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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effects of Drought Stress on Key Enzymes of Carbon Metabolism, Photosynthetic Characteristics and Agronomic Traits of Soybean at the Flowering Stage under Different Soil Substrates

    Shuang Song1, Xiaomei Li2, Xin Wang1, Qi Zhou1, Yongping Li1, Xiaojing Wang1, Shoukun Dong1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.11, pp. 2475-2490, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021090

    Abstract Soybean is an important legume food crop, and its seeds are rich in nutrients, providing humans and animals with edible oil and protein feed. However, soybean is sensitive to water requirements, and drought is an important factor limiting soybean yield and quality. This study used Heinong 84 (drought resistant variety) and Hefeng 46 (intermediate variety) as tested varieties planted in chernozem, albic, and black soils. The effects of drought stress on the activities of key enzymes in carbon metabolism and photosynthetic characteristics of soybean were studied during the flowering stage, most sensitive to water. (1) The activities of SS-1, 6PGDH,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Organic Amendments Improve Plant Morpho-Physiology and Antioxidant Metabolism in Mitigating Drought Stress in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

    Taufika Islam Anee1,#, Md. Nur Nabi Islam1,#, Mohamed M. Hassan2, Abdul Awal Chowdhury Masud1, Md. Mahabub Alam1, Mirza Hasanuzzaman1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.9, pp. 1959-1972, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021137

    Abstract Due to the unpredictable climate change, drought stress is being considered as one of the major threats to crop production. Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. BARI Gom-26) being a dry season crop frequently faces scarcity of water and results in a lower yield. Therefore, this experiment aims to explore the role of different organic amendments (OAs) in mitigating drought stress-induced damage. The pot experiment consisted of different organic amendments viz. compost, vermicompost and poultry manure @0.09 kg m−2 soil, biochar @2.5% w/w soil and chitosan @1% w/w soil which was imposed on the plants grown under both well-watered and drought… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Exogenous melatonin alleviated growth inhibition and oxidative stress induced by drought stress in apple rootstock

    MEIGE WANG, JUAN GONG, CHUNHUI SONG, ZHENGYANG WANG, SHANGWEI SONG, JIAN JIAO, MIAOMIAO WANG, XIANBO ZHANG*, TUANHUI BAI*

    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.7, pp. 1763-1770, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.018934

    Abstract

    Drought stress is one of the major environmental obstacles that limit the production and development of apples (Malus domestica Borkh.). The role of melatonin is well known in the protection of plants under environmental stresses. In this study, we investigated the effect of melatonin on apple rootstock M. hupehensis Rehd under drought stress. The results showed that drought inhibited the growth of M. hupehensis and dramatically reduced root surface area, root volume, the number of tips and forks, and root diameter. Drought-induced growth inhibition was significantly decreased by adding melatonin. Net photosynthetic rate (Pn), intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci), stomatal conductance… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Cloning of the Soybean sHSP26 Gene and Analysis of Its Drought Resistance

    Siyan Liu1,*, Jinfeng Liu1, Yuzhe Zhang1, Yushi Jiang1, Shaowang Hu1, Andi Shi1, Qiyao Cong1, Shuyan Guan2,*, Jing Qu2, Yao Dan1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.7, pp. 1465-1482, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018836

    Abstract Exploring the molecular mechanism of soybean response to drought stress, providing a basis for genetic improvement and breeding of heat-resistant varieties, relying on the transcriptome sequencing data of unpollinated ovary at the seven-leaf stage of soybean Jinong 18(JN18) and Jinong 18 mutant (JB18) soybeans, using reverse transcription, one gene in the sHSP family was cloned using PCR (RT-PCR) and it was named sHSP26. In this experiment, the soybean sHSP26 gene was successfully cloned by RT-PCR, the protein encoded by the sHSP26 gene was analyzed by bioinformatics, and the sHSP26 gene overexpression vector and CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing vector were constructed. The positive… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Proteomic Profiling and Protein-Protein Interaction Network Reveal the Molecular Mechanisms of Susceptibility to Drought Stress in Canola (Brassica napus L.)

