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  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Machine Learning-Based Intelligent Auscultation Techniques in Congenital Heart Disease: Application and Development

    Yang Wang#, Xun Yang#, Mingtang Ye, Yuhang Zhao, Runsen Chen, Min Da, Zhiqi Wang, Xuming Mo, Jirong Qi*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.19, No.2, pp. 219-231, 2024, DOI:10.32604/chd.2024.048314

    Abstract Congenital heart disease (CHD), the most prevalent congenital ailment, has seen advancements in the “dual indicator” screening program. This facilitates the early-stage diagnosis and treatment of children with CHD, subsequently enhancing their survival rates. While cardiac auscultation offers an objective reflection of cardiac abnormalities and function, its evaluation is significantly influenced by personal experience and external factors, rendering it susceptible to misdiagnosis and omission. In recent years, continuous progress in artificial intelligence (AI) has enabled the digital acquisition, storage, and analysis of heart sound signals, paving the way for intelligent CHD auscultation-assisted diagnostic technology. Although there has been a surge… More > Graphic Abstract

    Machine Learning-Based Intelligent Auscultation Techniques in Congenital Heart Disease: Application and Development

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Approach to Breast Tumor Detection: Enhanced Speckle Reduction and Hybrid Classification in Ultrasound Imaging

    K. Umapathi1,*, S. Shobana1, Anand Nayyar2, Judith Justin3, R. Vanithamani3, Miguel Villagómez Galindo4, Mushtaq Ahmad Ansari5, Hitesh Panchal6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 1875-1901, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047961

    Abstract Breast cancer detection heavily relies on medical imaging, particularly ultrasound, for early diagnosis and effective treatment. This research addresses the challenges associated with computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) of breast cancer from ultrasound images. The primary challenge is accurately distinguishing between malignant and benign tumors, complicated by factors such as speckle noise, variable image quality, and the need for precise segmentation and classification. The main objective of the research paper is to develop an advanced methodology for breast ultrasound image classification, focusing on speckle noise reduction, precise segmentation, feature extraction, and machine learning-based classification. A unique approach is introduced that combines Enhanced… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Secure Transmission of Compressed Medical Image Sequences on Communication Networks Using Motion Vector Watermarking

    Rafi Ullah1,*, Mohd Hilmi bin Hasan1, Sultan Daud Khan2, Mussadiq Abdul Rahim3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3283-3301, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046305

    Abstract Medical imaging plays a key role within modern hospital management systems for diagnostic purposes. Compression methodologies are extensively employed to mitigate storage demands and enhance transmission speed, all while upholding image quality. Moreover, an increasing number of hospitals are embracing cloud computing for patient data storage, necessitating meticulous scrutiny of server security and privacy protocols. Nevertheless, considering the widespread availability of multimedia tools, the preservation of digital data integrity surpasses the significance of compression alone. In response to this concern, we propose a secure storage and transmission solution for compressed medical image sequences, such as ultrasound images, utilizing a motion… More >

  • Open Access

    EDITORIAL

    Femoral Access with Ultrasound-Guided Puncture and Z-Stitch Hemostasis for Adults with Congenital Heart Diseases Undergoing Electrophysiological Procedures

    Fu Guan1,*, Matthias Gass2, Florian Berger2, Heiko Schneider1, Firat Duru1,3, Thomas Wolber1,3,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 85-92, 2024, DOI:10.32604/chd.2024.047266

    Abstract Aims: Although the application of ultrasound-guided vascular puncture and Z-stitch hemostasis to manage femoral access has been widely utilized, there is limited data on this combined application in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients undergoing electrophysiological (EP) procedures. We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided puncture and postprocedural Z-stitch hemostasis for ACHD patients undergoing EP procedures. Methods and Results: The population of ACHD patients undergoing transfemoral EP procedures at the University of Zurich Heart Center between January 2019 and December 2022 was observed and analyzed. During the study period, femoral access (left/right, arterial/venous) was performed under real-time… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Computational Verification of Low-Frequency Broadband Noise from Wind Turbine Blades Using Semi-Empirical Methods

    Vasishta Bhargava Nukala*, Chinmaya Prasad Padhy

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 133-150, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.047762

