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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Adaptive Control Strategy for Energy Storage Interface Converter Based on Analogous Virtual Synchronous Generator

    Feng Zhao, Jinshuo Zhang*, Xiaoqiang Chen, Ying Wang

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 339-358, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043082

    Abstract In the DC microgrid, the lack of inertia and damping in power electronic converters results in poor stability of DC bus voltage and low inertia of the DC microgrid during fluctuations in load and photovoltaic power. To address this issue, the application of a virtual synchronous generator (VSG) in grid-connected inverters control is referenced and proposes a control strategy called the analogous virtual synchronous generator (AVSG) control strategy for the interface DC/DC converter of the battery in the microgrid. Besides, a flexible parameter adaptive control method is introduced to further enhance the inertial behavior of the AVSG control. Firstly, a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Automatic SOC Equalization Strategy of Energy Storage Units with DC Microgrid Bus Voltage Support

    Jingjing Tian1, Shenglin Mo1,*, Feng Zhao1, Xiaoqiang Chen2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 439-459, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029956

    Abstract In this paper, an improved sag control strategy based on automatic SOC equalization is proposed to solve the problems of slow SOC equalization and excessive bus voltage fluctuation amplitude and offset caused by load and PV power variations in a stand-alone DC microgrid. The strategy includes primary and secondary control. Among them, the primary control suppresses the DC microgrid voltage fluctuation through the Ⅰ and Ⅱ section control, and the secondary control aims to correct the P-U curve of the energy storage system and the PV system, thus reducing the steady-state bus voltage excursion. The simulation results demonstrate that the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Emergency Energy Management of Microgrid in Industrial Park Based on Robust Optimization

    Haoliang Yang*, Yonggang Dong, Zhifang Yang

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2917-2931, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029167

    Abstract Reducing the impact of power outages and maintaining the power supply duration must be considered in implementing emergency energy dispatching in micro-networks. This paper studies a new emergency energy treatment method based on the robust optimal method and the industrial park micro-network with the optical energy storage system. After controlling the load input, a control strategy of adjusting and removing is proposed. Rolling optimal theory is applied to emergency energy scheduling based on a robust optimal mathematical model. A weighting factor is introduced into the optimal model to balance the importance of reducing and retaining the power supply. Uncertainty is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Blockchain-Based Game Approach to Multi-Microgrid Energy Dispatch

    Zhikang Wang#, Chengxuan Wang#, Wendi Wu, Cheng Sun, Zhengtian Wu*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.1, pp. 845-863, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029442

    Abstract As the current global environment is deteriorating, distributed renewable energy is gradually becoming an important member of the energy internet. Blockchain, as a decentralized distributed ledger with decentralization, traceability and tamper-proof features, is an important way to achieve efficient consumption and multi-party supply of new energy. In this article, we establish a blockchain-based mathematical model of multiple microgrids and microgrid aggregators’ revenue, consider the degree of microgrid users’ preference for electricity thus increasing users’ reliance on the blockchain market, and apply the one-master-multiple-slave Stackelberg game theory to solve the energy dispatching strategy when each market entity pursues the maximum revenue.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Secure Microgrid Data Storage Strategy with Directed Acyclic Graph Consensus Mechanism

    Jian Shang1,2,*, Runmin Guan2, Wei Wang2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 2609-2626, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.037694

    Abstract The wide application of intelligent terminals in microgrids has fueled the surge of data amount in recent years. In real-world scenarios, microgrids must store large amounts of data efficiently while also being able to withstand malicious cyberattacks. To meet the high hardware resource requirements, address the vulnerability to network attacks and poor reliability in the traditional centralized data storage schemes, this paper proposes a secure storage management method for microgrid data that considers node trust and directed acyclic graph (DAG) consensus mechanism. Firstly, the microgrid data storage model is designed based on the edge computing technology. The blockchain, deployed on… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Double-Layer-Optimizing Method of Hybrid Energy Storage Microgrid Based on Improved Grey Wolf Optimization

