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  • Open Access


    Research Progress on Plant Anti-Freeze Proteins

    Zhengyang Zhang#, Weixue Liu#, Yinran Huang*, Ping Li*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.6, pp. 1263-1274, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.050755

    Abstract Plant antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are special proteins that can protect plant cells from ice crystal damage in low-temperature environments, and they play a crucial role in the process of plants adapting to cold environments. Proteins with these characteristics have been found in fish living in cold regions, as well as many plants and insects. Although research on plant AFPs started relatively late, their application prospects are broad, leading to the attention of many researchers to the isolation, cloning, and genetic improvement of plant AFP genes. Studies have found that the distribution of AFPs in different species… More >

  • Open Access


    A Data Intrusion Tolerance Model Based on an Improved Evolutionary Game Theory for the Energy Internet

    Song Deng1,*, Yiming Yuan2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 3679-3697, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.052008

    Abstract Malicious attacks against data are unavoidable in the interconnected, open and shared Energy Internet (EI), Intrusion tolerant techniques are critical to the data security of EI. Existing intrusion tolerant techniques suffered from problems such as low adaptability, policy lag, and difficulty in determining the degree of tolerance. To address these issues, we propose a novel adaptive intrusion tolerance model based on game theory that enjoys two-fold ideas: 1) it constructs an improved replica of the intrusion tolerance model of the dynamic equation evolution game to induce incentive weights; and 2) it combines a tournament competition More >

  • Open Access


    Provoking Buying Behaviors Amid Crises: Unfolding the Underlying Mechanisms of Psychological Impairments

    Muhammad Waleed Ayub Ghouri1, Guofeng Wang2, Muhammad Ali Hussain3, Zhisheng Li1,*, Tachia Chin1

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.4, pp. 279-292, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2024.044759

    Abstract Crises in the past have caused devastating, long-lasting impacts on the global economy. The after-effects always bring some dynamic and rigorous challenges for businesses and governments. Such challenges have always been a point of discussion for scholars. The recent COVID-19 pandemic emaciated the global economy, leaving everyone mired in uncertainty, fear, and psychological impairments. One of the headwind features utilized by consumers during pandemic was panic buying (PB), which must be explored in various contexts for policymakers and practitioners. To address this gap, this study deployed a moderated mediation mechanism, integrating the health belief model… More >

  • Open Access


    A Fault-Tolerant Mobility-Aware Caching Method in Edge Computing

    Yong Ma1, Han Zhao2, Kunyin Guo3,*, Yunni Xia3,*, Xu Wang4, Xianhua Niu5, Dongge Zhu6, Yumin Dong7

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 907-927, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048759

    Abstract Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) is a technology designed for the on-demand provisioning of computing and storage services, strategically positioned close to users. In the MEC environment, frequently accessed content can be deployed and cached on edge servers to optimize the efficiency of content delivery, ultimately enhancing the quality of the user experience. However, due to the typical placement of edge devices and nodes at the network’s periphery, these components may face various potential fault tolerance challenges, including network instability, device failures, and resource constraints. Considering the dynamic nature of MEC, making high-quality content caching decisions… More >

  • Open Access


    SiRAP2-12, a Positive Regulatory Factor, Effectively Improves the Waterlogging Tolerance of Foxtail Millet (Setaria italica)

    Xueyan Xia1,#, Xiaohong Fu2,#, Yu Zhao1, Jihan Cui1, Nuoya Xiao1, Jingxin Wang1, Yiwei Lu1, Meihong Huang1, Cheng Chu1, Jia Zhang2, Mengxin Yang2, Shunguo Li1,*, Jianfeng Liu2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 445-465, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.048273

    Abstract Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) growth was inhibited because of waterlogging stress, which has caused yield reduction. ERF family plays an important role to plant adversity tolerance. In our study, we obtained 19,819 differential expressed genes (DEGs) between the two treatments based on the RNA-seq sequencing of foxtail millet of waterlogging stress. Furthermore, a total of 28 ERF family members were obtained, which have a complete open reading frame. We studied the evolution and function of SiERF family and how they affected the waterlogging tolerance. It was found that SiERF1A/B/C (GenBank ID: OR775217, OR775219, OR775218) and SiRAP2-12 (GenBank… More >

  • Open Access


    Application of Polygonum minus Extract in Enhancing Drought Tolerance in Maize by Regulating Osmotic and Antioxidant System

