artificial Neural Network Classifiers

    Asma A. Alhashmi1, Abdulbasit A. Darem1,*, Sultan M. Alanazi1, Abdullah M. Alashjaee2, Bader Aldughayfiq3, Fuad A. Ghaleb4,5, Shouki A. Ebad1, Majed A. Alanazi1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 3483-3498, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041038

    Abstract In an era marked by escalating cybersecurity threats, our study addresses the challenge of malware variant detection, a significant concern for a multitude of sectors including petroleum and mining organizations. This paper presents an innovative Application Programmable Interface (API)-based hybrid model designed to enhance the detection performance of malware variants. This model integrates eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) and an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) classifier, offering a potent response to the sophisticated evasion and obfuscation techniques frequently deployed by malware authors. The model’s design capitalizes on the benefits of both static and dynamic analysis to extract API-based features, providing a holistic… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Credit Card Fraud Detection Model Based on Multi-Feature Fusion and Generative Adversarial Network

    Yalong Xie1, Aiping Li1,*, Biyin Hu2, Liqun Gao1, Hongkui Tu1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 2707-2726, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.037039

    Abstract Credit Card Fraud Detection (CCFD) is an essential technology for banking institutions to control fraud risks and safeguard their reputation. Class imbalance and insufficient representation of feature data relating to credit card transactions are two prevalent issues in the current study field of CCFD, which significantly impact classification models’ performance. To address these issues, this research proposes a novel CCFD model based on Multifeature Fusion and Generative Adversarial Networks (MFGAN). The MFGAN model consists of two modules: a multi-feature fusion module for integrating static and dynamic behavior data of cardholders into a unified highdimensional feature space, and a balance module… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhanced Metaheuristics with Machine Learning Enabled Cyberattack Detection Model

    Ahmed S. Almasoud*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 2849-2863, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.039718

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) is considered the next-gen connection network and is ubiquitous since it is based on the Internet. Intrusion Detection System (IDS) determines the intrusion performance of terminal equipment and IoT communication procedures from IoT environments after taking equivalent defence measures based on the identified behaviour. In this background, the current study develops an Enhanced Metaheuristics with Machine Learning enabled Cyberattack Detection and Classification (EMML-CADC) model in an IoT environment. The aim of the presented EMML-CADC model is to detect cyberattacks in IoT environments with enhanced efficiency. To attain this, the EMML-CADC model primarily employs a data… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Visualization for Explanation of Deep Learning-Based Defect Detection Model Using Class Activation Map

    Hyunkyu Shin1, Yonghan Ahn2, Mihwa Song3, Heungbae Gil3, Jungsik Choi4,*, Sanghyo Lee5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 4753-4766, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038362

    Abstract Recently, convolutional neural network (CNN)-based visual inspection has been developed to detect defects on building surfaces automatically. The CNN model demonstrates remarkable accuracy in image data analysis; however, the predicted results have uncertainty in providing accurate information to users because of the “black box” problem in the deep learning model. Therefore, this study proposes a visual explanation method to overcome the uncertainty limitation of CNN-based defect identification. The visual representative gradient-weights class activation mapping (Grad-CAM) method is adopted to provide visually explainable information. A visualizing evaluation index is proposed to quantitatively analyze visual representations; this index reflects a rough estimate… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Intelligent Deep Convolutional Neural Network Based Object Detection Model for Visually Challenged People

    S. Kiruthika Devi1, Amani Abdulrahman Albraikan2, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi3, Mohamed K. Nour4, Ahmed Ashour5, Anwer Mustafa Hilal6,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3191-3207, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.036980

    Abstract Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Computer Vision (CV) advancements have led to many useful methodologies in recent years, particularly to help visually-challenged people. Object detection includes a variety of challenges, for example, handling multiple class images, images that get augmented when captured by a camera and so on. The test images include all these variants as well. These detection models alert them about their surroundings when they want to walk independently. This study compares four CNN-based pre-trained models: Residual Network (ResNet-50), Inception v3, Dense Convolutional Network (DenseNet-121), and SqueezeNet, predominantly used in image recognition applications. Based on the analysis performed on… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A COVID-19 Detection Model Based on Convolutional Neural Network and Residual Learning

