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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Artificial Neural Network Modeling for Predicting Thermal Conductivity of EG/Water-Based CNC Nanofluid for Engine Cooling Using Different Activation Functions

    Md. Munirul Hasan1, Md Mustafizur Rahman2,*, Mohammad Saiful Islam3, Wong Hung Chan4, Yasser M. Alginahi5, Muhammad Nomani Kabir6, Suraya Abu Bakar1, Devarajan Ramasamy2

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 537-556, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.047428

    Abstract A vehicle engine cooling system is of utmost importance to ensure that the engine operates in a safe temperature range. In most radiators that are used to cool an engine, water serves as a cooling fluid. The performance of a radiator in terms of heat transmission is significantly influenced by the incorporation of nanoparticles into the cooling water. Concentration and uniformity of nanoparticle distribution are the two major factors for the practical use of nanofluids. The shape and size of nanoparticles also have a great impact on the performance of heat transfer. Many researchers are investigating the impact of nanoparticles… More > Graphic Abstract

    Artificial Neural Network Modeling for Predicting Thermal Conductivity of EG/Water-Based CNC Nanofluid for Engine Cooling Using Different Activation Functions

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Unraveling the Rheology of Nanocellulose Aqueous Suspensions: A Comprehensive Study on Biomass-Derived Nanofibrillated Cellulose

    Mingyue Miao1,#, Fei Wang1,#, Qing Li1, Longchen Tao1, Chenchen Dai1, Yu Liu1, Shujuan Han1, Wenshuai Chen1,*, Ping Lu2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.3, pp. 443-455, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.030412

    Abstract The rheological properties of nanocellulose aqueous suspensions play a critical role in the development of nanocellulose-based bulk materials. High-crystalline, high-aspect ratio, and slender nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) were extracted from four biomass resources. The cellulose nanofibrils and nanofibril bundles formed inter-connected networks in the NFC aqueous suspensions. The storage moduli of the suspensions with different concentrations were higher than their corresponding loss moduli. As the concentration increased, the storage and loss modulus of NFC dispersion increased. When the shear rate increased to a certain value, there were differences in the changing trend of the rheological behavior of NFC aqueous suspensions derived… More > Graphic Abstract

    Unraveling the Rheology of Nanocellulose Aqueous Suspensions: A Comprehensive Study on Biomass-Derived Nanofibrillated Cellulose

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Nanomechanics of Incipient Kink Defects Formed in Nanocellulose

    Rongzhuang Song1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.2, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09608

    Abstract Kink defects in nanocellulose are ubiquitous yet associated questions remain open regarding the unclear microstructure-mechanical property relationship. Various kink patterns without molecular-scale resolution result in bemusements of how nanocellulose forms different kinks and what the fundamental mechanisms of reversible and irreversible kinks are. In our atomic force microscopy images of mechanically treated cellulose nanofibrils, bent nanofibrils usually exhibit small curvatures while kinked nanofibrils feature sharp bends, in which kinks are conspicuous due to their promiscuous configurations. To identify the nanomechanics of incipient kink defects formed in nanocellulose, molecular dynamics simulations of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) under curvature-dependent bending are subsequently carried… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Nanocelluloses from Eucalyptus Wood Pulp: A Morphological Comparison

    Antonio J. F. Carvalho

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 118-122, 2014, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2014.634108

    Abstract Two nanocelluloses from eucalyptus, namely microfi brillated cellulose (MFC) and cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), were prepared and compared by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The MFC fi bers are 20–30 nm wide and are composed of very homogeneous bundles of aligned regular elementary fi brils of 3–5 nm diameter. They show long straight portions and short fl exible zones, attributed to crystalline and amorphous zones, respectively. The needle-shaped CNC was approximately 200 nm long and 10 nm wide in the wider portion. A model for the MFC structure, whose fl exible zones are formed by alignment of the amorphous portion of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Characterization of Nanocomposite Membrane Based Bacterial Cellulose Made of Pineapple Waste Reinforced by Graphite Nanoplatelets

    Heru Suryanto1,2,*, Bili Darnanto Susilo3, Jibril Maulana3, Aminnudin3, Uun Yanuhar4, Surjani Wonorahardjo2,5, Husni Wahyu Wijaya2,5, Abu Saad Ansari6

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.9, pp. 2455-2465, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.020478

    Abstract Waste is the main problem for the environment. Handling waste for various useful applications has a benefit for the future. This work has been studied for handling pineapple peel waste to make composite film bacterial cellulose nanocomposite membrane (BCNM) with addition graphite nanoplatelet (GNP). The concentration of GNP in the membrane influence the membrane properties. The bacterial cellulose (BC) pellicle was synthesized by using media from pineapple peel waste extract. BC pellicle is cleaned with water and NaOH solution to be free from impactors. BCNM is synthesized through the mechanical disintegration stage. The results of disintegration using high pressure homogenizer… More > Graphic Abstract

    Characterization of Nanocomposite Membrane Based Bacterial Cellulose Made of Pineapple Waste Reinforced by Graphite Nanoplatelets

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Adsorption Properties and Cost of Dicarboxylic Nanocellulose on Copper Ions for Wastewater Treatment

