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Determining the in vitro Anti-Aging Effect of the Characteristic Components from Eucommia ulmoides

Xuesong Wang1,#, Zhihong Wang1,2,#, Qiuling Yang1, Sheng Peng3, Mijun Peng1,*
1 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Chemical Measurement and Emergency Test Technology, Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center for Ambient Mass Spectrometry, Institute of Analysis, Guangdong Academy of Sciences (China National Analytical Center, Guangzhou), Guangzhou, 510070, China
2 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Silviculture, Protection and Utilization, Guangdong Academy of Forestry, Guangzhou, 510520, China
3 National & Local United Engineering Laboratory of Integrative Utilization Technology of Eucommia ulmoides Jishou University, Jishou, 427000, China
* Corresponding Author: Mijun Peng. Email:
# These authors contributed equally to this work
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable Biomass as a Platform for Preparing Green Chemistry)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2022, 10(12), 3131-3145. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.020204

Received 10 November 2021; Accepted 27 December 2021; Issue published 14 July 2022

Abstract

To evaluate the potential anti-aging ability of Eucommia ulmoides, four characteristic components (chlorogenic acid, geniposidic acid, aucubin, quercetin) were selected to assess their effects on H2O2-induced oxidative damage model of human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC). Oxidative damage indexes, inflammatory factors, cell cycle, cell apoptosis, cell senescence, and their related proteins were analyzed by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), propidium iodide (PI) staining, annexin V-FITC/ PI double staining, SA β-galactosidase staining, and western blotting (WB). The results showed that H2O2- induced cell growth inhibition rate decreased as supplementation with characteristic components when compared to H2O2 group. Meanwhile, the contents of antioxidant indexes (reactive oxygen species, lactate dehydrogenase, molondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, glutathione), inflammatory factors (nuclear factor kappa-B, intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion protein 1), and functional factors (NO, Endothelin-1) in characteristic components treated groups improved if comparison with H2O2 group, suggesting the characteristic components of E. ulmoides could alleviate H2O2-induced oxidative damage. Moreover, cell cycle, cell apoptosis, cell senescence, and their related proteins under characteristic components treatment exhibited a better effect than under H2O2 treatment, implying the characteristic components could participate in anti-aging via multiple pathways. These results manifested that the characteristic components of E. ulmoides posses the capacity of anti-aging, which provided a basis for investigating the anti-aging ability of E. ulmoides itself.

Keywords

Anti-aging; Eucommia ulmoides; characteristic components; oxidative damage; cell senescence

Cite This Article

Wang, X., Wang, Z., Yang, Q., Peng, S., Peng, M. (2022). Determining the in vitro Anti-Aging Effect of the Characteristic Components from Eucommia ulmoides. Journal of Renewable Materials, 10(12), 3131–3145.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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