    Bo Wang1,*, Yongxin Zhang1, Shihui Ji2, Binbin Zhang1, Xiangyu Wang1, Jiyong Zhang1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 3625-3642, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.036754

    Abstract A model that can obtain rapid and accurate detection of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) plays a significant role in treating and preventing the spread of disease transmission. However, designing such a model that can balance the detection accuracy and weight parameters of memory well to deploy a mobile device is challenging. Taking this point into account, this paper fuses the convolutional neural network and residual learning operations to build a multi-class classification model, which improves COVID-19 pneumonia detection performance and keeps a trade-off between the weight parameters and accuracy. The convolutional neural network can extract the COVID-19 feature information by… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Network Intrusion Detection Model Using Fused Machine Learning Technique

    Fahad Mazaed Alotaibi*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 2479-2490, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033792

    Abstract With the progress of advanced technology in the industrial revolution encompassing the Internet of Things (IoT) and cloud computing, cyberattacks have been increasing rapidly on a large scale. The rapid expansion of IoT and networks in many forms generates massive volumes of data, which are vulnerable to security risks. As a result, cyberattacks have become a prevalent and danger to society, including its infrastructures, economy, and citizens’ privacy, and pose a national security risk worldwide. Therefore, cyber security has become an increasingly important issue across all levels and sectors. Continuous progress is being made in developing more sophisticated and efficient… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modified Buffalo Optimization with Big Data Analytics Assisted Intrusion Detection Model

    R. Sheeba1,*, R. Sharmila2, Ahmed Alkhayyat3, Rami Q. Malik4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 1415-1429, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034321

    Abstract Lately, the Internet of Things (IoT) application requires millions of structured and unstructured data since it has numerous problems, such as data organization, production, and capturing. To address these shortcomings, big data analytics is the most superior technology that has to be adapted. Even though big data and IoT could make human life more convenient, those benefits come at the expense of security. To manage these kinds of threats, the intrusion detection system has been extensively applied to identify malicious network traffic, particularly once the preventive technique fails at the level of endpoint IoT devices. As cyberattacks targeting IoT have… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hybrid Metaheuristics Feature Selection with Stacked Deep Learning-Enabled Cyber-Attack Detection Model

    Mashael M Asiri1, Heba G. Mohamed2, Mohamed K Nour3, Mesfer Al Duhayyim4,*, Amira Sayed A. Aziz5, Abdelwahed Motwakel6, Abu Sarwar Zamani6, Mohamed I. Eldesouki7

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.2, pp. 1679-1694, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.031063

    Abstract Due to exponential increase in smart resource limited devices and high speed communication technologies, Internet of Things (IoT) have received significant attention in different application areas. However, IoT environment is highly susceptible to cyber-attacks because of memory, processing, and communication restrictions. Since traditional models are not adequate for accomplishing security in the IoT environment, the recent developments of deep learning (DL) models find beneficial. This study introduces novel hybrid metaheuristics feature selection with stacked deep learning enabled cyber-attack detection (HMFS-SDLCAD) model. The major intention of the HMFS-SDLCAD model is to recognize the occurrence of cyberattacks in the IoT environment. At… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improved Ant Colony Optimization and Machine Learning Based Ensemble Intrusion Detection Model

    S. Vanitha1,*, P. Balasubramanie2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 849-864, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032324

    Abstract Internet of things (IOT) possess cultural, commercial and social effect in life in the future. The nodes which are participating in IOT network are basically attracted by the cyber-attack targets. Attack and identification of anomalies in IoT infrastructure is a growing problem in the IoT domain. Machine Learning Based Ensemble Intrusion Detection (MLEID) method is applied in order to resolve the drawback by minimizing malicious actions in related botnet attacks on Message Queue Telemetry Transport (MQTT) and Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) protocols. The proposed work has two significant contributions which are a selection of features and detection of attacks. New… More >

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