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• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Scattering of flexural wave in thin plate with multiple holes by using the null-field integral equation approach

CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 243-273, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.037.243

Abstract In this paper, a semi-analytical approach is proposed to solve the scattering problem of flexural waves and to determine dynamic moment concentration factors (DMCFs) in an infinite thin plate with multiple circular holes. The null-field integral formulation is employed in conjunction with degenerate kernels, tensor transformation and Fourier series. In the proposed direct formulation, all dynamic kernels of plate are expanded into degenerate forms and further the rotated degenerate kernels have been derived for the general exterior problem. By uniformly collocating points on the real boundary, a linear algebraic system is constructed. The results of dynamic moment concentration factors for… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Stable MFS Solution to Singular Direct and Inverse Problems Associated with the Laplace Equation Subjected to Noisy Data

CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 203-242, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.037.203

Abstract In this paper, a meshless method for the stable solution of direct and inverse problems associated with the two-dimensional Laplace equation in the presence of boundary singularities and noisy boundary data is proposed. The governing equation and boundary conditions are discretized by the method of fundamental solutions (MFS), whilst the existence of the boundary singularity is taken into account by subtracting from the original MFS solution the corresponding singular solutions, as given by the asymptotic expansion of the solution near the singular point. However, even in the case when the boundary singularity is accounted for, the numerical solutions obtained by… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Topological Shape Optimization of Electromagnetic Problems using Level Set Method and Radial Basis Function

CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 175-202, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.037.175

Abstract This paper presents a topological shape optimization technique for electromagnetic problems using a level set method and radial basis functions. The proposed technique is a level set (LS) based optimization dealing with geometrical shape derivatives and topological design. The shape derivative is computed by an adjoint variable method to avoid numerous sensitivity evaluations. A level set model embedded into the scalar function of higher dimensions is propagated to represent the design boundary of a domain. The level set function interpolated into a fixed initial domain is evolved by using the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. The moving free boundaries (dynamic interfaces) represented in… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Numerical Simulation of Graphite Properties Using X-ray Tomography and Fast Multipole Boundary Element Method

CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 153-174, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.037.153

Abstract Graphite materials are widely used in gas-cooled nuclear reactors as both moderators and reflectors. The graphite properties change when the microstructure damage occurs due to the in-core radiation and oxidation, thereby having a strong impact on the service life of graphite. In this paper, the X-ray tomography and the boundary element method (BEM) are introduced to the microstructure modeling and numerical simulations of both the mechanical and thermal property changes of nuclear graphite due to radiolytic oxidation. The model is established by the three-dimensional X-ray scan on the isotropic nuclear graphite Gilsocarbon, which is used in the UK commercial reactors.… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Inverse Sensitivity Analysis of Singular Solutions of FRF matrix in Structural System Identification

CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 113-152, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.037.113

Abstract The problem of structural damage detection based on measured frequency response functions of the structure in its damaged and undamaged states is considered. A novel procedure that is based on inverse sensitivity of the singular solutions of the system FRF matrix is proposed. The treatment of possibly ill-conditioned set of equations via regularization scheme and questions on spatial incompleteness of measurements are considered. The application of the method in dealing with systems with repeated natural frequencies and (or) packets of closely spaced modes is demonstrated. The relationship between the proposed method and the methods based on inverse sensitivity of eigensolutions… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### A Study of Boundary Conditions in the Meshless Local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) Method for Electromagnetic Field Computations

CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 97-112, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.037.097

Abstract Meshless local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) method is successfully applied for electromagnetic field computations. The moving least square technique is used to interpolate the trial and test functions. More attention is paid to imposing the essential boundary conditions of electromagnetic equations. A new coupled meshless local Petrov-Galerkin and finite element (MLPG-FE) method is presented to enforce the essential boundary conditions. Unlike the conventional coupled technique, this approach can ensure the smooth blending of the potential variables as well as their derivatives in the transition region between the meshless and finite element domains. Then the boundary singular weight method is proposed to enforce… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Analytical Solution for Estimation of Temperature-Dependent Material Properties of Metals Using Modified Morse Potential

CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 85-96, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.037.085

Abstract An atomic-level analytical solution, together with a modified Morse potential, has been developed to estimate temperature-dependent thermal expansion coefficients (CTE) and elastic characteristics of bulk metals. In this study, inter-atomic forces are considered as a set of anharmonic oscillator networks which can be described by Morse potential, while the material properties can be defined by these inter-atomic forces; when temperature increases, the vibration of the anharmonic oscillator causes the phenomenon of temperature-dependent material properties. The results of analysis showed that the original Morse potential can give a reasonable prediction of the thermal expansion coefficients and elastic constants of metals at… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Steady-state Response of the Wave Propagation in a Magneto-Electro-Elastic Square Column

CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 65-84, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.037.065

Abstract The steady-state response of the wave propagation in a magneto-electro-elastic square column (MEESC) was studied. Some new characteristics were discovered: the guided waves are classified in the forms of the Quasi-P, Quasi-SV and Quasi-SH waves and ordered by the standing wave number, and the three type guided waves are corresponding to the extension, twist and shear modes of the body vibration; the induced electric and magnetic fields can be aroused by the propagating stress wave. We proposed a self-adjoint method, by which the guided-wave restriction condition was derived. After finding the corresponding orthogonal sets, the analytic dispersion equation was obtained.… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Efficient Numerical Solution of the 3-D Semiconductor Poisson Equation for Monte Carlo Device Simulation

CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 45-64, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.037.045

Abstract Finding the scalar potential from the Poisson equation is a common, yet challenging problem in semiconductor modeling. One of the central problems in traditional mesh-based methods is the assignment of charge to the regular mesh imposed for the discretisation. In order to avoid this problem, we create a mesh-free algorithm which starts by assigning each mesh point to each particle present in the problem. This algorithm is based on a Fourier series expansion coupled with point matching. An efficient algorithm for repeatedly solving the Poisson problem for moving charge distributions is presented. We demonstate that this approach is accurate and… More >

• Open Access

ARTICLE

### Insight into High-quality Aerodynamic Design Spaces through Multi-objective Optimization

CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 1-44, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.037.001

Abstract An approach to support the computational aerodynamic design process is presented and demonstrated through the application of a novel multi-objective variant of the Tabu Search optimization algorithm for continuous problems to the aerodynamic design optimization of turbomachinery blades. The aim is to improve the performance of a specific stage and ultimately of the whole engine. The integrated system developed for this purpose is described. This combines the optimizer with an existing geometry parameterization scheme and a well-established CFD package. The system's performance is illustrated through case studies -- one two-dimensional, one three-dimensional -- in which flow characteristics important to the… More >

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