Vol.68, No.3, 2021, pp.2995-3013, doi:10.32604/cmc.2021.016139
Hybrid Swarm Intelligence Based QoS Aware Clustering with Routing Protocol for WSN
  • M. S. Maharajan1, T. Abirami2, Irina V. Pustokhina3, Denis A. Pustokhin4, K. Shankar5,*
1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, GRT Institute of Engineering and Technology, Tiruttani, 631209, India
2 Department of Information Technology, Kongu Engineering College, Erode, 638060, India
3 Department of Entrepreneurship and Logistics, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, 117997, Russia
4 Department of Logistics, State University of Management, Moscow, 109542, Russia
5 Department of Computer Applications, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, 630001, India
* Corresponding Author: K. Shankar. Email:
Received 24 December 2020; Accepted 04 March 2021; Issue published 06 May 2021
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) started gaining attention due to its wide application in the fields of data collection and information processing. The recent advancements in multimedia sensors demand the Quality of Service (QoS) be maintained up to certain standards. The restrictions and requirements in QoS management completely depend upon the nature of target application. Some of the major QoS parameters in WSN are energy efficiency, network lifetime, delay and throughput. In this scenario, clustering and routing are considered as the most effective techniques to meet the demands of QoS. Since they are treated as NP (Non-deterministic Polynomial-time) hard problem, Swarm Intelligence (SI) techniques can be implemented. The current research work introduces a new QoS aware Clustering and Routing-based technique using Swarm Intelligence (QoSCRSI) algorithm. The proposed QoSCRSI technique performs two-level clustering and proficient routing. Initially, the fuzzy is hybridized with Glowworm Swarm Optimization (GSO)-based clustering (HFGSOC) technique for optimal selection of Cluster Heads (CHs). Here, Quantum Salp Swarm optimization Algorithm (QSSA)-based routing technique (QSSAR) is utilized to select the possible routes in the network. In order to evaluate the performance of the proposed QoSCRSI technique, the authors conducted extensive simulation analysis with varying node counts. The experimental outcomes, obtained from the proposed QoSCRSI technique, apparently proved that the technique is better compared to other state-of-the-art techniques in terms of energy efficiency, network lifetime, overhead, throughput, and delay.
Quality of service; clustering; routing; energy efficiency; wireless sensor networks; swarm intelligence
Cite This Article
M. S. Maharajan, T. Abirami, I. V. Pustokhina, D. A. Pustokhin and K. Shankar, "Hybrid swarm intelligence based qos aware clustering with routing protocol for wsn," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 68, no.3, pp. 2995–3013, 2021.
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