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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Recognition System for Diagnosing Pneumonia and Bronchitis Using Children’s Breathing Sounds Based on Transfer Learning

    Jianying Shi1, Shengchao Chen1, Benguo Yu2, Yi Ren3,*, Guanjun Wang1,4,*, Chenyang Xue5

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 3235-3258, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.041392

    Abstract Respiratory infections in children increase the risk of fatal lung disease, making effective identification and analysis of breath sounds essential. However, most studies have focused on adults ignoring pediatric patients whose lungs are more vulnerable due to an imperfect immune system, and the scarcity of medical data has limited the development of deep learning methods toward reliability and high classification accuracy. In this work, we collected three types of breath sounds from children with normal (120 recordings), bronchitis (120 recordings), and pneumonia (120 recordings) at the posterior chest position using an off-the-shelf 3M electronic stethoscope.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    State Accurate Representation and Performance Prediction Algorithm Optimization for Industrial Equipment Based on Digital Twin

    Ying Bai1,*, Xiaoti Ren2, Hong Li1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 2999-3018, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.040124

    Abstract The combination of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and digital twin (DT) technology makes it possible for the DT model to realize the dynamic perception of equipment status and performance. However, conventional digital modeling is weak in the fusion and adjustment ability between virtual and real information. The performance prediction based on experience greatly reduces the inclusiveness and accuracy of the model. In this paper, a DT-IIoT optimization model is proposed to improve the real-time representation and prediction ability of the key equipment state. Firstly, a global real-time feedback and the dynamic adjustment mechanism… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Developing a Breast Cancer Resistance Protein Substrate Prediction System Using Deep Features and LDA

    Mehdi Hassan1,2, Safdar Ali3, Jin Young Kim2,*, Muhammad Sanaullah4, Hani Alquhayz5, Khushbakht Safdar6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1643-1663, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038578

    Abstract Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) is an important resistance protein that significantly impacts anticancer drug discovery, treatment, and rehabilitation. Early identification of BCRP substrates is quite a challenging task. This study aims to predict early substrate structure, which can help to optimize anticancer drug development and clinical diagnosis. For this study, a novel intelligent approach-based methodology is developed by modifying the ResNet101 model using transfer learning (TL) for automatic deep feature (DF) extraction followed by classification with linear discriminant analysis algorithm (TLRNDF-LDA). This study utilized structural fingerprints, which are exploited by DF contrary to conventional More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Seeded Transfer Learning for Enhanced Attack Trace and Effective Deception

    Jalaj Pateria1,*, Laxmi Ahuja1, Subhranil Som2

    Journal of Cyber Security, Vol.4, No.4, pp. 223-238, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jcs.2023.040186

    Abstract Cyberattacks have reached their peak during COVID-19, and intruders urge to gain the upper hand in the cybersecurity battlefield, even gaining dominance. Now intruders are trying harder to elude behavior analysis techniques, which in turn gets organization security to come for a toss. This phenomenon is even more prevalent in agentless environments (IOT devices, mobile devices), where we do not have any access to edge devices and rely on packet data to predict any attack and its actors. In this paper, we shall be discussing enhancing the accuracy of anomalous behavior detection techniques for efficient… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Transductive Transfer Dictionary Learning Algorithm for Remote Sensing Image Classification

    Jiaqun Zhu1, Hongda Chen2, Yiqing Fan1, Tongguang Ni1,2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.3, pp. 2267-2283, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.027709

    Abstract To create a green and healthy living environment, people have put forward higher requirements for the refined management of ecological resources. A variety of technologies, including satellite remote sensing, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, and big data, can build a smart environmental monitoring system. Remote sensing image classification is an important research content in ecological environmental monitoring. Remote sensing images contain rich spatial information and multi-temporal information, but also bring challenges such as difficulty in obtaining classification labels and low classification accuracy. To solve this problem, this study develops a transductive transfer dictionary learning (TTDL)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Sand Cat Swarm Optimization with Deep Transfer Learning for Skin Cancer Classification

