Home / Journals / SDHM / Vol.1, No.4, 2005
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Cohesive Strength and Separation Energy as Characteristic Parameters of Fracture Toughness and Their Relation to Micromechanics

    W. Brocks1
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.1, No.4, pp. 233-244, 2005, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2005.001.233
    Abstract A review on phenomenological fracture criteria is given, based on the energy balance for cracked bodies, and the respective toughness parameters are related to micromechanical processes. Griffith's idea of introducing a "surface energy" and Barenblatt's concept of a "process zone" ahead of the crack tip build the foundation of modern cohesive models, which have become versatile tools for numerical simulations of crack extension. The cohesive strength and the separation energy used as phenomenological material parameters in these models appear to represent a physically significant characterisation of "fracture toughness". Micromechanical interpretations of these parameters can be derived, depending on the specific… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fatigue Resistance of AA2024-T4 Friction Stir welding Joints: Influence of Process Parameters

    L. Fratini1, S. Pasta2
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.1, No.4, pp. 245-252, 2005, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2005.001.245
    Abstract In the last years friction stir welding (FSW) has reached a quite large diffusion in the welding of aluminium alloys, difficult to be welded with traditional technologies. The objective of this investigation was to investigate the influence of FSW process parameters on the fatigue strength of the developed joints. Moreover, in order to improvement the strength of joint, the effect of a post-welding treatment has been highlighted; what is more a surface finish treatment has been developed with the aim to eliminate the stress concentration caused by welding process on the surface of the joints. Finally, the fracture locations have… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fatigue Crack Growth Behaviour of Nitrided and Shot Peened Specimens

    C. Colombo1, M. Guagliano1,2, L. Vergani1
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.1, No.4, pp. 253-266, 2005, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2005.001.253
    Abstract In this paper the fatigue crack growth properties of a nitrided and shot-peened steel is dealt with: different peening intensities were considered and the resulting residual stresses measured by means of an X-ray diffractometer. Rotating bending fatigue tests were executed on specimens including a blind micro hole, acting as a pre-existent crack. The fracture surface of broken specimens was observed with a SEM to detect the crack growth initiation point. The run-out specimens were broken after the test and the presence of non-propagating cracks detected. The results allowed to determine the propagation threshold of the nitrided and shot peened material. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fatigue Resistance of Thin Hard Coated Spur Gears

    S. Baragetti1, A. Terranova2
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.1, No.4, pp. 267-276, 2005, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2005.001.267
    Abstract Aim of this work is to investigate into the possibility of enhancing the fatigue resistance of CrN PVD coated components. In particular PVD coated spur gears were tested and numerical simulation of crack propagation was carried out. The coating layer micro-hardness and the residual stresses characterising the surface film were measured and the obtained results were introduced in a numerical modelling predicting fatigue life procedure of coated gears used in gearboxes for automotive applications. The number of cycles necessary to reach specified crack depths of coated and uncoated samples was numerically determined and represents a powerful tool to predict fatigue… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Frequency Method for Fatigue Life Estimation of Mechanical Components under Bimodal Random Stress Process

    C. Braccesi1, F. Cianetti1, G. Lori1, D. Pioli1
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.1, No.4, pp. 277-290, 2005, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2005.001.277
    Abstract This paper describes an original frequency method for fatigue life estimation of mechanical components subjected to random inputs. Currently mechanical components life design under random loads is an important task of the research, due to the increasing importance of virtual simulation in opposition to the experimental tests. The frequency domain approach, in this context, seems to be able to supply reliable estimations with small computational effort. The proposed method belongs to the class of corrective coefficient to narrow-band formula methods and it has been thought for bimodal PSDs. The definition of the generalized bimodal processes and the research of the… More >

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