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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Safety Evaluation of Concrete Structures Based on a Novel Energy Criterion

    Qiang Tong1, Qingwen Ren1, *, Lei Shen 2, Linfei Zhang 2, Yin Yang3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.1, pp. 33-58, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.033

    Abstract In this article, the post-peak softening stage of the constitutive relation and the elastic stiffness degradation of concrete are investigated, and a highly reasonable constitutive relation curve is proposed. At the material level, the energy change in the concrete failure process is studied based on the different stress-strain curves of concrete under uniaxial tension and compression. The concrete failure criterion based on elastic strain energy density is deemed suitable and consistent with the experimental phenomena. The hysteresis phenomenon (lags behind the peak strength) is also discussed. At the structure level, the strength reduction method is employed for the stability analysis,… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Towards computational design of Fe(II) chromophores for solar energy conversion

    Elena Jakubikova, David N. Bowman

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.19, No.4, pp. 127-128, 2011, DOI:10.3970/icces.2011.019.127

    Abstract The Sun is an abundant source of energy capable of meeting all our energy needs if properly harvested. Some of the ways to utilize solar energy is conversion of sunlight to electricity via photovoltaic solar cells or to chemical fuels via photocatalytic synthetic cells. Many of such systems are designed around a photoactive molecule (a chromophore) anchored to a semiconductor. The conversion of sunlight to electricity occurs via absorption of light by the chromophore, followed by the interfacial electron transfer between the chromophore and semiconductor. We investigate the use of Fe(II)-polypyridine compounds as chromophores in the molecular assemblies for solar… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Theory and Modelling of Novel Materials for High Energy Batteries

    G. Seifert, S. Leoni, M. Baldoni

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.17, No.3, pp. 69-70, 2011, DOI:10.3970/icces.2011.017.069

    Abstract Energy storage is particular important for advanced fuel-efficient vehicles and mobile applications, rechargeable batteries play a key role for such applications. Lithium-ion batteries are today the leading energy storage systems. However, the cathode materials remain insufficient for the use of lithium-ion batteries. To improve this drawback, cathode materials has to be developed further. Therefore, today, most research is focused on the cathode material, and a precise knowledge of the diffusion/transport behaviour of lithium cations inside battery-cathode materials is critical for improving energy density, material properties, and for estimating the impact of chemical substitution. Computer simulations down to an atomistic scale… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Efficiency improvement of vibration-base piezoelectric energy harvesting device

    Bo Mi Lee, In-Ho Kim, Hyung-Jo Jung

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 19-20, 2011, DOI:10.3970/icces.2011.019.019

    Abstract Vibration energy harvesting, which converts ambient vibration energy into electrical energy, has been an attractive energy scavenging technique to power wireless sensors or low power devices. Even though vibration energy harvesting has drawbacks which are relatively low harvested power and narrow bandwidth, vibration energy scavenging is one of the promising alternative power techniques in that MEMS techniques can be applied to microminiaturize the system. Therefore, many researches have been done to overcome these problems(Lee et al.2010). This paper presents improvement efficiency on piezoelectric vibration energy harvesting device to surmount issues of vibration energy harvesting. Numerical simulation and experimental test are… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Study on Dynamic Energy Absorption Ability of Closed-cell Si-Al Foam Metals Considering Geometry Size

    Yishan Pan, Xiangfeng Lv, Zhonghua Li, XiChun Xiao

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.16, No.4, pp. 101-102, 2011, DOI:10.3970/icces.2011.016.101

    Abstract Geometry size has a great influence on energy absorption ability of closed-cell foam metals. Study on energy absorption ability of closed-cell Si-Al foam metals considering geometry size by impact experiment method. The results show that the strain and absorbing energy value are decreasing with the geometry size increasing, and also lead to the hole wall rupture or whole instability. The best height-width ratio for cube and cylinder are 1.0~1.5 and 1.0~2.0, respectively. With the increasing of material diameter, the compressive strength increasing quickly, but the strain reduces. It is clearly that height-width ratio 1.0 is better for cube and cylinder. More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    The Progress of Energy Meshless Methods by Using Trial Functions as the Bases of Solution

    Cheinshan Liu1,2,3, Chunglun Kuo2

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.22, No.4, pp. 189-191, 2019, DOI:10.32604/icces.2019.05074

    Abstract For the linear differential operator equation equipped with boundary conditions we derive an energy identity. Then we propose an energy regularization technique to choose the energetic bases in the numerical solution of linear differential operator equation. In many meshless methods with some trial functions as the bases of numerical solution, there exist certain parameters in the numerical method. We derive a very simple energy gap functional and minimize it to determine the optimal parameters. The new methodology upon adopting optimal parameters by minimizing the energy gap functional can improve the accuracy of the meshless methods in the numerical solutions. More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Analyses of Energy Release Rate for Interface Fracture of Elastic Multilayered under Four-Point Bending

    Chang-Wei Huang

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.21, No.3, pp. 57-57, 2019, DOI:10.32604/icces.2019.05418

    Abstract This paper focuses on the interface energy release rate of elastic multilayered beam subjected to four-point bending. Linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) and extended finite element method (XFEM) are adopted to investigate the interface fracture of composite beams. Numerical results obtained from simulations not only verify the accuracy of closed-form solutions for the steady-state interface energy release rate, but also provide the evolution history of interface energy release rate under different crack length. In addition, non-dimensional parametric analyses for interface fracture energy release rate are carried out for the discussion of effects of crack length ratio, elastic modulus ratio, and… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    The energy localization by the rupture propagation

    I.A. Miklashevich1

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.15, No.4, pp. 145-152, 2010, DOI:10.3970/icces.2010.015.145

    Abstract The simple analytical model for the energy flux by the earthquake is proposed. The energy flux can be evaluated through the Umov-Pointing vector by the rupture propagation in media. Discontinuity of vector components is found. This discontinuity cause the change of an energy flow direction and localization of the energy field. More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Fracture behavior of plain concrete beams -- experimental verification of one parameter model

    B.K.Raghu Prasad1, Rabindra Kumar Saha1, A.R.Gopalakrishnan1

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.14, No.3, pp. 65-84, 2010, DOI:10.3970/icces.2010.014.065

    Abstract Several different models have been proposed to characterize mode-I crack propagation in concrete. The fictitious crack model proposed by Hillerborg et al. and the blunt crack band theory developed by Bazant & Oh are particularly well suited for a finite element analysis. The two-parameter fracture model proposed by Jenq & Shah is found to be applicable only for beams with s/w=4, where s=span & w=depth of the beam. The general applicability of the model for other testing configurations is not published. In the present study an experimental verification of a one-parameter model based on fundamental equation of equilibrium developed by… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Higher-Order Stress and Size Effects Due to Self Energy of Geometrically Necessary Dislocations

    N. Ohno1, D. Okumura1

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.4, No.4, pp. 207-214, 2007, DOI:10.3970/icces.2007.004.207

    Abstract The self energy of geometrically necessary dislocations (GNDs) is considered to inevitably introduce the higher-order stress work-conjugate to slip gradient in single crystals. It is pointed out that this higher-order stress stepwise changes in response to in-plane slip gradient and thus directly influences the onset of initial yielding in polycrystals. The self energy of GNDs is then incorporated into the strain gradient theory of Gurtin (2002). The resulting theory is applied to model crystal grains of size D, leading to a D-1-dependent term with a coefficient determined by grain shape and orientation. It is thus shown that the self energy… More >

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