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  • Open Access


    Deep Reinforcement Learning Enabled Smart City Recycling Waste Object Classification

    Mesfer Al Duhayyim1, Taiseer Abdalla Elfadil Eisa2, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi3,4, Abdelzahir Abdelmaboud5, Manar Ahmed Hamza6,*, Abu Sarwar Zamani6, Mohammed Rizwanullah6, Radwa Marzouk7,8

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 5699-5715, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.024431

    Abstract The Smart City concept revolves around gathering real time data from citizen, personal vehicle, public transports, building, and other urban infrastructures like power grid and waste disposal system. The understandings obtained from the data can assist municipal authorities handle assets and services effectually. At the same time, the massive increase in environmental pollution and degradation leads to ecological imbalance is a hot research topic. Besides, the progressive development of smart cities over the globe requires the design of intelligent waste management systems to properly categorize the waste depending upon the nature of biodegradability. Few of the commonly available wastes are… More >

  • Open Access


    Modeling of Artificial Intelligence Based Traffic Flow Prediction with Weather Conditions

    Mesfer Al Duhayyim1, Amani Abdulrahman Albraikan2, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi3,4, Hiba M. Burbur5, Mohammad Alamgeer6, Anwer Mustafa Hilal7, Manar Ahmed Hamza7,*, Mohammed Rizwanullah7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 3953-3968, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.022692

    Abstract Short-term traffic flow prediction (TFP) is an important area in intelligent transportation system (ITS), which is used to reduce traffic congestion. But the avail of traffic flow data with temporal features and periodic features are susceptible to weather conditions, making TFP a challenging issue. TFP process are significantly influenced by several factors like accident and weather. Particularly, the inclement weather conditions may have an extreme impact on travel time and traffic flow. Since most of the existing TFP techniques do not consider the impact of weather conditions on the TF, it is needed to develop effective TFP with the consideration… More >

  • Open Access


    Artificial Intelligence Based Sentiment Analysis for Health Crisis Management in Smart Cities

    Anwer Mustafa Hilal1, Badria Sulaiman Alfurhood2, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi3,4, Manar Ahmed Hamza1,*, Mesfer Al Duhayyim5, Huda G. Iskandar4,6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.1, pp. 143-157, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.021502

    Abstract Smart city promotes the unification of conventional urban infrastructure and information technology (IT) to improve the quality of living and sustainable urban services in the city. To accomplish this, smart cities necessitate collaboration among the public as well as private sectors to install IT platforms to collect and examine massive quantities of data. At the same time, it is essential to design effective artificial intelligence (AI) based tools to handle healthcare crisis situations in smart cities. To offer proficient services to people during healthcare crisis time, the authorities need to look closer towards them. Sentiment analysis (SA) in social networking… More >

  • Open Access


    Improved Sequencing Heuristic DSDV Protocol Using Nomadic Mobility Model for FANETS

    Inam Ullah Khan1, Muhammad Abul Hassan2, Muhammad Fayaz3, Jeonghwan Gwak4,5,6,7,*, Muhammad Adnan Aziz1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 3653-3666, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020697

    Abstract Most interesting area is the growing demand of flying-IoT mergers with smart cities. However, aerial vehicles, especially unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), have limited capabilities for maintaining node energy efficiency. In order to communicate effectively, IoT is a key element for smart cities. While improving network performance, routing protocols can be deployed in flying-IoT to improve latency, packet drop rate, packet delivery, power utilization, and average-end-to-end delay. Furthermore, in literature, proposed techniques are very much complex which cannot be easily implemented in real-world applications. This issue leads to the development of lightweight energy-efficient routing in flying-IoT networks. This paper addresses the… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning Based License Plate Number Recognition for Smart Cities

    T. Vetriselvi1, E. Laxmi Lydia2, Sachi Nandan Mohanty3,4, Eatedal Alabdulkreem5, Shaha Al-Otaibi6, Amal Al-Rasheed6, Romany F. Mansour7,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 2049-2064, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020110

