Home / Journals / SDHM / Vol.6, No.3&4, 2010
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Facts and Effects to be Considered when Validating 2D and 3D UD Composite Failure Conditions - experiences from participation in the World-Wide-Failure-Exercise

    R. G. Cuntze1
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.6, No.3&4, pp. 123-160, 2010, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2010.006.123
    Abstract The paper deals with the validation of 2D and 3D failure conditions of unidirectional (UD) composites composed of endless fibres and thermoset matrices. The generation of these failure conditions is shortly described and then applied to test cases of the World-Wide-Failure-Exercises WWFE-I and II, organized by Qinetic in the past 20 years. The derivation of the conditions for the brittle fracture failure experiencing UD lamina material was based on the author's so-called Failure Mode Concept (FMC) which basically builds up on the hypotheses of Beltrami and Mohr-Coulomb. The generally applicable FMC is applied here to UD material. Essential topics of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental and Numerical Investigation of 3D Mixed-Mode Crack Problems in Structures

    H.A. Richard1, M. Fulland2, G. Kullmer1, N.-H. Schirmeisen1
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.6, No.3&4, pp. 161-188, 2010, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2010.006.161
    Abstract Fracture processes in real structures are in many cases of a three dimensional (3D) character. In this paper some basic problems of 3D-fracture processes are considered and discussed, in particular for general mixed-mode loading conditions, when modes I and II and III are superimposed. For experimental investigations an AFM-specimen is under consideration, while numerical simulations are carried out with the program ADAPCRACK3D. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification of Material Parameters for Structural Analyses

    W. Brocks1, I. Scheider2
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.6, No.3&4, pp. 189-212, 2010, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2010.006.189
    Abstract Material parameters are adjustable coefficients in constitutive equations of the mechanical behaviour. Their identification requires a combined experimental and numerical approach, which results in a generally ill-posed inverse problem. Methods commonly applied in computational mechanics like optimisation and neural networks are addressed, and problems like sensitivity, uniqueness and stability are discussed. The cohesive model for describing ductile tearing is chosen as practical example to substantiate the general considerations. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Crack Growth Modeling for Mixed-mode Problems

    A.P.Cisilino1, M.H. Aliabadi2
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.6, No.3&4, pp. 213-238, 2010, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2010.006.213
    Abstract This paper presents a review of the dual boundary element method for modeling crack growth in two-dimensional and three-dimensional mixed mode problems. The modeling strategy for crack coalescence using the DBEM is presented and comparisons are made with alternative solutions where available. Also presented are three-dimensional multiple crack growth and microcrack growth problems. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Efficient Fracture Analysis of 2D Crack Problems by the MVCCI Method

    H. Theilig1
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.6, No.3&4, pp. 239-272, 2010, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2010.006.239
    Abstract The aim of this paper is to give an overview to some problems and solutions of the fracture analysis of 2D structures. It will be shown that the common computer-aided two-dimensional fatigue crack path simulation can be considerably improved in accuracy by using a predictor-corrector procedure in combination with the modified virtual crack closure integral (MVCCI) method. Furthermore the paper presents an improved finite element technique for the calculation of stress intensity factors of mixed mode problems by the MVCCI Method. The procedure is devised to compute the separated strain energy release rates by using the convergence of two separate… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fracture Behavior in AFM-Specimen with Single Crack under Different Loading Conditions

    Qing-fen Li1, Li Zhu1, Shi-fan Zhu1, F-G Buchholz1
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.6, No.3&4, pp. 273-288, 2010, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2010.006.273
    Abstract The fracture behavior in all fracture mode (AFM)-specimen with a single edged crack under different loading conditions is investigated by the aid of the commercial ANSYS code. The separated strain energy release rates (SERRs) along the crack front are calculated by the modified virtual crack closure integral (MVCCI)-method. It is shown that the computational results of the AFM-specimen are in good agreement with some available findings for pure mode I, mode II, mode III, and mixed-mode I+III loading conditions. Furthermore, the crack growth problems under complex mixed-mode II+III loading condition by using the AFM-specimen, are investigated and results show that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Closure Effect Evaluation of Surface Crack Growth under Cyclic Bending using S-FEM

    Masanori Kikuchi1, Kazuhiro Suga1
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.6, No.3&4, pp. 289-304, 2010, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2010.006.289
    Abstract Crack closure effect on interaction of two surface crack growth processes by fatigue is studied. At first, change of C value in Paris' law along crack front of single surface crack is measured experimentally. It is shown that C value decreases near specimen surface. Crack closure effect is studied numerically for a surface crack by elastic-plastic cyclic analyses. It is found that closure effect appears more strongly near specimen surface than the maximum-depth point. By determining effective stress intensity factor including closure effect, it is shown that change of C value is equal to the change of closure effect along… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Propagation of Cracks in Selected Specimens Subject to Mixed-Mode

    G. Dhondt1, D. Bremberg2
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.6, No.3&4, pp. 305-328, 2010, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2010.006.305
    Abstract In a previous article the K-distritubion along the crack front of several mixed-mode specimens was investigated [Dhondt, Chergui, and Buchholz (2001)]. Both the modified virtual crack closure integral method and the quarter point element stress field method yielded results close to the available reference solutions in the literature [Murakami (1987)]. The present paper extends these results in two aspects. First, the meshing procedure used to obtain a focused mesh at the crack front is modified in order to deal with highly curved cracks. Secondly, the K-distribution along the initial crack is used to perform a crack propagation calculation. The form… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Transient coupled thermoelastic crack analysis in functionally graded materials1

    A.V. Ekhlakov2, O.M. Khay2, Ch. Zhang2, J. Sladek3, V. Sladek3
    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.6, No.3&4, pp. 329-350, 2010, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2010.006.329
    Abstract In this paper, transient crack analysis in two-dimensional, isotropic, continuously non-homo -ge -neous and linear elastic functionally graded materials is presented. A boundary-domain element method based on boundary-domain integral representations is developed. The Laplace-transform technique is utilized to eliminate the dependence on time. Laplace-transformed fundamental solutions of linear coupled thermoelasticity for isotropic, homogeneous and linear elastic solids are applied to derive boundary-domain integral equations. The numerical implementation is performed by using a collocation method for the spatial discretization. The time-dependent numerical solutions are obtained by the Stehfest's inversion algorithm. For an edge crack in a finite domain under thermal shock,… More >

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