Home / Advanced Search

  • Title/Keywords

  • Author/Affliations

  • Journal

  • Article Type

  • Start Year

  • End Year

Update SearchingClear
  • Articles
  • Online
Search Results (65)
  • Open Access


    Proline and Oxidative Metabolism in Young Pecan Trees Associated with Sulphate Accumulation

    Dalila Jacqueline Escudero-Almanza1, Oscar Cruz-Alvarez1, Ofelia Adriana Hernández-Rodríguez1, Juan Luis Jacobo-Cuellar1, Esteban Sánchez-Chávez2, Pablo Preciado-Rángel3, Dámaris Leopoldina Ojeda-Barrios1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1141-1152, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.019129

    Abstract Pecan [Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch.] is a deciduous tree whose fruits (nuts) are of high economic value and offer excellent nutritional benefits. However, soils high in sulphates can limit its growth and development. Working with 5-year-old trees of ‘Western Schley’ pecan grown in soils high in sulphates, the levels of proline and oxidative metabolism were recorded in the leaflets. Results showed that different levels of visible leaflet damage (‘sufficiency’, ‘low’, ‘moderate’ or ‘severe’) were associated with different levels of leaflet sulphates (mg kg−1): ‘sufficiency’ (≤40), ‘low’ (41–60), ‘moderate’ (61–80) and ‘severe’ (80–100). ‘Severe’ sulphate damage was… More >

  • Open Access


    Effects of Salt-Alkaline Stress on Carbohydrate Metabolism in Rice Seedlings

    Xiwen Shao1, Dongsheng Gai1, Dapeng Gao1, Yanqiu Geng1,*, Liying Guo1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.4, pp. 745-759, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018933

    Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate carbohydrate metabolism in rice seedlings subjected to salt-alkaline stress. Two relatively salt-alkaline tolerant (Changbai 9) and sensitive (Jinongda 138) rice cultivars, grown hydroponically, were subjected to salt-alkaline stress via 50 mM of salt-alkaline solution. The carbohydrate content and the activities of metabolism-related enzymes in the leaves and roots were investigated. The results showed that the contents of sucrose, fructose, and glucose in the leaves and roots increased under salt-alkaline stress. Starch content increased in the leaves but decreased in the roots under salt-alkaline stress. The activities of More >

  • Open Access


    Global Lysine Acetylome Analysis of Flower Bud Development in Catalpa bungei

    Danlong Jing1,2, Nan Wang1, Nan Lu1, Guanzheng Qu3, Guolu Liang2, Wenjun Ma1, Shougong Zhang1,*, Junhui Wang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.3, pp. 507-524, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.017644

    Abstract Lysine acetylation, a reversible and dynamic post-translational modification, plays pivotal roles in regulating many biological processes in plants. However, the information of lysine acetylation during flower development of woody angiosperm remains unclear. Herein, we identified a total of 667 lysine acetylation sites in 467 proteins in flower buds of Catalpa Bungei. The acetylated proteins were mainly involved in the pathways of carbon metabolism, glycometabolism and oxidative phosphorylation. Using functional enrichment analysis, 61 and 13 acetylated proteins were involved in the glycometabolism and oxidative phosphorylation pathways, respectively. This suggests that lysine acetylated proteins play critical roles in… More >

  • Open Access


    In Silico analysis and linking of metabolism-related genes with the immune landscape in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

    JIAYU ZHANG1,2,3,#, RUOYAN CAO1,2,3,#, JIANMIN PENG1,2,3, QINCHAO HU1,2,3, JUAN XIA1,2,3,*, BIN CHENG1,2,3,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 111-125, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.016612

    Abstract Metabolic reprogramming and immunologic suppression are two critical characteristics promoting the progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The integrative analysis of all the metabolism-related genes (MRGs) in HNSCC is lacking and the interaction between the metabolism and the immune characteristics also requires more exploration to uncover the potential mechanisms. Therefore, this study was designed to establish a prognostic signature based on all the MRGs in HNSCC. Genes of HNSCC samples were available from the TCGA and GEO databases while the MRGs were retrieved from a previous study. Ultimately 4 prognostic MRGs were… More >

  • Open Access


    Forkhead box protein O1 (FoxO1) regulates lipids metabolism and cell proliferation mediated by insulin and PI3K-Akt-mTOR pathway in goose primary hepatocytes


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 171-183, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.015409