    Abstract Smart city-aspiring urban areas should have a number of necessary elements in place to achieve the intended objective. Precise controlling and management of traffic conditions, increased safety and surveillance, and enhanced incident avoidance and management should be top priorities in smart city management. At the same time, Vehicle License Plate Number Recognition (VLPNR) has become a hot research topic, owing to several real-time applications like automated toll fee processing, traffic law enforcement, private space access control, and road traffic surveillance. Automated VLPNR is a computer vision-based technique which is employed in the recognition of automobiles based on vehicle number plates.… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimizing Traffic Signals in Smart Cities Based on Genetic Algorithm

    Nagham A. Al-Madi*, Adnan A. Hnaif

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.40, No.1, pp. 65-74, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.016730

    Abstract Current traffic signals in Jordan suffer from severe congestion due to many factors, such as the considerable increase in the number of vehicles and the use of fixed timers, which still control existing traffic signals. This condition affects travel demand on the streets of Jordan. This study aims to improve an intelligent road traffic management system (IRTMS) derived from the human community-based genetic algorithm (HCBGA) to mitigate traffic signal congestion in Amman, Jordan’s capital city. The parameters considered for IRTMS are total time and waiting time, and fixed timers are still used for control. By contrast, the enhanced system, called… More >

  • Open Access


    Intelligent Model Of Ecosystem For Smart Cities Using Artificial Neural Networks

    Tooba Batool1, Sagheer Abbas1, Yousef Alhwaiti2, Muhammad Saleem1, Munir Ahmad1, Muhammad Asif1,*, Nouh Sabri Elmitwally2,3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.30, No.2, pp. 513-525, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.018770

    Abstract A Smart City understands the infrastructure, facilities, and schemes open to its citizens. According to the UN report, at the end of 2050, more than half of the rural population will be moved to urban areas. With such an increase, urban areas will face new health, education, Transport, and ecological issues. To overcome such kinds of issues, the world is moving towards smart cities. Cities cannot be smart without using Cloud computing platforms, the Internet of Things (IoT). The world has seen such incredible and brilliant ideas for rural areas and smart cities. While considering the Ecosystem in Smart Cities,… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep-Learning-Empowered 3D Reconstruction for Dehazed Images in IoTEnhanced Smart Cities

    Jing Zhang1,2, Xin Qi3,*, San Hlaing Myint3, Zheng Wen4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 2809-2809, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.17410

    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access


    Complex Problems Solution as a Service Based on Predictive Optimization and Tasks Orchestration in Smart Cities

    Shabir Ahmad1, Jehad Ali2, Faisal Jamil3, Taeg Keun Whangbo1, DoHyeun Kim3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.1, pp. 1271-1288, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017773

    Abstract Smart cities have different contradicting goals having no apparent solution. The selection of the appropriate solution, which is considered the best compromise among the candidates, is known as complex problem-solving. Smart city administrators face different problems of complex nature, such as optimal energy trading in microgrids and optimal comfort index in smart homes, to mention a few. This paper proposes a novel architecture to offer complex problem solutions as a service (CPSaaS) based on predictive model optimization and optimal task orchestration to offer solutions to different problems in a smart city. Predictive model optimization uses a machine learning module and… More >

  • Open Access


    Intelligent Framework for Secure Transportation Systems Using Software-Defined-Internet of Vehicles

    Mohana Priya Pitchai1, Manikandan Ramachandran1,*, Fadi Al-Turjman2, Leonardo Mostarda3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.3, pp. 3947-3966, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015568

    Abstract The Internet of Things plays a predominant role in automating all real-time applications. One such application is the Internet of Vehicles which monitors the roadside traffic for automating traffic rules. As vehicles are connected to the internet through wireless communication technologies, the Internet of Vehicles network infrastructure is susceptible to flooding attacks. Reconfiguring the network infrastructure is difficult as network customization is not possible. As Software Defined Network provide a flexible programming environment for network customization, detecting flooding attacks on the Internet of Vehicles is integrated on top of it. The basic methodology used is crypto-fuzzy rules, in which cryptographic… More >

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