Special Issues
Table of Content

Emerging Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Applications

Submission Deadline: 20 December 2024 View: 210 Submit to Special Issue

Guest Editors

Prof. Wenfeng Zheng, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia; the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China
Dr. Chao Liu, CNRS (French National Center for Scientific Research), France
Dr. Lirong Yin, Louisiana State University, USA

Summary

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has rapidly advanced in recent years, leading to the emergence of groundbreaking technologies and applications with far-reaching implications. AI has the potential to revolutionize industries, enhance human capabilities, and address complex challenges in innovative ways.


From using convolutional neural networks to extract image features, to advanced natural language processing achieved by Transformer models, and further to employing graph neural networks to analyze complex topological structures, artificial intelligence is driving unprecedented progress. In medical field, AI is facilitating early disease detection and personalized treatment plans, while in finance, it's optimizing risk management and fraud detection. Additionally, autonomous vehicles and smart manufacturing systems are benefiting from AI's ability to process vast amounts of data in real time, enhancing safety and efficiency. With the continued evolution of AI technologies, the potential for their application across diverse domains is immense, promising to reshape the way we live, work, and interact with the world around us.


As AI continues to advance, its impact will be profound, offering transformative solutions to complex problems and paving the way for a more sustainable and inclusive future. This special issue is open to fresh research contributions that introduce novel theories, innovative methodologies, unique application strategies, and investigations of AI across diverse fields. The potential topics encompassed  may include, but are not limited to, the following topics:


· Artificial intelligence.

· Multimodal artificial intelligence

· Potential problems, challenges, and applications of large models

· Visual question and answer (VQA), visual reasoning

· Semantic reasoning, semantic representation, knowledge base

· Characterization inference, natural language reasoning

· Machine translation, text sentiment analysis, text classification

· Meta-learning, transfer learning, few-shot learning.

· Contrastive learning, representation learning, reinforcement learning

· Geospatial artificial intelligence, geospatial AI (GeoAI)

· AI in geostatistics, remote sensing, spatio-temporal simulation

· AI for geospatial data acquisition, analysis, planning, and prediction

· Visual augmentation and reconstruction, 3D reconstruction of deformable surfaces

· Visual- and spatial-based perception enhancement and reasoning



Published Papers


  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    DPAL-BERT: A Faster and Lighter Question Answering Model

    Lirong Yin, Lei Wang, Zhuohang Cai, Siyu Lu, Ruiyang Wang, Ahmed AlSanad, Salman A. AlQahtani, Xiaobing Chen, Zhengtong Yin, Xiaolu Li, Wenfeng Zheng
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.052622
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Emerging Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Applications)
    Abstract Recent advancements in natural language processing have given rise to numerous pre-training language models in question-answering systems. However, with the constant evolution of algorithms, data, and computing power, the increasing size and complexity of these models have led to increased training costs and reduced efficiency. This study aims to minimize the inference time of such models while maintaining computational performance. It also proposes a novel Distillation model for PAL-BERT (DPAL-BERT), specifically, employs knowledge distillation, using the PAL-BERT model as the teacher model to train two student models: DPAL-BERT-Bi and DPAL-BERT-C. This research enhances the dataset More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Unlocking the Potential: A Comprehensive Systematic Review of ChatGPT in Natural Language Processing Tasks

    Ebtesam Ahmad Alomari
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.052256
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Emerging Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Applications)
    Abstract As Natural Language Processing (NLP) continues to advance, driven by the emergence of sophisticated large language models such as ChatGPT, there has been a notable growth in research activity. This rapid uptake reflects increasing interest in the field and induces critical inquiries into ChatGPT’s applicability in the NLP domain. This review paper systematically investigates the role of ChatGPT in diverse NLP tasks, including information extraction, Name Entity Recognition (NER), event extraction, relation extraction, Part of Speech (PoS) tagging, text classification, sentiment analysis, emotion recognition and text annotation. The novelty of this work lies in its… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Instance Segmentation of Characters Recognized in Palmyrene Aramaic Inscriptions

    Adéla Hamplová, Alexey Lyavdansky, Tomáš Novák, Ondřej Svojše, David Franc, Arnošt Veselý
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.3, pp. 2869-2889, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.050791
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Emerging Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Applications)
    Abstract This study presents a single-class and multi-class instance segmentation approach applied to ancient Palmyrene inscriptions, employing two state-of-the-art deep learning algorithms, namely YOLOv8 and Roboflow 3.0. The goal is to contribute to the preservation and understanding of historical texts, showcasing the potential of modern deep learning methods in archaeological research. Our research culminates in several key findings and scientific contributions. We comprehensively compare the performance of YOLOv8 and Roboflow 3.0 in the context of Palmyrene character segmentation—this comparative analysis mainly focuses on the strengths and weaknesses of each algorithm in this context. We also created… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparing Fine-Tuning, Zero and Few-Shot Strategies with Large Language Models in Hate Speech Detection in English

    Ronghao Pan, José Antonio García-Díaz, Rafael Valencia-García
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.3, pp. 2849-2868, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.049631
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Emerging Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Applications)
    Abstract Large Language Models (LLMs) are increasingly demonstrating their ability to understand natural language and solve complex tasks, especially through text generation. One of the relevant capabilities is contextual learning, which involves the ability to receive instructions in natural language or task demonstrations to generate expected outputs for test instances without the need for additional training or gradient updates. In recent years, the popularity of social networking has provided a medium through which some users can engage in offensive and harmful online behavior. In this study, we investigate the ability of different LLMs, ranging from zero-shot… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Abnormal State Detection in Lithium-ion Battery Using Dynamic Frequency Memory and Correlation Attention LSTM Autoencoder

    Haoyi Zhong, Yongjiang Zhao, Chang Gyoon Lim
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1757-1781, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.049208
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Emerging Artificial Intelligence Technologies and Applications)
    Abstract This paper addresses the challenge of identifying abnormal states in Lithium-ion Battery (LiB) time series data. As the energy sector increasingly focuses on integrating distributed energy resources, Virtual Power Plants (VPP) have become a vital new framework for energy management. LiBs are key in this context, owing to their high-efficiency energy storage capabilities essential for VPP operations. However, LiBs are prone to various abnormal states like overcharging, over-discharging, and internal short circuits, which impede power transmission efficiency. Traditional methods for detecting such abnormalities in LiB are too broad and lack precision for the dynamic and… More >

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