    Abstract In order to explore the role of forkhead box protein O1 (FoxO1) in the lipid metabolism and cell proliferation, goose primary hepatocytes were isolated and incubated with insulin or PI3K-Akt-mTOR pathway dual inhibitor NVP-BEZ235, and then transfected with FoxO1 interference plasmid. The related parameters of lipid metabolism and cell proliferation were measured. The results firstly showed that FoxO1 interference increased the intracellular TG and lipids concentration (P < 0.05); and increased the proliferative index (PI), cell DNA synthesis, protein expression of Cyclin D1 in goose primary hepatocytes (P < 0.05). Secondly, the co-treatment of insulin and… More >

  • Open Access


    Chlorogenic Acid Metabolism: The Evolution and Roles in Plant Response to Abiotic Stress

    Deka Reine Judesse Soviguidi1,2, Rui Pan1, Yi Liu1,2, Liping Rao1,2, Wenying Zhang1,*, Xinsun Yang2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.2, pp. 239-255, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018284

    Abstract During the evolution, plants acquired the ability to synthesize different phenylpropanoid compounds like chlorogenic acid (CGA), which plays vital roles in resistance mechanisms to abiotic stresses. These environmental factors, including heavy metal, cold, heat, ultraviolet (UV) light, drought, and salinity affect the plant physiological processes, resulting in massive losses of agriculture production. As plants evolve from green algae to bryophytes, ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms, phenylpropanoids are produced and accumulated in different tissues, giving the plant the capacity to counteract the harmful effects of the adverse environments. Studies have been performed on the metabolic evolution of… More >

  • Open Access


    The signaling pathway in modulating bone metabolism after dental implant in diabetes


    BIOCELL, Vol.45, No.6, pp. 1509-1519, 2021, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2021.09506

    Abstract Diabetes Mellitus is a systematic disease with complications in multi-organs, including decreased implant osseointegration and a high failure rate of dental transplants. Accumulating evidence indicates that the signaling pathway directly impacts the process of bone metabolism and inflammatory response implicated with dental implants in diabetic patients. This review summarizes the recent advance in signaling pathways regulate osseointegration and inflammatory response in dental transplantation, aiming to identify the potential therapeutic target to reduce the dental transplant failure in diabetes patients, with emphasis on the surface characteristics of the implant, inflammatory signaling, AMPK, PPARγ, WNT, ROS, and More >

  • Open Access


    Oxidative metabolism of photosynthetic species and the exposure to some freshwater and marine biotoxins


    BIOCELL, Vol.45, No.4, pp. 813-821, 2021, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2021.015360

    Abstract Environmental climate conditions could lead to an increasing global occurrence of microorganism blooms that synthesize toxins in the aquatic environments. These blooms could result in significantly toxic events. Responses of photosynthetic organisms to adverse environmental conditions implicate reactive oxygen species generation; but, due to the presence of a varied cellular antioxidant defense system and complex signaling networks, this oxidative stress could act as an important factor in the environmental adaptive processes. The objective of this review was to assess how some biotoxins are implicated in the generation of oxidative and nitrosative metabolic changes, not only More >

  • Open Access


    Mechanisms adopted by cancer cells to escape apoptosis–A review


    BIOCELL, Vol.45, No.4, pp. 863-884, 2021, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2021.013993

    Abstract Inactivation of apoptosis is the prime phenomenon in cancer development and cancer treatments. Mutations in the apoptotic pathway not only exert resistance to apoptosis and provide a survival advantage to cancer cells but also confer resistance to cancer therapies. Escaping apoptosis is the “hallmark” of cancer cells. Cancer cells can withstand many apoptotic stimuli, such as DNA damage, unfavorable environments, and cytotoxic therapies. Substantial research has been carried out and is in good progress on the various mechanisms adopted by cancer cells to evade apoptosis. This article reviews the apoptosis escape mechanisms by cancer cells, More >

  • Open Access


    Advances in molecular regulation of goat lipid metabolism and FAS structure and function regulation


    BIOCELL, Vol.45, No.4, pp. 835-847, 2021, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2021.015652

    Abstract Goat milk is widely recognized for its nutritional value. Fatty acid synthase (FAS) is the crucial enzyme of fatty acid de novo synthesis. It plays an important role in the formation of goat milk fat. In this paper, we first introduced the molecular regulation process of goat milk fat metabolism based on the structure research of FAS. Secondly, we reviewed some key factors in FAS transcription and post-transcriptional regulation of the goat mammary gland and preliminarily constructed the expression network of the goat mammary gland FAS gene. The purpose of this paper is to systematically introduce More >

Displaying 31-40 on page 4 of 65. Per Page