    Reza Shokri-Gharelo1, Ali Bandehagh1,*, Mohammad Anwar Hossain2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.7, pp. 1403-1417, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.020431

    Abstract Drought stress is one of the most important abiotic stresses that plants face frequently in nature. Under drought conditions, many morphological, physiological, and molecular aspects of plants are changed and as a result plants experience a remarkable reduction in growth, yield, and reproduction. To expand our understanding of the molecular basis of the plant response to drought stress, the proteomic profile and protein-protein network of canola (Brassica napus L.) were studied. The focus was to show molecular mechanisms related to canola susceptibility to drought stress. The experiment used a completely randomized design, implemented in a hydroponic system under greenhouse conditions.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Cloning and Drought Resistance Analysis of Soybean GmHsps_p23-like Gene

    Yuzhe Zhang1,#, Guanglong Li1,#, Shaowang Hu1, Jinfeng Liu1, Yushi Jiang1, Siyan Liu2,*, Shuyan Guan2,*, Jing Qu2, Dan Yao1, Andi Shi1, Yixuan Liu1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1183-1198, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018853

    Abstract Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is an important cultivated crop, which requires much water during its growth, and drought seriously affects soybean yields. Studies have shown that the expression of small heat shock proteins can enhance drought resistance, cold resistance and salt resistance of plants. In this experiment, soybean GmHsps_p23-like gene was successfully cloned by RT-PCR, the protein encoded by the GmHsps_p23-like gene was subjected to bioinformatics analysis, and the pCAMBIA3301-GmHsps_p23-like overexpression vector and pCBSG015-GmHsps_p23-like gene editing vector were constructed. Agrobacterium-mediated method was used to transform soybeans to obtain positive plants. RT-PCR detection, rehydration experiment and drought resistance physiological and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Selection of Stable Reference Genes for Quantitative Real-Time PCR on Paeonia ostii T. Hong et J. X. Zhang Leaves Exposed to Different Drought Stress Conditions

    Yuting Luan1, Cong Xu1, Xiaoxiao Wang1, Daqiu Zhao1, Jun Tao1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.5, pp. 1045-1059, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018767

    Abstract The definition of relatively stable expressed internal reference genes is essential in both traditional blotting quantification and as a modern data quantitative strategy. Appropriate internal reference genes can accurately standardize the expression abundance of target genes to avoid serious experimental errors. In this study, the expression profiles of ten candidate genes, ACT1, ACT2, GAPDH, eIF1, eIF2, α-TUB, β-TUB, TBP, RNA Pol II and RP II, were calculated for a suitable reference gene selection in Paeonia ostii T. Hong et J. X. Zhang leaves under various drought stress conditions. Data were processed by the four regularly used evaluation software. A comprehensive… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mycorrhiza improves plant growth and photosynthetic characteristics of tea plants in response to drought stress

    FENGJUN DAI1, ZIYI RONG1, QIANGSHENG WU1, ELSAYED FATHI ABD_ALLAH3, CHUNYAN LIU1,2,*, SHENGRUI LIU2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.5, pp. 1339-1346, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.018909

    Abstract Tea plants are sensitive to soil moisture deficit, with the level of soil water being a critical factor affecting their growth and quality. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can improve water and nutrient absorption, but it is not clear whether AMF can improve the photosynthetic characteristics of tea plants. A potted study was conducted to determine the effects of Claroideoglomus etunicatum on plant growth, leaf water status, pigment content, gas exchange, and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters in Camellia sinensis cv. Fuding Dabaicha under well-watered (WW) and drought stress (DS) conditions. Root mycorrhizal colonization and soil hyphal length were significantly reduced by the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Changes in Germination and Seedling Traits of Sesame under Simulated Drought

    Mukhtar Ahmed1,*, Ahmed M. S. Kheir2,3, Muhammad Zeeshan Mehmood1, Shakeel Ahmad4, Mirza Hasanuzzaman5,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.4, pp. 713-726, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018552

    Abstract Drought is considered one of the leading abiotic constraints to agricultural crop production globally. Present study was conducted to assess the effects of different drought treatments (viz. Control, 10% PEG, and 20% PEG) on seed germination, germination indices, seedling traits, and drought tolerance indices of sesame. Our results showed that maximum reduction in the studied parameters was observed at higher PEG concentration (i.e., 20% PEG). As compared to control, the drought treatments viz. 10% and 20% PEG decreased the values for germination indices, such as germination percentage, coefficient of variation of germination time, germination index, and seedling vigor index. Similarly,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Genome-Wide Analysis of Snapdragon WRKY and VQ Gene Families and Their Expression in Response to Drought and Cold Stresses

    Huaqiao Ding*, Lihui Mao, Qingcheng Zou, Wei Hu, Xuerui Cao, Qing Dong*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.4, pp. 773-789, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018075

    Abstract Snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus) is one of the most widely cultivated grass flowers in the world. WRKY transcription factors, VQ proteins and their interactions play crucial roles in plant response to abiotic stresses. However, little is known about WRKY and VQ gene families in snapdragon. In the present study, WRKY and VQ genes and their interactions were comprehensively analyzed in snapdragon using bioinformatics approaches, and their expression in response to drought and cold stresses was examined using real-time PCR. A total of 67 AmWRKY genes were identified in snapdragon, which were classified into different groups or subgroups based on phylogenetic analysis.… More >

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