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  • Open Access


    A Federated Learning Framework with Blockchain-Based Auditable Participant Selection

    Huang Zeng, Mingtian Zhang, Tengfei Liu, Anjia Yang*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 5125-5142, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.052846

    Abstract Federated learning is an important distributed model training technique in Internet of Things (IoT), in which participant selection is a key component that plays a role in improving training efficiency and model accuracy. This module enables a central server to select a subset of participants to perform model training based on data and device information. By doing so, selected participants are rewarded and actively perform model training, while participants that are detrimental to training efficiency and model accuracy are excluded. However, in practice, participants may suspect that the central server may have miscalculated and thus… More >

  • Open Access


    Short-Term Household Load Forecasting Based on Attention Mechanism and CNN-ICPSO-LSTM

    Lin Ma1, Liyong Wang1, Shuang Zeng1, Yutong Zhao1, Chang Liu1, Heng Zhang1, Qiong Wu2,*, Hongbo Ren2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.6, pp. 1473-1493, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.047332

    Abstract Accurate load forecasting forms a crucial foundation for implementing household demand response plans and optimizing load scheduling. When dealing with short-term load data characterized by substantial fluctuations, a single prediction model is hard to capture temporal features effectively, resulting in diminished prediction accuracy. In this study, a hybrid deep learning framework that integrates attention mechanism, convolution neural network (CNN), improved chaotic particle swarm optimization (ICPSO), and long short-term memory (LSTM), is proposed for short-term household load forecasting. Firstly, the CNN model is employed to extract features from the original data, enhancing the quality of data… More >

  • Open Access


    An Improved Deep Learning Framework for Automated Optic Disc Localization and Glaucoma Detection

    Hela Elmannai1,*, Monia Hamdi1, Souham Meshoul1, Amel Ali Alhussan2, Manel Ayadi3, Amel Ksibi3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1429-1457, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048557

    Abstract Glaucoma disease causes irreversible damage to the optical nerve and it has the potential to cause permanent loss of vision. Glaucoma ranks as the second most prevalent cause of permanent blindness. Traditional glaucoma diagnosis requires a highly experienced specialist, costly equipment, and a lengthy wait time. For automatic glaucoma detection, state-of-the-art glaucoma detection methods include a segmentation-based method to calculate the cup-to-disc ratio. Other methods include multi-label segmentation networks and learning-based methods and rely on hand-crafted features. Localizing the optic disc (OD) is one of the key features in retinal images for detecting retinal diseases,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Hybrid Machine Learning Framework for Security Intrusion Detection

    Fatimah Mudhhi Alanazi*, Bothina Abdelmeneem Elsobky, Shaimaa Aly Elmorsy

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 835-851, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2024.042401

    Abstract Proliferation of technology, coupled with networking growth, has catapulted cybersecurity to the forefront of modern security concerns. In this landscape, the precise detection of cyberattacks and anomalies within networks is crucial, necessitating the development of efficient intrusion detection systems (IDS). This article introduces a framework utilizing the fusion of fuzzy sets with support vector machines (SVM), named FSVM. The core strategy of FSVM lies in calculating the significance of network features to determine their relative importance. Features with minimal significance are prudently disregarded, a method akin to feature selection. This process not only curtails the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Deep Learning Framework for Mass-Forming Chronic Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Classification Based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    Luda Chen1, Kuangzhu Bao2, Ying Chen2, Jingang Hao2,*, Jianfeng He1,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 409-427, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048507

    Abstract Pancreatic diseases, including mass-forming chronic pancreatitis (MFCP) and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), present with similar imaging features, leading to diagnostic complexities. Deep Learning (DL) methods have been shown to perform well on diagnostic tasks. Existing DL pancreatic lesion diagnosis studies based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) utilize the prior information to guide models to focus on the lesion region. However, over-reliance on prior information may ignore the background information that is helpful for diagnosis. This study verifies the diagnostic significance of the background information using a clinical dataset. Consequently, the Prior Difference Guidance Network (PDGNet)… More >

  • Open Access


    ASLP-DL —A Novel Approach Employing Lightweight Deep Learning Framework for Optimizing Accident Severity Level Prediction

