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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification and Molecular Characterization of the Alkaloid Biosynthesis Gene Family in Dendrobium catenatum

    Liping Yang1,#, Xin Wan2,3,#, Runyang Zhou1, Yingdan Yuan1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.1, pp. 81-96, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.045389

    Abstract As one of the main active components of Dendrobium catenatum, alkaloids have high medicinal value. The physicochemical properties, conserved domains and motifs, phylogenetic analysis, and cis-acting elements of the gene family members in the alkaloid biosynthesis pathway of D. catenatum were analyzed by bioinformatics, and the expression of the genes in different years and tissues was analyzed by qRT-PCR. There are 16 gene families, including 25 genes, in the D. catenatum alkaloid biosynthesis pathway. The analysis of conserved domains and motifs showed that the types, quantities, and orders of domains and motifs were similar among members of the same family,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Widely Untargeted Metabolome Profiling Provides Insight into Browning and Nutritional Quality Changes in Short-Term Stored Fresh-Cut Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Shreds

    Liping Hong, Enming He, Wenhui Zhang, Mingqiong Zheng, Jingwen Wu, Wenhua Wang*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2785-2805, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030928

    Abstract Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is susceptible to enzymatic browning after fresh processing, resulting in color change and potential alteration in the nutritional quality. In this study, a popular potato cultivar, Feiwuruita, was used to profile the metabolites involved in color and nutritional quality changes in fresh shreds stored at 0 and 4 h at 25°C (designated CK and CK4H, respectively). The shreds turned brown within 4 h of storage. In all, 723 metabolites consisting 12 classes of compounds were detected in the samples, largely lipids, phenolic acids, alkaloids, amino acids and derivatives, flavonoids, organic acids, nucleotides and derivatives. Of these,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Genome-Wide Analysis of the F3′5′H Gene Family in Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) Provides Insights into the Regulation of Anthocyanin Biosynthesis

    Xiaolan Guo1,2, Jinbin Hu3, Shimei Yang4, Delu Wang2,*, Jianbing Wang1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.9, pp. 2683-2697, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029820

    Abstract The F3′5′H gene family plays an important role in regulating anthocyanin biosynthesis, abiotic stress, and hormone signaling. In this study, 14 F3′5′H genes were identified from the blueberry genome. The chromosomal distribution, physicochemical properties, F3′5′H domain, conserved motifs, cis-acting elements, and intron/exon compositions were analyzed. The functional prediction analysis of these VcF3′5′Hs indicated that their biological functions included light response and other secondary metabolites. The results of qRT-PCR showed that VcF3′5′Hs (especially VcF3′5′H4) were highly expressed at the ripening stage. Subcellular localization revealed that VcF3′5′H4 may be located in the endoplasmic reticulum. Co-expression analysis showed that the VcF3′5′H gene family… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Selenium: A Game Changer in Plant Development, Growth, and Stress Tolerance, via the Modulation in Gene Expression and Secondary Metabolite Biosynthesis

    Ali Bandehagh1,*, Zahra Dehghanian2, Vahideh Gougerdchi1, Mohammad Anwar Hossain3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2301-2324, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028586

    Abstract The presence of selenium (Se) is not widely established as crucial for crops, although it is commonly recognized as an important nutrient for animals as well as humans. Even so, it is inevitably accepted that Se usually contributes positively to the life cycle of plants. Previous findings suggested that small amounts of Se seem to have a productive role in growth and production. As a result, Se is assumed to function in multiple ways, primarily by influencing a variety of biochemical and physiological functions. Also, Se also acts as a plant antioxidant and pro-oxidant and confers tolerance against different abiotic… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles Based on Green Chemistry and Their Medical Biochemical Applications: Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles

    Kakudji Kisimba1, Anand Krishnan2,*, Mbuso Faya1, Kahumba Byanga3, Kabange Kasumbwe4, Kaliyapillai Vijayakumar5, Ram Prasad6,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.6, pp. 2575-2591, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.026159

    Abstract Nanoparticles have distinct properties that make them potentially valuable in a variety of industries. As a result, emerging approaches for the manufacture of nanoparticles are gaining a lot of scientific interest. The biological pathway of nanoparticle synthesis has been suggested as an effective, affordable, and environmentally safe method. Synthesis of nanoparticles through physical and chemical processes uses unsafe materials, expensive equipment and adversely affects the environment. As a result, in order to support the increased utilization of nanoparticles across many sectors, nanotechnology research activities have shifted toward environmentally safe and cost-effective techniques that outperform chemical and/or biological procedures. The use… More > Graphic Abstract

    Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles Based on Green Chemistry and Their Medical Biochemical Applications: Synthesis of Metallic Nanoparticles

