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Endothelial Tight Junction Protein ZO-1 Response to Multiple-Mechanical Stimulations After Stent Implamtation

Yang Wang1, Shuang Ge1, Junyang Huang1, Ruolin Du1, Tieying Yin1, Guixue Wang1,*, Yazhou Wang1,*

1 Key Laboratory for Biorheological Science and Technology of Ministry of Education, State and Local Joint Engineering Laboratory for Vascular Implants, Bioengineering College of Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China.
* Corresponding Author: Yazhou Wang. Email: Guixue Wang. Email:

Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics 2019, 16(Suppl.2), 140-141.


Zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) is a peripheral membrane protein belongs to the family of zona occludens proteins and plays an important role as a scaffold protein which cross-links and anchors tight junction (TJ) strand proteins, within the lipid bilayer, to the actin cytoskeleton[1-2]. Stent implantation is the most effective method in the treatment of cardiovascular disease which always destroy junctions of endothelial cells, the functions of the tight junction were also affected. However, the role of ZO-1 before and after stent implantation has not been fully understood. In this study, the expression of ZO-1 were analyzed by qPCR, western blot and immunofluorescence in vivo and in vitro. In vivo experiments were developed in two animal modes, carotid ligation of ApoE-/- mice for 48 h and abdominal aorta poly (L-lactic acid) stents implantation of male SD rats for indicated time (1 week, 1 month, 3 month and 1 year). In vitro, HUVECs were exposed to fluid shear stress and static pressure respectively. Namely, shear stress at 5 dyn/cm2 (low shear stress, LSS) and 12 dyn/cm2 (high shear stress) for 6 h, and 40 kPa static pressure for 6 h and 12 h. In vivo, expression of ZO-1 showed interestingly lower, compared to control in ApoE-/- mice and SD rats, except stents implantation at 3 month. In vitro, the expression level of ZO-1 showed higher at indicated shear stress, no statistical difference under static pressure at 6 h but significantly higher at 12 h, compared to control. Fluorescent staining showed more loose connection between cells and surrounding edges of the cells presented a gear shape with many small forks. In conclusion, we tried to indicate the role of ZO-1 before and after stent implantation by applying different mechanical stimulations respectively to imitate the mechanical environment endothelial cells might confront in vivo. Interestingly, we found that expression of ZO-1 was diametrically opposed in vitro and in vivo except stents implantation for 3 month in rats. Overall, our research revealed that ZO-1 response to multiple-mechanical stimulations, and ZO-1 might be inhibited or degraded in RNA level for multiplex mechanical stimulations in vivo, which shall pave the way for further research.


Cite This Article

Wang, Y., Ge, S., Huang, J., Du, R., Yin, T. et al. (2019). Endothelial Tight Junction Protein ZO-1 Response to Multiple-Mechanical Stimulations After Stent Implamtation. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 16(Suppl.2), 140–141.

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