    Saba Awan1,*, Zahid Mehmood2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2535-2555, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047337

    Abstract Highway safety researchers focus on crash injury severity, utilizing deep learning—specifically, deep neural networks (DNN), deep convolutional neural networks (D-CNN), and deep recurrent neural networks (D-RNN)—as the preferred method for modeling accident severity. Deep learning’s strength lies in handling intricate relationships within extensive datasets, making it popular for accident severity level (ASL) prediction and classification. Despite prior success, there is a need for an efficient system recognizing ASL in diverse road conditions. To address this, we present an innovative Accident Severity Level Prediction Deep Learning (ASLP-DL) framework, incorporating DNN, D-CNN, and D-RNN models fine-tuned through More >

  • Open Access


    Cybersecurity Threats Detection Using Optimized Machine Learning Frameworks

    Nadir Omer1,*, Ahmed H. Samak2, Ahmed I. Taloba3,4, Rasha M. Abd El-Aziz3,5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 77-95, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039265

    Abstract Today’s world depends on the Internet to meet all its daily needs. The usage of the Internet is growing rapidly. The world is using the Internet more frequently than ever. The hazards of harmful attacks have also increased due to the growing reliance on the Internet. Hazards to cyber security are actions taken by someone with malicious intent to steal data, destroy computer systems, or disrupt them. Due to rising cyber security concerns, cyber security has emerged as the key component in the fight against all online threats, forgeries, and assaults. A device capable of… More >

  • Open Access


    A Machine Learning Framework for Isogeometric Topology Optimization

    Haobo Zhang1, Ziao Zhuang1, Chen Yu2, Zhaohui Xia1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 1-2, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09091

    Abstract Topology optimization (TO) is an important and powerful tool to obtain efficient and lightweight structures in conceptional design stage and a series of representative methods are implemented [1-5]. TO are mainly based on the classical finite element analysis (FEA), resulting in an inconsistency between geometric model and analytical model. Besides, there are some drawbacks of low analysis accuracy, poor continuity between adjacent elements, and high computational cost for high-order meshes. Thus, isogeometric analysis (IGA) is proposed [6] to replace FEA in TO. Using the Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines (NURBS), IGA successfully eliminates the defects of the… More >

  • Open Access


    Nuclei Segmentation in Histopathology Images Using Structure-Preserving Color Normalization Based Ensemble Deep Learning Frameworks

    Manas Ranjan Prusty1, Rishi Dinesh2, Hariket Sukesh Kumar Sheth2, Alapati Lakshmi Viswanath2, Sandeep Kumar Satapathy2,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 3077-3094, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042718

    Abstract This paper presents a novel computerized technique for the segmentation of nuclei in hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained histopathology images. The purpose of this study is to overcome the challenges faced in automated nuclei segmentation due to the diversity of nuclei structures that arise from differences in tissue types and staining protocols, as well as the segmentation of variable-sized and overlapping nuclei. To this extent, the approach proposed in this study uses an ensemble of the UNet architecture with various Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) architectures as encoder backbones, along with stain normalization and test time… More >

  • Open Access


    Traffic Control Based on Integrated Kalman Filtering and Adaptive Quantized Q-Learning Framework for Internet of Vehicles

    Othman S. Al-Heety1,*, Zahriladha Zakaria1,*, Ahmed Abu-Khadrah2, Mahamod Ismail3, Sarmad Nozad Mahmood4, Mohammed Mudhafar Shakir5, Sameer Alani6, Hussein Alsariera1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2103-2127, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029509

    Abstract Intelligent traffic control requires accurate estimation of the road states and incorporation of adaptive or dynamically adjusted intelligent algorithms for making the decision. In this article, these issues are handled by proposing a novel framework for traffic control using vehicular communications and Internet of Things data. The framework integrates Kalman filtering and Q-learning. Unlike smoothing Kalman filtering, our data fusion Kalman filter incorporates a process-aware model which makes it superior in terms of the prediction error. Unlike traditional Q-learning, our Q-learning algorithm enables adaptive state quantization by changing the threshold of separating low traffic from… More >

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