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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Double-Branch Xception Architecture for Acute Hemorrhage Detection and Subtype Classification

    Muhammad Naeem Akram1, Muhammad Usman Yaseen1, Muhammad Waqar1, Muhammad Imran1,*, Aftab Hussain2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 3727-3744, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041855

    Abstract This study presents a deep learning model for efficient intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) detection and subtype classification on non-contrast head computed tomography (CT) images. ICH refers to bleeding in the skull, leading to the most critical life-threatening health condition requiring rapid and accurate diagnosis. It is classified as intra-axial hemorrhage (intraventricular, intraparenchymal) and extra-axial hemorrhage (subdural, epidural, subarachnoid) based on the bleeding location inside the skull. Many computer-aided diagnoses (CAD)-based schemes have been proposed for ICH detection and classification at both slice and scan levels. However, these approaches perform only binary classification and suffer from a large number of parameters, which… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Intelligent Secure Adversarial Examples Detection Scheme in Heterogeneous Complex Environments

    Weizheng Wang1,3, Xiangqi Wang2,*, Xianmin Pan1, Xingxing Gong3, Jian Liang3, Pradip Kumar Sharma4, Osama Alfarraj5, Wael Said6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 3859-3876, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041346

    Abstract Image-denoising techniques are widely used to defend against Adversarial Examples (AEs). However, denoising alone cannot completely eliminate adversarial perturbations. The remaining perturbations tend to amplify as they propagate through deeper layers of the network, leading to misclassifications. Moreover, image denoising compromises the classification accuracy of original examples. To address these challenges in AE defense through image denoising, this paper proposes a novel AE detection technique. The proposed technique combines multiple traditional image-denoising algorithms and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) network structures. The used detector model integrates the classification results of different models as the input to the detector and calculates the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Text Extraction with Optimal Bi-LSTM

    Bahera H. Nayef1,*, Siti Norul Huda Sheikh Abdullah2, Rossilawati Sulaiman2, Ashwaq Mukred Saeed3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 3549-3567, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039528

    Abstract Text extraction from images using the traditional techniques of image collecting, and pattern recognition using machine learning consume time due to the amount of extracted features from the images. Deep Neural Networks introduce effective solutions to extract text features from images using a few techniques and the ability to train large datasets of images with significant results. This study proposes using Dual Maxpooling and concatenating convolution Neural Networks (CNN) layers with the activation functions Relu and the Optimized Leaky Relu (OLRelu). The proposed method works by dividing the word image into slices that contain characters. Then pass them to deep… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improved Shark Smell Optimization Algorithm for Human Action Recognition

    Inzamam Mashood Nasir1,*, Mudassar Raza1, Jamal Hussain Shah1, Muhammad Attique Khan2, Yun-Cheol Nam3, Yunyoung Nam4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 2667-2684, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035214

    Abstract Human Action Recognition (HAR) in uncontrolled environments targets to recognition of different actions from a video. An effective HAR model can be employed for an application like human-computer interaction, health care, person tracking, and video surveillance. Machine Learning (ML) approaches, specifically, Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) models had been widely used and achieved impressive results through feature fusion. The accuracy and effectiveness of these models continue to be the biggest challenge in this field. In this article, a novel feature optimization algorithm, called improved Shark Smell Optimization (iSSO) is proposed to reduce the redundancy of extracted features. This proposed technique is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Activation Redistribution Based Hybrid Asymmetric Quantization Method of Neural Networks

    Lu Wei, Zhong Ma*, Chaojie Yang

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.1, pp. 981-1000, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.027085

    Abstract The demand for adopting neural networks in resource-constrained embedded devices is continuously increasing. Quantization is one of the most promising solutions to reduce computational cost and memory storage on embedded devices. In order to reduce the complexity and overhead of deploying neural networks on Integer-only hardware, most current quantization methods use a symmetric quantization mapping strategy to quantize a floating-point neural network into an integer network. However, although symmetric quantization has the advantage of easier implementation, it is sub-optimal for cases where the range could be skewed and not symmetric. This often comes at the cost of lower accuracy. This… More > Graphic Abstract

    Activation Redistribution Based Hybrid Asymmetric Quantization Method of Neural Networks

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Predicting Reliability and Remaining Useful Life of Rolling Bearings Based on Optimized Neural Networks

    Tiantian Liang*, Runze Wang, Xuxiu Zhang, Yingdong Wang, Jianxiong Yang

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.17, No.5, pp. 433-455, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.029331

    Abstract In this study, an optimized long short-term memory (LSTM) network is proposed to predict the reliability and remaining useful life (RUL) of rolling bearings based on an improved whale-optimized algorithm (IWOA). The multi-domain features are extracted to construct the feature dataset because the single-domain features are difficult to characterize the performance degeneration of the rolling bearing. To provide covariates for reliability assessment, a kernel principal component analysis is used to reduce the dimensionality of the features. A Weibull distribution proportional hazard model (WPHM) is used for the reliability assessment of rolling bearing, and a beluga whale optimization (BWO) algorithm is… More > Graphic Abstract

    Predicting Reliability and Remaining Useful Life of Rolling Bearings Based on Optimized Neural Networks

  • Open Access

    EDITORIAL

    Grad-CAM: Understanding AI Models

    Shuihua Wang1,2, Yudong Zhang2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1321-1324, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041419

    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hyper-Tuned Convolutional Neural Networks for Authorship Verification in Digital Forensic Investigations

    Asif Rahim1, Yanru Zhong2, Tariq Ahmad3,*, Sadique Ahmad4,*, Mohammed A. ElAffendi4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1947-1976, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039340

    Abstract Authorship verification is a crucial task in digital forensic investigations, where it is often necessary to determine whether a specific individual wrote a particular piece of text. Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) have shown promise in solving this problem, but their performance highly depends on the choice of hyperparameters. In this paper, we explore the effectiveness of hyperparameter tuning in improving the performance of CNNs for authorship verification. We conduct experiments using a Hyper Tuned CNN model with three popular optimization algorithms: Adaptive Moment Estimation (ADAM), Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD), and Root Mean Squared Propagation (RMSPROP). The model is trained and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Time-Varying Parameter Estimation Method for Physiological Models Based on Physical Information Neural Networks

    Jiepeng Yao1,2, Zhanjia Peng1,2, Jingjing Liu1,2, Chengxiao Fan1,2, Zhongyi Wang1,2,3, Lan Huang1,2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.3, pp. 2243-2265, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028101

    Abstract In the establishment of differential equations, the determination of time-varying parameters is a difficult problem, especially for equations related to life activities. Thus, we propose a new framework named BioE-PINN based on a physical information neural network that successfully obtains the time-varying parameters of differential equations. In the proposed framework, the learnable factors and scale parameters are used to implement adaptive activation functions, and hard constraints and loss function weights are skillfully added to the neural network output to speed up the training convergence and improve the accuracy of physical information neural networks. In this paper, taking the electrophysiological differential… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Robust Approach for Detection and Classification of KOA Based on BILSTM Network

    Abdul Qadir1, Rabbia Mahum1, Suliman Aladhadh2,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1365-1384, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037033

    Abstract A considerable portion of the population now experiences osteoarthritis of the knee, spine, and hip due to lifestyle changes. Therefore, early treatment, recognition and prevention are essential to reduce damage; nevertheless, this time-consuming activity necessitates a variety of tests and in-depth analysis by physicians. To overcome the existing challenges in the early detection of Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA), an effective automated technique, prompt recognition, and correct categorization are required. This work suggests a method based on an improved deep learning algorithm that makes use of data from the knee images after segmentation to detect KOA and its severity using the Kellgren-Lawrence… More >

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