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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Time Series Intrusion Detection Method Based on SSAE, TCN and Bi-LSTM

    Zhenxiang He*, Xunxi Wang, Chunwei Li

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 845-871, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046607

    Abstract In the fast-evolving landscape of digital networks, the incidence of network intrusions has escalated alarmingly. Simultaneously, the crucial role of time series data in intrusion detection remains largely underappreciated, with most systems failing to capture the time-bound nuances of network traffic. This leads to compromised detection accuracy and overlooked temporal patterns. Addressing this gap, we introduce a novel SSAE-TCN-BiLSTM (STL) model that integrates time series analysis, significantly enhancing detection capabilities. Our approach reduces feature dimensionality with a Stacked Sparse Autoencoder (SSAE) and extracts temporally relevant features through a Temporal Convolutional Network (TCN) and Bidirectional Long Short-term Memory Network (Bi-LSTM). By… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Time Series Short-Term Prediction Method Based on Multi-Granularity Event Matching and Alignment

    Haibo Li*, Yongbo Yu, Zhenbo Zhao, Xiaokang Tang

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 653-676, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046424

    Abstract Accurate forecasting of time series is crucial across various domains. Many prediction tasks rely on effectively segmenting, matching, and time series data alignment. For instance, regardless of time series with the same granularity, segmenting them into different granularity events can effectively mitigate the impact of varying time scales on prediction accuracy. However, these events of varying granularity frequently intersect with each other, which may possess unequal durations. Even minor differences can result in significant errors when matching time series with future trends. Besides, directly using matched events but unaligned events as state vectors in machine learning-based prediction models can lead… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Measurement Study of the Ethereum Underlying P2P Network

    Mohammad Z. Masoud1, Yousef Jaradat1, Ahmad Manasrah2, Mohammad Alia3, Khaled Suwais4,*, Sally Almanasra4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 515-532, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.044504

    Abstract This work carried out a measurement study of the Ethereum Peer-to-Peer (P2P) network to gain a better understanding of the underlying nodes. Ethereum was applied because it pioneered distributed applications, smart contracts, and Web3. Moreover, its application layer language “Solidity” is widely used in smart contracts across different public and private blockchains. To this end, we wrote a new Ethereum client based on Geth to collect Ethereum node information. Moreover, various web scrapers have been written to collect nodes’ historical data from the Internet Archive and the Wayback Machine project. The collected data has been compared with two other services… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Autoencoder-Based Hybrid Network for Building Energy Consumption Forecasting

    Noman Khan1,2, Samee Ullah Khan1,2, Sung Wook Baik1,2,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 153-173, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039407

    Abstract Energy management systems for residential and commercial buildings must use an appropriate and efficient model to predict energy consumption accurately. To deal with the challenges in power management, the short-term Power Consumption (PC) prediction for household appliances plays a vital role in improving domestic and commercial energy efficiency. Big data applications and analytics have shown that data-driven load forecasting approaches can forecast PC in commercial and residential sectors and recognize patterns of electric usage in complex conditions. However, traditional Machine Learning (ML) algorithms and their features engineering procedure emphasize the practice of inefficient and ineffective techniques resulting in poor generalization.… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Deep Learning for Financial Time Series Prediction: A State-of-the-Art Review of Standalone and Hybrid Models

    Weisi Chen1,*, Walayat Hussain2,*, Francesco Cauteruccio3, Xu Zhang1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 187-224, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031388

    Abstract Financial time series prediction, whether for classification or regression, has been a heated research topic over the last decade. While traditional machine learning algorithms have experienced mediocre results, deep learning has largely contributed to the elevation of the prediction performance. Currently, the most up-to-date review of advanced machine learning techniques for financial time series prediction is still lacking, making it challenging for finance domain experts and relevant practitioners to determine which model potentially performs better, what techniques and components are involved, and how the model can be designed and implemented. This review article provides an overview of techniques, components and… More > Graphic Abstract