    Xianjing Zhong1, Xianbo Sun1,*, Yuhan Wu2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1599-1619, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039912

    Abstract To reduce the comprehensive costs of the construction and operation of microgrids and to minimize the power fluctuations caused by randomness and intermittency in distributed generation, a double-layer optimizing configuration method of hybrid energy storage microgrid based on improved grey wolf optimization (IGWO) is proposed. Firstly, building a microgrid system containing a wind-solar power station and electric-hydrogen coupling hybrid energy storage system. Secondly, the minimum comprehensive cost of the construction and operation of the microgrid is taken as the outer objective function, and the minimum peak-to-valley of the microgrid’s daily output is taken as the inner objective function. By iterating… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimizing Decision-Making of A Smart Prosumer Microgrid Using Simulation

    Oussama Accouche1,*, Rajan Kumar Gangadhari2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.1, pp. 151-173, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038648

    Abstract Distributed renewable energy sources offer significant alternatives for Qatar and the Arab Gulf region’s future fuel supply and demand. Microgrids are essential for providing dependable power in difficult-to-reach areas while incorporating significant amounts of renewable energy sources. In energy-efficient data centers, distributed generation can be used to meet the facility’s overall power needs. This study primarily focuses on the best energy management practices for a smart microgrid in Qatar while taking demand-side load management into account. This article looked into a university microgrid in Qatar that primarily aimed to get all of its energy from the grid. While diesel generators… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimal Operation of Distributed Generations Considering Demand Response in a Microgrid Using GWO Algorithm

    Hassan Shokouhandeh1, Mehrdad Ahmadi Kamarposhti2,*, William Holderbaum3, Ilhami Colak4, Phatiphat Thounthong5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 809-822, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035827

    Abstract The widespread penetration of distributed energy sources and the use of load response programs, especially in a microgrid, have caused many power system issues, such as control and operation of these networks, to be affected. The control and operation of many small-distributed generation units with different performance characteristics create another challenge for the safe and efficient operation of the microgrid. In this paper, the optimum operation of distributed generation resources and heat and power storage in a microgrid, was performed based on real-time pricing through the proposed gray wolf optimization (GWO) algorithm to reduce the energy supply cost with the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Distributed Robust Optimal Dispatch for the Microgrid Considering Output Correlation between Wind and Photovoltaic

    Ming Li1,*, Cairen Furifu1, Chengyang Ge2, Yunping Zheng1, Shunfu Lin2, Ronghui Liu2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.8, pp. 1775-1801, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.027215

    Abstract As an effective carrier of integrated clean energy, the microgrid has attracted wide attention. The randomness of renewable energies such as wind and solar power output brings a significant cost and impact on the economics and reliability of microgrids. This paper proposes an optimization scheme based on the distributionally robust optimization (DRO) model for a microgrid considering solar-wind correlation. Firstly, scenarios of wind and solar power output scenarios are generated based on non-parametric kernel density estimation and the Frank-Copula function; then the generated scenario results are reduced by K-means clustering; finally, the probability confidence interval of scenario distribution is constrained… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on Optimal Configuration of Energy Storage in Wind-Solar Microgrid Considering Real-Time Electricity Price

    Zhenzhen Zhang1,*, Qingquan Lv1, Long Zhao1, Qiang Zhou1, Pengfei Gao1, Yanqi Zhang1, Yimin Li2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.7, pp. 1637-1654, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.026942

    Abstract Capacity allocation and energy management strategies for energy storage are critical to the safety and economical operation of microgrids. In this paper, an improved energy management strategy based on real-time electricity price combined with state of charge is proposed to optimize the economic operation of wind and solar microgrids, and the optimal allocation of energy storage capacity is carried out by using this strategy. Firstly, the structure and model of microgrid are analyzed, and the output model of wind power, photovoltaic and energy storage is established. Then, considering the interactive power cost between the microgrid and the main grid and… More >

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