    Xiaozheng Sun1,*, Yu Yang1, Qiang He2, Jianye Li1, Rui Li1, Haitao Chen1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.3, pp. 751-766, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.016933

    Abstract The accumulation of Cu2+ in water is a potential threat to human health and environment. Dicarboxylic nanocellulose (DNC) with rich carboxyl groups was prepared through the NaIO4–NaClO2 sequential oxidation method to efficiently remove copper ions, and the Cu2+ adsorption properties and cost were studied. The maximum adsorption capacity reached 184.2 mg/g at pH 6 and an adsorbent dose of 5 g/L. Theoretically, the maximum adsorption capacities of monocarboxylic nanocellulose (MNC), DNC, and tricarboxylic nanocellulose (TNC) with carboxyl groups as the main adsorption sites were calculated to be 228.7, 261.3, and 148.1 mg/g, respectively. The Cu2+ adsorption costs of MNC, DNC, and TNC were… More > Graphic Abstract

    Adsorption Properties and Cost of Dicarboxylic Nanocellulose on Copper Ions for Wastewater Treatment

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study on Preparation of Lignin-Containing Nanocellulose from Bamboo Parenchyma

    Wenli Gu1, Shiyi Zeng1, Assima Dauletbek2, Bin Xu1,3,*, Xinzhou Wang1, Man Yuan1, Yanni Gu1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.2, pp. 385-399, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.016457

    Abstract Bamboo vascular bundle fiber and parenchyma (BP) are separated by high-temperature treatment with saturated steam. Bamboo vascular bundle fiber is widely used in the market, but how to develop and utilize parenchyma tissue is a difficult problem. The sulfated cellulose nanofibers (ANFs) were obtained by sulfating BP with a deep eutectic solvent (DES), which provided a theoretical basis for the value-added utilization of BP. Using DES as the reaction medium and reagent, the BP was grafted with a sulfonic acid group to form a gel substance in water, ANFs and nanocellulose gel were obtained by ultrasonic cell crusher. The highest… More > Graphic Abstract

    Study on Preparation of Lignin-Containing Nanocellulose from Bamboo Parenchyma

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Removal of Cu(II), Pb(II), Mg(II), and Fe(II) by Adsorption onto Alginate/Nanocellulose Beads as Bio-Sorbent

    Ragab E. Abou-Zeid1, Korany A. Ali2, Ramadan M. A. Gawad2, Kholod H. Kamal3, Samir Kamel1, Ramzi Khiari4,5,6,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.4, pp. 601-613, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.014005

    Abstract

    Alginate blended with cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), cellulose nanofibers (CNF), and tri-carboxylate cellulose nanofibers (TPC-CNF) prepared and encapsulated in the form of microcapsules (bio-polymeric beads). The cellulosic nanomaterials that used in this study were investigated as nanomaterials for wastewater treatment applications. Batch experiments were performed to study the removal of copper, lead, magnesium, and iron from aqueous solutions by the prepared beads. The effects of the sorbent dosage and the modified polymers on the removing efficiency of the metal cations were examined. Atomic absorption was used to measure the metal ions concentrations. The modified bio-polymeric beads (Alg-CNF, Alg-CNC, and Alg-TPC-CNF) exhibited… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Synergistic Effect of Halloyosite Nanotube and Nanocellulose on Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Poly (Ethylmethacrylate-co-Acrylonitrile) Bionanocomposites

    Karima Ben Hamou1,2,*, Amal Kadimi1, Remo Merijs Meri3, Sergei Gaidukov3, Hamid Kaddami1, Mustapha Raihane1, Mouhamed Lahcini1, Fouad Erchiqui2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.8, No.3, pp. 301-317, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2020.08141

    Abstract This work reports a comprehensive study on poly (Ethylmethacrylateco-Acrylonitrile) Poly(EMA-AN) nanocomposites reinforced with a hybrid mixture of nanoreiforcements based on nanocrystals of cellulose (NCC) (1 or 5% wt) and halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) (1 or 5% wt). The morphology, thermal and mechanical properties of these nanocomposites were characterized. Homogeneous dispersion of the nanofillers has been shown by scanning electron microscopy. A significant increase of the rubbery modulus and glass transition temperature were obtained upon filler addition, due to the reduction of mobility of the matrix macromolecular chains. On the other hand, compared with the neat Poly(EMAAN), the storage modulus of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mapping of the Brazilian Groups Studying Nanocellulose

    Asaph Armando Jacinto*, Márcia Aparecida da Silva Spinacé*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.5, pp. 429-440, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.04427

    Abstract The nanocellulose is a material that has gained much attention in the recent years. So, the relevance of Brazil in this field was evaluated concerning the scientific publications in Web of Science. Next, the Brazilian groups were mapped using a bibliometric procedure on these data. Then, more factors were analyzed from them too. They were the sources to extract the nanocellulose in Brazil, the methods to do it, the characterizations to determine its dimensions and the funding agencies of these researches. The results identified 69 Brazilian groups. Besides, the bacterial cellulose was the most common source. While the acid hydrolysis… More >

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