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  • Study of the Superficial Modification of Sisal Fibres with Lignin, and Its Use As a Reinforcement Agent in Cementitious Composites
  • Abstract The objective of this work was to evaluate different superficial treatments of sisal fibres employing lignin, and their use as a reinforcement agent in cementitious composites. The treatments consisted of superficially impregnating sisal fibres (S) with organosolv lignin (LO), organosolv lignin and glutaraldehyde (LOG), Kraft lignin (LK) and Kraft lignin and glutaraldehyde (LKG). The fibre modifications were verified by FTIR-ATR and SEM analyzes, and the presence of lignin on the surface of the fibres was evidenced, confirming the effectiveness of the treatments. The mechanical, thermal (by TGA) and water absorption properties of the fibres before and after the modifications were…
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  • Decorative Wood Fiber/High-Density Polyethylene Composite with Canvas or Polyester Fabric
  • Abstract Wood-plastic composite is an environmentally friendly material, due to its use of recycled thermoplastics and plant fibers. However, its surface lacks attractive aesthetic qualities. In this paper, a method of decorating wood fiber/ high-density polyethylene (WF/HDPE) without adding adhesive was explored. Canvas or polyester fabrics were selected as the surface decoration materials. The influence of hot-pressing temperature and WF/HDPE ratio on the adhesion was studied. The surface bonding strength, water resistance, and surface color were evaluated, and observation within the infrared spectrum and under scanning electron microscopy was used to analyze the bonding process. The results showed that the fabric…
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  • Docking and Molecular Dynamics Study of the Carbohydrate Binding Module from Trichoderma reesei Cel7A on the Surfaces of the Cellulose IIII Crystal
  • Abstract We report the systematic survey of the binding free energies at the interface between a carbohydrate binding module (CBM) of Cel7A and the cellulose IIII crystal model using grid docking searches and molecular dynamics simulations. The two hydrophobic crystal surfaces were involved in the distinct energy minima of the binding free energy. The complex models, each with the CBM at the minimum energy position, stably formed in the solution state. The binding free energies of the cellulose IIII complex models, based on both static and dynamics states, were comparable to those of the native cellulose complex models. However, the cellulose…
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  • On Designing Biopolymer-Bound Soil Composites (BSC) for Peak Compressive Strength
  • Abstract Biopolymer-bound Soil Composites (BSC), are a novel bio-based construction material class, produced through the mixture and desiccation of biopolymers with inorganic aggregates with applications in soil stabilization, brick creation and in situ construction on Earth and space. This paper introduces a mixture design methodology to produce maximum strength for a given soil-biopolymer combination. Twenty protein and sand mix designs were investigated, with varying amounts of biopolymer solution and compaction regimes during manufacture. The ultimate compressive strength, density, and shrinkage of BSC samples are reported. It is observed that the compressive strength of BSC materials increases proportional to tighter particle packing…
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  • Hierarchical Rigid Registration of Femur Surface Model Based on Anatomical Features
  • Abstract Existing model registration of individual bones does not have a high certainly of success due to the lack of anatomic semantic. In light of the surface anatomy and functional structure of bones, we hypothesized individual femur models would be aligned through feature points both in geometrical level and in anatomic level, and proposed a hierarchical approach for the rigid registration (HRR) of point cloud models of femur with high resolution. Firstly, a coarse registration between two simplified point cloud models was implemented based on the extraction of geometric feature points (GFPs); and then, according to the anatomic feature points (AFPs)…
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  • Meta-Analysis of the Relationship between Normal Tension Glaucoma, Open-Angle Glaucoma, and Fractional Pressure Reserve
  • Abstract Aim: To investigate the relationship between glaucoma and intraocular pressure (IOP), intracranial pressure (ICP), trans-laminar cribrosa pressure difference (TLCPD), and the newly proposed fractional pressure reserve (FPR). Methods: Ten articles were analyzed by meta-analysis, and subgroup analysis of three factors was conducted. Results: The patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG) and open-angle glaucoma (OAG) have higher TLCPD and lower ICP than healthy subjects, with obvious heterogeneity. The greater heterogeneity may arise from different ICP measurements and from different countries or regions. FPR performs better than TLCPD in some ways. Conclusion: Both FPR and TLCPD can be used as indicators of…
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  • Morphologies of Fibronectin Fibrils Formed under Shear Conditions and Their Cellular Adhesiveness Properties
  • Abstract Fibrillar fibronectin (FFN) is a biological active form of FN which form linear and branched meshwork around cells and support cellular activities. Previous studies have demonstrated that shear stress can induce cell-free FN fibrillogenesis. In this study, we further examined the effect of shear stress conditions on morphology of formed FFN and preliminarily looked for relationship between FFN’s morphology and cell adhesion. Plasma FN at 50 µg/ml was perfused through channel slides at shear rates of 500 s-1 or 4000 s-1. Our results showed that there were four FFN structures formed: (1) FN nodules, (2) fibril in different sizes (3)…
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