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The implementation of China’s three-child fertility policy has led to a notable increase in multiple-child families. Notably, firstborn children experience a significant transition from being an only child to a non-only child. This transition is associated with problematic behaviors, affecting their social adjustment, sibling relationships, and family harmony. Although several studies have examined the relationship between parent-child attachment and problem behaviors exhibited by firstborn children during family transitions, the findings have been inconsistent. Hence, a meta-analytic study was undertaken to elucidate the inconsistencies in this relationship and explore the moderating factors that may contribute to these discrepancies. Using a systematic literature retrieval and screening method, 12 effect sizes were derived from the 10 eligible articles, encompassing a sample size of 5319. The meta-analysis demonstrated a low negative association between parent-child secure attachment and problem behaviors exhibited by firstborn children during family transitions. Furthermore, the present study investigates potential moderator factors, such as children’s age and geographic region, to gain a more nuanced understanding of the relationship. Consequently, the establishment of parent-child attachment relationships has the potential to mitigate problem behaviors observed in first-born children during family transitions. The implications of these findings indicate that parents can nurture secure attachment bonds with their children by demonstrating sensitive responsiveness, employing positive parenting practices, and fostering emotional availability. These efforts contribute to the cultivation of secure internal working models and positive behavioral manifestations within first-born children, which in turn affect their relationships with siblings.


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    REVIEW

    Relationship between Parent-Child Attachment and Problem Behaviors among Chinese Firstborn Children in Family Transitions: A Meta-Analysis

    Cong Liu1, Mohd Nazri Abdul Rahman1,*, Nur Eva2
    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1161-1172, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030324
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Social Stress, Adversity, and Mental Health in Transitional China)
    Abstract The implementation of China’s three-child fertility policy has led to a notable increase in multiple-child families. Notably, firstborn children experience a significant transition from being an only child to a non-only child. This transition is associated with problematic behaviors, affecting their social adjustment, sibling relationships, and family harmony. Although several studies have examined the relationship between parent-child attachment and problem behaviors exhibited by firstborn children during family transitions, the findings have been inconsistent. Hence, a meta-analytic study was undertaken to elucidate the inconsistencies in this relationship and explore the moderating factors that may contribute to these discrepancies. Using a systematic… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Serial Multiple Mediation of the Relationship between Positive Coping Style and Post-Traumatic Growth among Chinese College Students in the Aftermath of COVID-19

    Qi Li, Jinsheng Hu*, Peng Wan
    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1173-1186, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030343
    Abstract

    Given the ongoing character of COVID-19, higher-education students encountered multifaceted pressures brought about by the pandemic and had to overcome many difficulties during this period. Accordingly, it is imperative to identify the factors that may have protective effects on the social functioning and mental status of college students in the aftermath of COVID-19. This cross-sectional study sought to ascertain the internal mechanism of positive coping (PC) styles affecting post-traumatic growth (PTG) and considered the mediating roles of cognitive reappraisal (CR), psychological resilience (PR), and deliberate rumination (DR), which are essential for understanding how and to what extent these factors shaped… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Could Military Commanders’ Good Leadership Influence Subordinates’ Smartphone Overdependence? A Serial Mediation Analysis

    Seungju Hyun1, Xyle Ku1,2, Sungrok Kang1, Yoonyoung Choi1, Jaewon Ko1, Hyunyup Lee1,*
    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1187-1195, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030745
    Abstract Owing to the ubiquitous use of smartphones by soldiers, military researchers have an increasing interest in potentially problematic side effects such as smartphone overdependence. This raises a question regarding the psychological mechanisms underlying the potentially self-damaging use of smartphones. Here, we address this question by analyzing how heterogeneity in commander’s good leadership explains subordinate soldiers’ differences in self-control and smartphone use. Specifically, we found that subordinate soldiers who thought their commander's leadership was good were self-regulated, less dependent on smartphones, less stressed, and finally had good mental health. This result indicates that commander’s good leadership can be used to estimate… More >

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    ARTICLE

    The Effect of Sleep and Cognition Enhancement Multimodal Intervention for Mild Cognitive Impairment with Sleep Disturbance in the Community-Dwelling Elderly

