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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Physiological and Transcriptome Analysis Illuminates the Molecular Mechanisms of the Drought Resistance Improved by Alginate Oligosaccharides in Triticum aestivum L.

    Yunhong Zhang1,2,*, Yonghui Yang1,2, Jiawei Mao1,2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.2, pp. 185-212, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.046811

    Abstract Alginate oligosaccharides (AOS) enhance drought resistance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), but the definite mechanisms remain largely unknown. The physiological and transcriptome responses of wheat seedlings treated with AOS were analyzed under drought stress simulated with polyethylene glycol-6000. The results showed that AOS promoted the growth of wheat seedlings and reduced oxidative damage by improving peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities under drought stress. A total of 10,064 and 15,208 differentially expressed unigenes (DEGs) obtained from the AOS treatment and control samples at 24 and 72 h after dehydration, respectively, were mainly enriched in the biosynthesis of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effects of Tsukamurella tyrosinosolvens P9 on growth, physiology and antioxdant enzyme of peanut under drought stress and after re-watering

    CHANGMEI LONG, TINGTING YANG, YUJIE HAN, LIZHEN HAN*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.6, pp. 1417-1430, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027485

    Abstract Background: The plant-growth-promoting rhizobacterium Tsukamurella tyrosinosolvens is a rare strain of actinomycete, in order to recognize and expand the ecological functions of rare actinomycetes. Methods: In this experiment, we studied the effect of Tsukamurella tyrosinosolvens P9 on the drought resistance of peanut by inoculating peanut seedlings in pots and measuring the growth and physiological indicators of peanut under drought stress and re-watering conditions. Results: The results showed that during drought stress, the relative water content of the soil and leaves, chlorophyll content, and stomatal length, width, and aperture were significantly decreased while the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), H2O2More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Cloning of the Soybean sHSP26 Gene and Analysis of Its Drought Resistance

    Siyan Liu1,*, Jinfeng Liu1, Yuzhe Zhang1, Yushi Jiang1, Shaowang Hu1, Andi Shi1, Qiyao Cong1, Shuyan Guan2,*, Jing Qu2, Yao Dan1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.7, pp. 1465-1482, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018836

    Abstract Exploring the molecular mechanism of soybean response to drought stress, providing a basis for genetic improvement and breeding of heat-resistant varieties, relying on the transcriptome sequencing data of unpollinated ovary at the seven-leaf stage of soybean Jinong 18(JN18) and Jinong 18 mutant (JB18) soybeans, using reverse transcription, one gene in the sHSP family was cloned using PCR (RT-PCR) and it was named sHSP26. In this experiment, the soybean sHSP26 gene was successfully cloned by RT-PCR, the protein encoded by the sHSP26 gene was analyzed by bioinformatics, and the sHSP26 gene overexpression vector and CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing vector were… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Cloning and Drought Resistance Analysis of Soybean GmHsps_p23-like Gene

    Yuzhe Zhang1,#, Guanglong Li1,#, Shaowang Hu1, Jinfeng Liu1, Yushi Jiang1, Siyan Liu2,*, Shuyan Guan2,*, Jing Qu2, Dan Yao1, Andi Shi1, Yixuan Liu1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1183-1198, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018853

    Abstract Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is an important cultivated crop, which requires much water during its growth, and drought seriously affects soybean yields. Studies have shown that the expression of small heat shock proteins can enhance drought resistance, cold resistance and salt resistance of plants. In this experiment, soybean GmHsps_p23-like gene was successfully cloned by RT-PCR, the protein encoded by the GmHsps_p23-like gene was subjected to bioinformatics analysis, and the pCAMBIA3301-GmHsps_p23-like overexpression vector and pCBSG015-GmHsps_p23-like gene editing vector were constructed. Agrobacterium-mediated method was used to transform soybeans to obtain positive plants. RT-PCR detection, rehydration experiment and drought resistance… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Biomass production and grain yield of three sorghum lines differing in drought resistance

    Castro-Nava S1, J Ortiz-Cereceres2,†, M del C Mendoza-Castillo2, AJ Huerta3

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.81, pp. 149-156, 2012, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2012.81.149

    Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the efficiency of drought classification criteria that we previously reported for our grain sorghum genotypes. Two tolerant genotypes of grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] (UAT-124 and UAT-152) and one susceptible (UAT-30) were subjected to drought under greenhouse conditions at either panicle initiation, flag leaf, or flowering. Results showed that the effects of drought depended on when drought stress occurred during development. Biomass of the three sorghum genotypes was significantly reduced at the flag leaf stage (48%) by drought stress, but the greatest reduction occurred in the susceptible… More >

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