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  • Hierarchical Rigid Registration of Femur Surface Model Based on Anatomical Features
  • Abstract Existing model registration of individual bones does not have a high certainly of success due to the lack of anatomic semantic. In light of the surface anatomy and functional structure of bones, we hypothesized individual femur models would be aligned through feature points both in geometrical level and in anatomic level, and proposed a hierarchical approach for the rigid registration (HRR) of point cloud models of femur with high resolution. Firstly, a coarse registration between two simplified point cloud models was implemented based on the extraction of geometric feature points (GFPs); and then, according to the anatomic feature points (AFPs)…
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  • Meta-Analysis of the Relationship between Normal Tension Glaucoma, Open-Angle Glaucoma, and Fractional Pressure Reserve
  • Abstract Aim: To investigate the relationship between glaucoma and intraocular pressure (IOP), intracranial pressure (ICP), trans-laminar cribrosa pressure difference (TLCPD), and the newly proposed fractional pressure reserve (FPR). Methods: Ten articles were analyzed by meta-analysis, and subgroup analysis of three factors was conducted. Results: The patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG) and open-angle glaucoma (OAG) have higher TLCPD and lower ICP than healthy subjects, with obvious heterogeneity. The greater heterogeneity may arise from different ICP measurements and from different countries or regions. FPR performs better than TLCPD in some ways. Conclusion: Both FPR and TLCPD can be used as indicators of…
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  • Morphologies of Fibronectin Fibrils Formed under Shear Conditions and Their Cellular Adhesiveness Properties
  • Abstract Fibrillar fibronectin (FFN) is a biological active form of FN which form linear and branched meshwork around cells and support cellular activities. Previous studies have demonstrated that shear stress can induce cell-free FN fibrillogenesis. In this study, we further examined the effect of shear stress conditions on morphology of formed FFN and preliminarily looked for relationship between FFN’s morphology and cell adhesion. Plasma FN at 50 µg/ml was perfused through channel slides at shear rates of 500 s-1 or 4000 s-1. Our results showed that there were four FFN structures formed: (1) FN nodules, (2) fibril in different sizes (3)…
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  • Genetically Encoded FRET Biosensor Detects the Enzymatic Activity of Prostate-Specific Antigen
  • Abstract Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men beyond 50 years old, and ranked the second in mortality. The level of Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in serum has been a routine biomarker for clinical assessment of the cancer development, which is detected mostly by antibody-based immunoassays. The proteolytic activity of PSA also has important functions. Here a genetically encoded biosensor based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technology was developed to measure PSA activity. In vitro assay showed that the biosensor containing a substrate peptide ‘RLSSYYSGAG’ had 400% FRET change in response to 1 µg/ml PSA within 90 min, and…
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  • New Applications for Cryotherapy
  • Abstract Cryotherapy, or more commonly known as cold therapy, is the use of low temperatures in medical treatment. The most prominent use of cryotherapy is for cryosurgery where application of very low temperatures is used to ablate diseased tissue (e.g., most commonly in dermatology). Recent research, however, shows that low temperature may modulate collagen fibers beyond the already known effects of extreme cooling on joint pain relieve and inflammation. The goal of this brief review is to outline the known effects of extreme cooling on molecular, fiber and cell physiology and to leverage these properties in various potential medical applications. Specially,…
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  •   Views:947       Downloads:397        Download PDF
  • A C-GAN Denoising Algorithm in Projection Domain for Micro-CT
  • Abstract Micro-CT provides a high-resolution 3D imaging of micro-architecture in a non-invasive way, which becomes a significant tool in biomedical research and preclinical applications. Due to the limited power of micro-focus X-ray tube, photon starving occurs and noise is inevitable for the projection images, resulting in the degradation of spatial resolution, contrast and image details. In this paper, we propose a C-GAN (Conditional Generative Adversarial Nets) denoising algorithm in projection domain for Micro-CT imaging. The noise statistic property is utilized directly and a novel variance loss is developed to suppress the blurry effects during denoising procedure. Conditional Generative Adversarial Networks (C-GAN)…
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  •   Views:921       Downloads:444        Download PDF
  • New Concept to Non-Invasively Screen Iron Deficiency in Patients
  • Abstract Nearly two billion people are afflicted with iron deficiency and approximately 300 million children globally have anemia. Most of those affected are unaware of their lack of iron, in part because detection of iron deficiency requires a blood test. It is becoming increasingly important to screen these individuals to reduce medical cost and avoid chronic disease conditions. There are limited settings of laboratory infrastructure for standard blood-based tests around the world to routinely accomplish this important screening test. We propose a new concept to use either human hair or nail as a screening method to detect steady state iron content…
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  • A Patient-Specific Computational Fluid Dynamic Model of Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysm Before and One Year After Surgery
  • Abstract Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has been widely used for studying intracranial aneurysm hemodynamics, while its use for guiding clinical strategy is still in development. In this study, CFD simulations helped inform treatment decision for a middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysm case was investigated. A patient with a 10.4 × 9.8 mm aneurysm attached with a small aneurysm at the edge of the trifurcation in the left MCA was included in this study. For removing the MCA aneurysm, two scenarios were considered: Plan-A involved clipping the small aneurysm and Plan-B involved clipping the whole aneurysm. A suitable treatment plan was decided…
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  • A Study on the Finite Element Model for Head Injury in Facial Collision Accident
  • Abstract In order to predict and evaluate injury mechanism and biomechanical response of the facial impact on head injury in a crash accident. With the combined modern medical imaging technologies, namely computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), both geometric and finite element (FE) models for human head-neck with detailed cranio-facial structure were developed. The cadaveric head impact tests were conducted to validate the headneck finite element model. The intracranial pressure, skull dynamic response and skull-brain relative displacement of the whole head-neck model were compared with experimental data. Nine typical cases of facial traffic accidents were simulated, with the individual…
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  •   Views:2501       Downloads:747        Download PDF
  • A Retrospective Respiratory Gating System Based on Epipolar Consistency Conditions
  • Abstract Motion artifacts of in vivo imaging, due to rapid respiration rate and respiration displacements of the mice while free-breathing, is a major challenge in micro computed tomography(micro-CT). The respiratory gating is often served for either projective images acquisition or per projection qualification, so as to eliminate the artifacts brought by in vivo motion. In this paper, we propose a novel respiratory gating method, which firstly divides one rotation cycle into a number of segments, and extracts the respiratory signal from the projective image series of current segment by the value of the epipolar consistency conditions (ECC), then in terms of…
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  •   Views:2522       Downloads:463        Download PDF
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