    C. S. S. Anupama1, Saud Yonbawi2, G. Jose Moses3, E. Laxmi Lydia4, Seifedine Kadry5,6,7, Jungeun Kim8,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2079-2095, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.038322

    Abstract Skin cancer is one of the most dangerous cancer. Because of the high melanoma death rate, skin cancer is divided into non-melanoma and melanoma. The dermatologist finds it difficult to identify skin cancer from dermoscopy images of skin lesions. Sometimes, pathology and biopsy examinations are required for cancer diagnosis. Earlier studies have formulated computer-based systems for detecting skin cancer from skin lesion images. With recent advancements in hardware and software technologies, deep learning (DL) has developed as a potential technique for feature learning. Therefore, this study develops a new sand cat swarm optimization with a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Robust Deep Learning Model for Black Fungus Detection Based on Gabor Filter and Transfer Learning

    Esraa Hassan1, Fatma M. Talaat1, Samah Adel2, Samir Abdelrazek3, Ahsan Aziz4, Yunyoung Nam4,*, Nora El-Rashidy1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1507-1525, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037493

    Abstract Black fungus is a rare and dangerous mycology that usually affects the brain and lungs and could be life-threatening in diabetic cases. Recently, some COVID-19 survivors, especially those with co-morbid diseases, have been susceptible to black fungus. Therefore, recovered COVID-19 patients should seek medical support when they notice mucormycosis symptoms. This paper proposes a novel ensemble deep-learning model that includes three pre-trained models: reset (50), VGG (19), and Inception. Our approach is medically intuitive and efficient compared to the traditional deep learning models. An image dataset was aggregated from various resources and divided into two More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Hybrid Model Based on Machine and Deep Learning Techniques for the Classification of Microalgae

    Volkan Kaya1, İsmail Akgül1, Özge Zencir Tanır2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.9, pp. 2519-2534, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029811

    Abstract Classification and monitoring of microalgae species in aquatic ecosystems are important for understanding population dynamics. However, manual classification of algae is a time-consuming method and requires a lot of effort with expertise due to the large number of families and genera in its classification. The recognition of microalgae species has become an increasingly important research area in image recognition in recent years. In this study, machine learning and deep learning methods were proposed to classify images of 12 different microalgae species in order to successfully classify algae cells. 8 Different novel models (MobileNetV3Small-Lr, MobileNetV3SmallRf, MobileNetV3Small-Xg,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Cross-Domain TSK Fuzzy System Based on Semi-Supervised Learning for Epilepsy Classification

    Zaihe Cheng1, Yuwen Tao2, Xiaoqing Gu3, Yizhang Jiang2, Pengjiang Qian2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.2, pp. 1613-1633, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.027708

    Abstract Through semi-supervised learning and knowledge inheritance, a novel Takagi-Sugeno-Kang (TSK) fuzzy system framework is proposed for epilepsy data classification in this study. The new method is based on the maximum mean discrepancy (MMD) method and TSK fuzzy system, as a basic model for the classification of epilepsy data. First, for medical data, the interpretability of TSK fuzzy systems can ensure that the prediction results are traceable and safe. Second, in view of the deviation in the data distribution between the real source domain and the target domain, MMD is used to measure the distance between… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Predicting Lumbar Spondylolisthesis: A Hybrid Deep Learning Approach

    Deepika Saravagi1, Shweta Agrawal2,*, Manisha Saravagi3, Sanjiv K. Jain4, Bhisham Sharma5, Abolfazl Mehbodniya6,*, Subrata Chowdhury7, Julian L. Webber6

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 2133-2151, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.039836

    Abstract Spondylolisthesis is a chronic disease, and a timely diagnosis of it may help in avoiding surgery. Disease identification in x-ray radiographs is very challenging. Strengthening the feature extraction tool in VGG16 has improved the classification rate. But the fully connected layers of VGG16 are not efficient at capturing the positional structure of an object in images. Capsule network (CapsNet) works with capsules (neuron clusters) rather than a single neuron to grasp the properties of the provided image to match the pattern. In this study, an integrated model that is a combination of VGG16 and CapsNet… More >

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