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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Efficient 3D CNN Framework with Attention Mechanisms for Alzheimer’s Disease Classification

    Athena George1, Bejoy Abraham2, Neetha George3, Linu Shine3, Sivakumar Ramachandran4,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2097-2118, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039262

    Abstract Neurodegeneration is the gradual deterioration and eventual death of brain cells, leading to progressive loss of structure and function of neurons in the brain and nervous system. Neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer’s, Huntington’s, Parkinson’s, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple system atrophy, and multiple sclerosis, are characterized by progressive deterioration of brain function, resulting in symptoms such as memory impairment, movement difficulties, and cognitive decline. Early diagnosis of these conditions is crucial to slowing down cell degeneration and reducing the severity of the diseases. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely used by neurologists for diagnosing brain abnormalities.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Target Tracking of Person Based on Deep Learning

    Xujun Li*, Guodong Fang, Liming Rao, Tengze Zhang

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2671-2688, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.038154

    Abstract To improve the tracking accuracy of persons in the surveillance video, we proposed an algorithm for multi-target tracking persons based on deep learning. In this paper, we used You Only Look Once v5 (YOLOv5) to obtain person targets of each frame in the video and used Simple Online and Realtime Tracking with a Deep Association Metric (DeepSORT) to do cascade matching and Intersection Over Union (IOU) matching of person targets between different frames. To solve the IDSwitch problem caused by the low feature extraction ability of the Re-Identification (ReID) network in the process of cascade… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Quick and Accurate Counting of Rapeseed Seedling with Improved YOLOv5s and Deep-Sort Method

    Chen Su, Jie Hong, Jiang Wang, Yang Yang*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.9, pp. 2611-2632, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029457

    Abstract The statistics of the number of rapeseed seedlings are very important for breeders and planters to conduct seed quality testing, field crop management and yield estimation. Calculating the number of seedlings is inefficient and cumbersome in the traditional method. In this study, a method was proposed for efficient detection and calculation of rapeseed seedling number based on improved you only look once version 5 (YOLOv5) to identify objects and deep-sort to perform object tracking for rapeseed seedling video. Coordinated attention (CA) mechanism was added to the trunk of the improved YOLOv5s, which made the model… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Building Indoor Dangerous Behavior Recognition Based on LSTM-GCN with Attention Mechanism

    Qingyue Zhao1, Qiaoyu Gu2, Zhijun Gao3,*, Shipian Shao1, Xinyuan Zhang1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.2, pp. 1773-1788, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.027500

    Abstract Building indoor dangerous behavior recognition is a specific application in the field of abnormal human recognition. A human dangerous behavior recognition method based on LSTM-GCN with attention mechanism (GLA) model was proposed aiming at the problem that the existing human skeleton-based action recognition methods cannot fully extract the temporal and spatial features. The network connects GCN and LSTM network in series, and inputs the skeleton sequence extracted by GCN that contains spatial information into the LSTM layer for time sequence feature extraction, which fully excavates the temporal and spatial features of the skeleton sequence. Finally, More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Single Image Deraining Using Dual Branch Network Based on Attention Mechanism for IoT

    Di Wang, Bingcai Wei, Liye Zhang*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.2, pp. 1989-2000, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028529

    Abstract Extracting useful details from images is essential for the Internet of Things project. However, in real life, various external environments,such as badweather conditions,will cause the occlusion of key target information and image distortion, resulting in difficulties and obstacles to the extraction of key information, affecting the judgment of the real situation in the process of the Internet of Things, and causing system decision-making errors and accidents. In this paper, we mainly solve the problem of rain on the image occlusion, remove the rain grain in the image, and get a clear image without rain. Therefore,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Attentive Neighborhood Feature Augmentation for Semi-supervised Learning

    Qi Liu1,2, Jing Li1,2,*, Xianmin Wang1,*, Wenpeng Zhao1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 1753-1771, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.039600

    Abstract Recent state-of-the-art semi-supervised learning (SSL) methods usually use data augmentations as core components. Such methods, however, are limited to simple transformations such as the augmentations under the instance’s naive representations or the augmentations under the instance’s semantic representations. To tackle this problem, we offer a unique insight into data augmentations and propose a novel data-augmentation-based semi-supervised learning method, called Attentive Neighborhood Feature Augmentation (ANFA). The motivation of our method lies in the observation that the relationship between the given feature and its neighborhood may contribute to constructing more reliable transformations for the data, and further… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multimodal Sentiment Analysis Using BiGRU and Attention-Based Hybrid Fusion Strategy

    Zhizhong Liu*, Bin Zhou, Lingqiang Meng, Guangyu Huang

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 1963-1981, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.038835

    Abstract Recently, multimodal sentiment analysis has increasingly attracted attention with the popularity of complementary data streams, which has great potential to surpass unimodal sentiment analysis. One challenge of multimodal sentiment analysis is how to design an efficient multimodal feature fusion strategy. Unfortunately, existing work always considers feature-level fusion or decision-level fusion, and few research works focus on hybrid fusion strategies that contain feature-level fusion and decision-level fusion. To improve the performance of multimodal sentiment analysis, we present a novel multimodal sentiment analysis model using BiGRU and attention-based hybrid fusion strategy (BAHFS). Firstly, we apply BiGRU to More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Lightweight Surface Litter Detection Algorithm Based on Improved YOLOv5s

    Zunliang Chen1,2, Chengxu Huang1,2, Lucheng Duan1,2, Baohua Tan1,2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.1, pp. 1085-1102, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039451

    Abstract In response to the problem of the high cost and low efficiency of traditional water surface litter cleanup through manpower, a lightweight water surface litter detection algorithm based on improved YOLOv5s is proposed to provide core technical support for real-time water surface litter detection by water surface litter cleanup vessels. The method reduces network parameters by introducing the deep separable convolution GhostConv in the lightweight network GhostNet to substitute the ordinary convolution in the original YOLOv5s feature extraction and fusion network; introducing the C3Ghost module to substitute the C3 module in the original backbone and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improved Blending Attention Mechanism in Visual Question Answering

    Siyu Lu1, Yueming Ding1, Zhengtong Yin2, Mingzhe Liu3,*, Xuan Liu4, Wenfeng Zheng1,*, Lirong Yin5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 1149-1161, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.038598

    Abstract Visual question answering (VQA) has attracted more and more attention in computer vision and natural language processing. Scholars are committed to studying how to better integrate image features and text features to achieve better results in VQA tasks. Analysis of all features may cause information redundancy and heavy computational burden. Attention mechanism is a wise way to solve this problem. However, using single attention mechanism may cause incomplete concern of features. This paper improves the attention mechanism method and proposes a hybrid attention mechanism that combines the spatial attention mechanism method and the channel attention More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Lightweight Method for Plant Disease Identification Using Deep Learning

    Jianbo Lu1,2,*, Ruxin Shi2, Jin Tong3, Wenqi Cheng4, Xiaoya Ma1,3, Xiaobin Liu2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 525-544, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.038287

    Abstract In the deep learning approach for identifying plant diseases, the high complexity of the network model, the large number of parameters, and great computational effort make it challenging to deploy the model on terminal devices with limited computational resources. In this study, a lightweight method for plant diseases identification that is an improved version of the ShuffleNetV2 model is proposed. In the proposed model, the depthwise convolution in the basic module of ShuffleNetV2 is replaced with mixed depthwise convolution to capture crop pest images with different resolutions; the efficient channel attention module is added into… More >

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