    Eun Kyoung Han, Hae Kyoung Son*
    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1197-1208, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.041560
    Abstract Dementia prevalence has soared due to population aging. In Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) as a pre-dementia stage, sleep disturbances have raised much interest as a factor in a bidirectional relationship with cognitive decline. Thus, this study developed the Sleep and Cognition Enhancement Multimodal Intervention (SCEMI) based on Lazarus’ multimodal approach and conducted a randomized controlled experiment to investigate the effects of the novel program on sleep and cognition in MCI elderly. The participants were 55 MCI elderly with sleep disturbances at two dementia care centers located in S-city, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea (n = 25 in the experimental group and n… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Relationships between Features of Emerging Adulthood, Situated Decisions toward Physical Activity, and Physical Activity among College Students: The Moderating Role of Exercise-Intensity Tolerance

    Jinghua Chen1,#, Zihe Wang2,#, Fabian Herold3, Alyx Taylor4, Jin Kuang1, Ting Wang1, Arthur F. Kramer5,6, Liye Zou1,*
    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1209-1217, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030539
    Abstract A significant portion of emerging adults do not achieve recommended levels of physical activity (PA). Previous studies observed associations between features of emerging adulthood and PA levels, while the potential psychological mechanisms that might explain this phenomenon are not fully understood. In this context, there is some evidence that situated decisions toward physical activity (SDPA) and exercise-intensity tolerance might influence PA level. To provide empirical support for this assumption, the current study investigated whether (i) features of emerging adulthood are linked to SDPA, which, in turn, might affect PA engagement; (ii) exercise-intensity tolerance moderate the relationship between SDPA and PA… More >

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    ARTICLE

    A Model for Predicting the Psychological Well-Being of Older Adults in South Korea

    Hyangjin Park1, Haeryun Cho2, So Yeon Yoo3,*
    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1219-1228, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.041490
    Abstract This study examined factors related to the psychological well-being of older adults and built and verified a model for predicting psychological well-being. The participants were 350 older adults aged over 60 years who lived in South Korea and were active in the local community. The model proposed in this study was found to be suitable. Depression, self-efficacy, and social support had a direct effect on the psychological well-being of older adults, while depression, activities of daily living (ADLs), and self-efficacy had an indirect effect. Self-efficacy and social support mediated the relationship between depression and psychological well-being, and self-efficacy mediated the… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Effects of Emotion on Decision-Making of Methamphetamine Users: Based on the Emotional Iowa Gambling Task

    Xiaoqing Zeng1,2,3,*, Song Tu1,2,3, Ting Liu4
    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1229-1236, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.029903
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Disentangling the Pathway to the Health of Adults’ Populations: Emotional and Physical Wellbeing)
    Abstract The relapse of methamphetamine (meth) is associated with decision-making dysfunction. The present study aims to investigate the impact of different emotions on the decision-making behavior of meth users. We used 2 (gender: male, female) × 3 (emotion: positive, negative, neutral) × 5 (block: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) mixed experiment design. The study involved 168 meth users who were divided into three groups: positive emotion, negative emotion and neutral emotion group, and tested by the emotional Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). The IGT performance of male users exhibited a decreasing trend from Block 1 to Block 3. Female meth users in… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Effects of Emotion on Decision-Making of Methamphetamine Users: Based on the Emotional Iowa Gambling Task

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    ARTICLE

    Research on the Intervention Effect of Art-Making on the Anxiety Symptoms of College Students

    Qiuyue Wu1,2,3, Zhicheng Wang2, Tao Li2,3,*, Lu Wang1
    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1237-1243, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.046844
    Abstract This research was to investigate the intervention effect of art-making on the anxiety symptoms of college students. A sample of 400 college students took part in this research. They were assigned to the experiment group (n = 200) and the control group (n = 200) according to Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) scores. Unlike the control group, the experiment group received a standard art-making program under the supervision of trained instructors for a period of twelve sessions two times weekly which was continued for six weeks. Self-Rating Anxiety Seale (SAS) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) were used to assess anxiety symptoms… More >

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