    Mingzhao Han1, Susilawati Kasim1,*, Zhongming Yang2, Xi Deng2, Md Kamal Uddin1, Noor Baity Saidi3, Effyanti Mohd Shuib1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.2, pp. 213-226, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.047150

    Abstract Drought stress is a major factor affecting plant growth and crop yield production. Plant extracts as natural biostimulants hold great potential to strengthen plants to overcome drought impacts. To explore the effect of Polygonum minus extract (PME) in enhancing drought tolerance in plants, a study was set up in a glasshouse environment using 10 different treatment combinations. PME foliar application were designed in CRD and effects were closely observed related to the growth, physiology, and antioxidant system changes in maize (Zea mays L.) under well-watered and drought conditions. The seaweed extract (SWE) was used as a comparison.… More >

  • Open Access


    Emerging Trends in Damage Tolerance Assessment: A Review of Smart Materials and Self-Repairable Structures

    Ali Akbar Firoozi1,*, Ali Asghar Firoozi2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 1-18, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.044573

    Abstract The discipline of damage tolerance assessment has experienced significant advancements due to the emergence of smart materials and self-repairable structures. This review offers a comprehensive look into both traditional and innovative methodologies employed in damage tolerance assessment. After a detailed exploration of damage tolerance concepts and their historical progression, the review juxtaposes the proven techniques of damage assessment with the cutting-edge innovations brought about by smart materials and self-repairable structures. The subsequent sections delve into the synergistic integration of smart materials with self-repairable structures, marking a pivotal stride in damage tolerance by establishing an autonomous More >

  • Open Access


    Etude exploratoire de l’intolérance à l’incertitude et de ses processus cognitifs par la tâche du Stroop chez les parents d’un enfant en rémission de cancer

    Marie Vander Haegen*, Anne-Marie Etienne

    Psycho-Oncologie, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 257-266, 2023, DOI:10.32604/po.2023.043340

    Abstract Introduction. Aucune étude n’a examiné le lien entre le facteur d’intolérance à l’incertitude et ses effets sur les processus cognitifs de parents d’un enfant en rémission d’un cancer. L’intolérance à l’incertitude est un facteur central dans le trouble anxieux généralisé; trouble anxieux où l’on observe également un traitement altéré de l’information cognitive sous forme de biais cognitifs. L’objectif de l’étude est de mesurer via une tâche de Stroop test classique et de Stroop test émotionnel, l’orientation de l’attention sélective en lien avec le facteur d’intolérance à l’incertitude. Méthodes. Soixante et un parents d’un enfant en rémission… More >

  • Open Access


    Relationships between Features of Emerging Adulthood, Situated Decisions toward Physical Activity, and Physical Activity among College Students: The Moderating Role of Exercise-Intensity Tolerance

    Jinghua Chen1,#, Zihe Wang2,#, Fabian Herold3, Alyx Taylor4, Jin Kuang1, Ting Wang1, Arthur F. Kramer5,6, Liye Zou1,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1209-1217, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030539

    Abstract A significant portion of emerging adults do not achieve recommended levels of physical activity (PA). Previous studies observed associations between features of emerging adulthood and PA levels, while the potential psychological mechanisms that might explain this phenomenon are not fully understood. In this context, there is some evidence that situated decisions toward physical activity (SDPA) and exercise-intensity tolerance might influence PA level. To provide empirical support for this assumption, the current study investigated whether (i) features of emerging adulthood are linked to SDPA, which, in turn, might affect PA engagement; (ii) exercise-intensity tolerance moderate the… More >

  • Open Access


    CF-BFT: A Dual-Mode Byzantine Fault-Tolerant Protocol Based on Node Authentication

    Zhiruo Zhang, Feng Wang*, Yang Liu, Yang Lu, Xinlei Liu

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 3113-3129, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040600

    Abstract The consensus protocol is one of the core technologies in blockchain, which plays a crucial role in ensuring the block generation rate, consistency, and safety of the blockchain system. Blockchain systems mainly adopt the Byzantine Fault Tolerance (BFT) protocol, which often suffers from slow consensus speed and high communication consumption to prevent Byzantine nodes from disrupting the consensus. In this paper, this paper proposes a new dual-mode consensus protocol based on node identity authentication. It divides the consensus process into two subprotocols: Check_BFT and Fast_BFT. In Check_BFT, the replicas authenticate the primary’s identity by monitoring… More >

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