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Integrated Data Reveal the Flavonoid Biosynthesis Metabolic Pathway in Semen Ziziphi Spinosae Using Transcriptomic and Metabolomic

    Wei Tian1, Lingdi Liu1, Zhongxing Song2, Zhishu Tang2, Chunxiu Wen1, Tao Jiang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.2, pp. 369-382, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.023184

    Abstract The extract from Semen Ziziphi Spinosae (SZS) contains many secondary metabolites (flavonoids, alkaloids, and terpenoids), widely reported for their high medicinal value. In order to know the number and type of flavonoids and the regulating mechanism of flavonoid biosynthesis during the growth and development of SZS, we identified and analyzed the flavonoid metabolites and genes in SZS using metabolomic and transcriptomic. A total of 13,232 differentially expressed genes and 83 flavonoid metabolites were identified at three different growth and development stages (T1, T2, and T3) of SZS. The main flavonoid metabolic components of SZS were catechin, L-epicatechin, (–)-epigallocatechin, (+)-gallocatechin, spinosin… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Endosperm-Specific Expression of YUCCA Genes Enhances Rice Grain Filling

    Huijun Jiang1,#, Kaien Zhai3,#, Xiaofan Ye3,#, Tianwei Hu2, Jieming Jiang4, Xiaoqiu Dong1, Weihuai Pan1, Jianwei Pan2, Jianxin Shou1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.12, pp. 2633-2648, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021474

    Abstract Grain filling is a crucial process that affects yield in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Auxin biosynthesis and signaling are closely related to rice yield; therefore, it is important to understand the effects of auxin biosynthesis on rice grain filling to improve crop yield. In this study, we used physiological and molecular strategies to identify the roles of auxin in rice grain filling. Exogenous application of auxin (IAA) or auxin analogues (2, 4-D) to young spikelets and flag leaves improved the seed-setting rate and yield per spike. Furthermore, real-time quantitative PCR assays confirmed that nine members of the OsYUCCA family of… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    The Role of Salicylic Acid Signal in Plant Growth, Development and Abiotic Stress

    Yulan Hu1, Lulu Zhi1, Ping Li1, John T. Hancock2, Xiangyang Hu1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.12, pp. 2591-2605, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.023733

    Abstract In nature, plants are constantly affected by adverse conditions. Unlike animals, plants can resist these adverse stresses only by insisting on their original positions. Stress can be divided into biological stress and abiotic stress, abiotic stress directly affects the growth, development and yield of plants, it spans all developmental stages from seed germination to senescence. In order to adapt to changing environment, plants have evolved well-developed mechanisms that help to perceive the stress signals and enable optimal growth response. Salicylic acid (SA) is an important endogenous signal molecule in plants, which not only regulate some plant growth and development processes,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhancement of Ultrasonic Seed Treatment on Yield, Grain Quality Characters, and 2-Acetyl-1-Pyrroline Biosynthesis in Different Fragrant Rice Genotypes

    Rujian Lan1,2,3,#, Meiyang Duan1,2,3,#, Feida Wu1,2,3,#, Rifang Lai1,2,3, Zhaowen Mo1,2,3, Shenggang Pan1,2,3, Xiangru Tang1,2,3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.11, pp. 2461-2473, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021884

    Abstract Fragrant rice is popular for the good grain quality and special aroma. The present study conducted a field experiment to investigate the effects of ultrasonic seed treatment on grain yield, quality characters, physiological properties and aroma biosynthesis of different fragrant rice genotypes. The seeds of three fragrant rice genotypes were exposed to 1 min of ultrasonic vibration and then cultivated in paddy field. The results of present study showed that ultrasonic seed treatment increased grain yield of all fragrant rice genotypes but the responses of yield formation to ultrasonic were varied with different genotypes. Compared with control, ultrasonic seed treatment increased… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification and Characterization of a Novel Yellow Leaf Mutant yl1 in Rice

    Xiaofang Zeng1,#, Guangzheng Li1,#, Nu’an Liu2, Yan Li1, Jianrong Li1, Xiaozhen Huang1, Degang Zhao1,2,,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.11, pp. 2419-2437, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021199

    Abstract Leaf-color mutants play an important role in the study of chlorophyll metabolism, chloroplast development, and photosynthesis system. In this study, the yellow leaf 1 (yl1) rice mutant was identified from the ethyl methane sulfonate-treated mutant progeny of Lailong, a glutinous japonica rice landrace cultivated in Guizhou Province, China. Results showed that yl1 exhibited yellow leaves with decreased chlorophyll content throughout the growth period. Chloroplast development in the yl1 mutant was disrupted, and the grana lamellae was loosely packed and disordered. RNA sequencing and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed that the chlorophyll synthesis-related genes OsCHLH, OsCHLM, OsCHLG, PORB,… More >

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