    Abstract A significant aerodynamic noise from wind turbines arises when the rotating blades interact with turbulent flows. Though the trailing edge of the blade is an important source of noise at high frequencies, the present work deals with the influence of turbulence distortion on leading edge noise from wind turbine blades which becomes significant in low-frequency regions. Four quasi-empirical methods are studied to verify the accuracy of turbulent inflow noise predicted at low frequencies for a 2 MW horizontal axis wind turbine. Results have shown that all methods exhibited a downward linear trend in noise spectra for a given mean wind… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Study of the Effect of Splitter Blades on the Flow-Induced Noise of Hydraulic Turbine

    Fengxia Shi1,2, Guangbiao Zhao1,*, Yucai Tang1, Haonan Zhan1, Pengcheng Wang1

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 101-117, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.047082

    Abstract In order to study the effect of splitter blades on the internal and external sound field of the hydraulic turbine, the paper chose a centrifugal pump with a specific speed ns = 33 reversed as a hydraulic turbine as the research object, and added the short blades on the original impeller to form a new splitter impeller. Based on the Re-Normalization Group (RNG) k-ε turbulence model to conduct numerical simulation for the hydraulic turbine, this thesis calculated the internal and external acoustic field by means of the acoustic boundary element (BEM) and finite element (FEM) and analyzed the noise radiation… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhancing Sound Absorption in Micro-Perforated Panel and Porous Material Composite in Low Frequencies: A Numerical Study Using FEM

    Mohammad Javad SheikhMozafari*

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 81-100, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.048897

    Abstract Mitigating low-frequency noise poses a significant challenge for acoustic engineers, due to their long wavelength, with conventional porous sound absorbers showing limitations in attenuating such noise. An effective strategy involves combining porous materials with micro-perforated plates (MPP) to address this issue. Given the significant impact of structural variables like panel thickness, hole diameter, and air gap on the acoustic characteristics of MPP, achieving the optimal condition demands numerous sample iterations. The impedance tube’s considerable expense for sound absorption measurement and the substantial cost involved in fabricating each sample using a 3D printer underscore the advantage of utilizing simulation methods to… More > Graphic Abstract

    Enhancing Sound Absorption in Micro-Perforated Panel and Porous Material Composite in Low Frequencies: A Numerical Study Using FEM

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Sound Quality Evaluation Method for Vehicle Interior Noise Based on Auditory Loudness Model

    Zhiheng He1, Hui Guo2, Houguang Liu1,*, Yu Zhao1,3, Zipeng Zhang1, Shanguo Yang1

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 47-58, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.045470

    Abstract When designing and optimizing the hull of vehicles, their sound quality needs to be considered, which greatly depends on the psychoacoustic parameters. However, the traditional psychoacoustic calculation method does not consider the influence of the real human ear anatomic structure, even the loudness which is most related to the auditory periphery. In order to introduce the real physiological structure of the human ear into the evaluation of vehicle sound quality, this paper first carried out the vehicle internal noise test to obtain the experimental samples. Then, the physiological loudness was predicted based on an established human ear physiological model, and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Prediction of Sound Transmission Loss of Vehicle Floor System Based on 1D-Convolutional Neural Networks

    Cheng Peng1, Siwei Cheng2, Min Sun1, Chao Ren1, Jun Song1, Haibo Huang2,*

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 25-46, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.046940

    Abstract The Noise, Vibration, and Harshness (NVH) experience during driving is significantly influenced by the sound insulation performance of the car floor acoustic package. As such, accurate and efficient predictions of its sound insulation performance are crucial for optimizing related noise reduction designs. However, the complex acoustic transmission mechanisms and difficulties in characterizing the sound absorption and insulation properties of the floor acoustic package pose significant challenges to traditional Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) methods, leading to low modeling efficiency and prediction accuracy. To address these limitations, a hierarchical multi-objective decomposition system for predicting the sound insulation performance of the floor acoustic package… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Soundscapes in Arab Cities: A Systematic Review and Research Agenda

    Tallal Abdel Karim Bouzir1,*, Djihed Berkouk2,3, Theodore S. Eisenman4, Dietrich Schwela5, Nader Azab2, Mohammed M. Gomma2,6, Samiha Boucherit7

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 1-24, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.046723

    Abstract In the context of Arab cities, this study explores the intricate interplay between cultural, historical, and environmental elements that shape their unique soundscapes. The paper aims to shed light on this underrepresented field of study by employing a three-fold research approach: systematic review, a comprehensive literature review, and the formulation of a future research agenda. The first part of the investigation focuses on research productivity in the Arab world regarding soundscape studies. An analysis of publication trends reveals that soundscape research in Arab cities is still an emerging area of interest. Critical gaps in the existing body of literature are… More >

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