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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dataset of Large Gathering Images for Person Identification and Tracking

    Adnan Nadeem1,*, Amir Mehmood2, Kashif Rizwan3, Muhammad Ashraf4, Nauman Qadeer3, Ali Alzahrani1, Qammer H. Abbasi5, Fazal Noor1, Majed Alhaisoni6, Nadeem Mahmood7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 6065-6080, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035012

    Abstract This paper presents a large gathering dataset of images extracted from publicly filmed videos by 24 cameras installed on the premises of Masjid Al-Nabvi, Madinah, Saudi Arabia. This dataset consists of raw and processed images reflecting a highly challenging and unconstraint environment. The methodology for building the dataset consists of four core phases; that include acquisition of videos, extraction of frames, localization of face regions, and cropping and resizing of detected face regions. The raw images in the dataset consist of a total of 4613 frames obtained from video sequences. The processed images in the dataset consist of the face… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Automatic Threshold Selection Using ALO for Healthcare Duplicate Record Detection with Reciprocal Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System

    Ala Saleh Alluhaidan1,*, Pushparaj2, Anitha Subbappa3, Ved Prakash Mishra4, P. V. Chandrika5, Anurika Vaish6, Sarthak Sengupta6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 5821-5836, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033995

    Abstract ESystems based on EHRs (Electronic health records) have been in use for many years and their amplified realizations have been felt recently. They still have been pioneering collections of massive volumes of health data. Duplicate detections involve discovering records referring to the same practical components, indicating tasks, which are generally dependent on several input parameters that experts yield. Record linkage specifies the issue of finding identical records across various data sources. The similarity existing between two records is characterized based on domain-based similarity functions over different features. De-duplication of one dataset or the linkage of multiple data sets has become… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Feature-Limited Prediction on the UCI Heart Disease Dataset

    Khadijah Mohammad Alfadli, Alaa Omran Almagrabi*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 5871-5883, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033603

    Abstract Heart diseases are the undisputed leading causes of death globally. Unfortunately, the conventional approach of relying solely on the patient’s medical history is not enough to reliably diagnose heart issues. Several potentially indicative factors exist, such as abnormal pulse rate, high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, etc. Manually analyzing these health signals’ interactions is challenging and requires years of medical training and experience. Therefore, this work aims to harness machine learning techniques that have proved helpful for data-driven applications in the rise of the artificial intelligence era. More specifically, this paper builds a hybrid model as a tool for data… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Gait Image Classification Using Deep Learning Models for Medical Diagnosis

    Pavitra Vasudevan1, R. Faerie Mattins1, S. Srivarshan1, Ashvath Narayanan1, Gayatri Wadhwani1, R. Parvathi1, R. Maheswari2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 6039-6063, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.032331

    Abstract Gait refers to a person’s particular movements and stance while moving around. Although each person’s gait is unique and made up of a variety of tiny limb orientations and body positions, they all have common characteristics that help to define normalcy. Swiftly identifying such characteristics that are difficult to spot by the naked eye, can help in monitoring the elderly who require constant care and support. Analyzing silhouettes is the easiest way to assess and make any necessary adjustments for a smooth gait. It also becomes an important aspect of decision-making while analyzing and monitoring the progress of a patient… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Arabic Optical Character Recognition: A Review

    Salah Alghyaline*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.135, No.3, pp. 1825-1861, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.024555

    Abstract This study aims to review the latest contributions in Arabic Optical Character Recognition (OCR) during the last decade, which helps interested researchers know the existing techniques and extend or adapt them accordingly. The study describes the characteristics of the Arabic language, different types of OCR systems, different stages of the Arabic OCR system, the researcher’s contributions in each step, and the evaluation metrics for OCR. The study reviews the existing datasets for the Arabic OCR and their characteristics. Additionally, this study implemented some preprocessing and segmentation stages of Arabic OCR. The study compares the performance of the existing methods in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Reducing Dataset Specificity for Deepfakes Using Ensemble Learning