    Deep Learning for Financial Time Series Prediction: A State-of-the-Art Review of Standalone and Hybrid Models

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Innovative Deep Architecture for Flight Safety Risk Assessment Based on Time Series Data

    Hong Sun1, Fangquan Yang2, Peiwen Zhang3,*, Yang Jiao4, Yunxiang Zhao5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2549-2569, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030131

    Abstract With the development of the integration of aviation safety and artificial intelligence, research on the combination of risk assessment and artificial intelligence is particularly important in the field of risk management, but searching for an efficient and accurate risk assessment algorithm has become a challenge for the civil aviation industry. Therefore, an improved risk assessment algorithm (PS-AE-LSTM) based on long short-term memory network (LSTM) with autoencoder (AE) is proposed for the various supervised deep learning algorithms in flight safety that cannot adequately address the problem of the quality on risk level labels. Firstly, based on the normal distribution characteristics of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Memory-Guided Anomaly Detection Model with Contrastive Learning for Multivariate Time Series

    Wei Zhang1, Ping He2,*, Ting Li2, Fan Yang1, Ying Liu3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1893-1910, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.044253

    Abstract Some reconstruction-based anomaly detection models in multivariate time series have brought impressive performance advancements but suffer from weak generalization ability and a lack of anomaly identification. These limitations can result in the misjudgment of models, leading to a degradation in overall detection performance. This paper proposes a novel transformer-like anomaly detection model adopting a contrastive learning module and a memory block (CLME) to overcome the above limitations. The contrastive learning module tailored for time series data can learn the contextual relationships to generate temporal fine-grained representations. The memory block can record normal patterns of these representations through the utilization of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Paradigm of Numerical Simulation of Spatial Wind Field for Disaster Prevention of Transmission Tower Lines

    Yongxin Liu1, Puyu Zhao2, Jianxin Xu2, Xiaokai Meng1, Hong Yang1, Bo He2,*

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.17, No.6, pp. 521-539, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.029850

    Abstract Numerical simulation of the spatial wind field plays a very important role in the study of wind-induced response law of transmission tower structures. A reasonable construction of a numerical simulation method of the wind field is conducive to the study of wind-induced response law under the action of an actual wind field. Currently, many research studies rely on simulating spatial wind fields as Gaussian wind, often overlooking the basic non-Gaussian characteristics. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the historical development and current state of spatial wind field simulations, along with a detailed introduction to standard simulation methods.… More > Graphic Abstract

    Paradigm of Numerical Simulation of Spatial Wind Field for Disaster Prevention of Transmission Tower Lines

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Predicting the Popularity of Online News Based on the Dynamic Fusion of Multiple Features

    Guohui Song1,2, Yongbin Wang1,*, Jianfei Li1, Hongbin Hu1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1621-1641, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040095

    Abstract Predicting the popularity of online news is essential for news providers and recommendation systems. Time series, content and meta-feature are important features in news popularity prediction. However, there is a lack of exploration of how to integrate them effectively into a deep learning model and how effective and valuable they are to the model’s performance. This work proposes a novel deep learning model named Multiple Features Dynamic Fusion (MFDF) for news popularity prediction. For modeling time series, long short-term memory networks and attention-based convolution neural networks are used to capture long-term trends and short-term fluctuations of online news popularity. The… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Regional Economic Development Trend Prediction Method Based on Digital Twins and Time Series Network

    Runguo Xu*, Xuehan Yu, Xiaoxue Zhao

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1781-1796, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.037293

    Abstract At present, the interpretation of regional economic development (RED) has changed from a simple evaluation of economic growth to a focus on economic growth and the optimization of economic structure, the improvement of economic relations, and the change of institutional innovation. This article uses the RED trend as the research object and constructs the RED index to conduct the theoretical analysis. Then this paper uses the attention mechanism based on digital twins and the time series network model to verify the actual data. Finally, the regional economy is predicted according to the theoretical model. The specific research work mainly includes… More >

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