    Qaiser Abbas1, Turki Alghamdi1, Yazed Alsaawy1, Tahir Alyas2,*, Ali Alzahrani1, Khawar Iqbal Malik3, Saira Bibi4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 4261-4276, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034482

    Abstract The emergence of deep fake videos in recent years has made image falsification a real danger. A person’s face and emotions are deep-faked in a video or speech and are substituted with a different face or voice employing deep learning to analyze speech or emotional content. Because of how clever these videos are frequently, Manipulation is challenging to spot. Social media are the most frequent and dangerous targets since they are weak outlets that are open to extortion or slander a human. In earlier times, it was not so easy to alter the videos, which required expertise in the domain… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Intelligence Computational Approach for the Fractional 4D Chaotic Financial Model

    Wajaree Weera1, Thongchai Botmart1,*, Charuwat Chantawat1, Zulqurnain Sabir2,3, Waleed Adel4,5, Muhammad Asif Zahoor Raja6, Muhammad Kristiawan7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 2711-2724, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033233

    Abstract The main purpose of the study is to present a numerical approach to investigate the numerical performances of the fractional 4-D chaotic financial system using a stochastic procedure. The stochastic procedures mainly depend on the combination of the artificial neural network (ANNs) along with the Levenberg-Marquardt Backpropagation (LMB) i.e., ANNs-LMB technique. The fractional-order term is defined in the Caputo sense and three cases are solved using the proposed technique for different values of the fractional order α. The values of the fractional order derivatives to solve the fractional 4-D chaotic financial system are used between 0 and 1. The data… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hybrid Grey Wolf and Dipper Throated Optimization in Network Intrusion Detection Systems

    Reem Alkanhel1,*, Doaa Sami Khafaga2, El-Sayed M. El-kenawy3, Abdelaziz A. Abdelhamid4,5, Abdelhameed Ibrahim6, Rashid Amin7, Mostafa Abotaleb8, B. M. El-den6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 2695-2709, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033153

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) is a modern approach that enables connection with a wide variety of devices remotely. Due to the resource constraints and open nature of IoT nodes, the routing protocol for low power and lossy (RPL) networks may be vulnerable to several routing attacks. That’s why a network intrusion detection system (NIDS) is needed to guard against routing assaults on RPL-based IoT networks. The imbalance between the false and valid attacks in the training set degrades the performance of machine learning employed to detect network attacks. Therefore, we propose in this paper a novel approach to balance… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hybrid Dipper Throated and Grey Wolf Optimization for Feature Selection Applied to Life Benchmark Datasets

    Doaa Sami Khafaga1, El-Sayed M. El-kenawy2,3, Faten Khalid Karim1,*, Mostafa Abotaleb4, Abdelhameed Ibrahim5, Abdelaziz A. Abdelhamid6,7, D. L. Elsheweikh8

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 4531-4545, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033042

    Abstract Selecting the most relevant subset of features from a dataset is a vital step in data mining and machine learning. Each feature in a dataset has 2n possible subsets, making it challenging to select the optimum collection of features using typical methods. As a result, a new metaheuristics-based feature selection method based on the dipper-throated and grey-wolf optimization (DTO-GW) algorithms has been developed in this research. Instability can result when the selection of features is subject to metaheuristics, which can lead to a wide range of results. Thus, we adopted hybrid optimization in our method of optimizing, which allowed us… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Novel Optimized Feature Selection Using Metaheuristics Applied to Physical Benchmark Datasets

    Doaa Sami Khafaga1, El-Sayed M. El-kenawy2, Fadwa Alrowais1,*, Sunil Kumar3, Abdelhameed Ibrahim4, Abdelaziz A. Abdelhamid5,6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 4027-4041, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033039

    Abstract In data mining and machine learning, feature selection is a critical part of the process of selecting the optimal subset of features based on the target data. There are 2n potential feature subsets for every n features in a dataset, making it difficult to pick the best set of features using standard approaches. Consequently, in this research, a new metaheuristics-based feature selection technique based on an adaptive squirrel search optimization algorithm (ASSOA) has been proposed. When using metaheuristics to pick features, it is common for the selection of features to vary across runs, which can lead to instability. Because of… More >

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