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Blockchain Driven Secure Cyber-Physical Systems

Submission Deadline: 12 March 2021 (closed)

Guest Editors

Dr. Sudeep Tanwar, Nirma University, India.
Dr. Anand Nayyar, Duy Tan University, Viet Nam.
Dr. Mohamed Abouhawwash, Michigan State University, USA.


Cyber-Physical System (CPS) combines physical objects (e.g., smartphones) or systems (e.g., autonomous TV) with integrated computing and storage capabilities. CPS is an interconnected network of systems and objects through which it exchanges information with each other. CPS applications are widespread some of them include smart grids, E-health, enterprise management, logistics, industrial production, and management processes. In today’s scenario, CPS acts as a disruptive technique that replaces traditional power systems with advanced CPS infrastructures. This ongoing transmission from centralized to distributed Cyber-Physical systems invokes robust, secure and efficient infrastructures. The critical nature of CPS with a high level of heterogeneity, complexity, and resource-constrained properties increases the risk of secure fault-tolerant resilience computer system. On the other hand, the prompt advancement of IoT systems deeply penetrates several cyber-attacks, which, often affects millions of lives. Since every computerized data highly influence the decision-making process, the protection of data integrity, security, and authenticity have become the essential factors.

A recent distributed computing paradigm called blockchain provides a promising solution for modern CPS applications. Blockchain forms an underpinning technique for CPS that offers fault-tolerant, reliable, secure, and efficient computing infrastructure. It is a distributed ledger provides reliable infrastructures through various features such as cryptography, smart contract, and consensus algorithms. In a blockchain environment, the information is actively verified across all the nodes in the network using a consensus algorithm and then replicated. It makes use of distributed storage mechanisms, and every node across the network has a copy of the data. Blockchain and its inherent combination of consensus algorithms, distributed storage with advanced security protocols provide the most effective solution for modern CPS applications. However, the computationally expensive nature of the blockchain with higher bandwidth overhead and delays remains to be the most challenging factor when applied towards CPS. Thus, the formulation of an efficient blockchain algorithm can protect the CPS systems for vulnerable security risks and provide a new direction to the research of CPS applications. At present, enhancing the performance of CPS using blockchain has become an active area of research enabling researchers from academic and industrial backgrounds to get deeply involved in finding efficient solutions for secure CPS systems.

Papers are welcomed on the following topics but not confined to:

• Future perspective of blockchain based CPS applications with federated learning and artificial learning approaches

• Security and privacy in CPS based smart cities, smart and connected health, IoT, and RFID systems using blockchain

• Blockchain based solutions for social, economic, and policy issues of trust, security, and privacy of CPS

• Achieving Security, Privacy and Integrity in CPS using blockchain

• Transparency, trust and accountability of blockchain based CPS

• Advances in CPS security with cloud computing, blockchain and Internet of Things (IoT)

• Authentication and Access control mechanisms in CPS using blockchain

• Secure fault tolerant robust algorithms for blockchain based CPS

• Performance evaluation and analysis of blockchian based CPS for secure data transmission and communication processes

• Fault tolerant control design and architecture for blockchain assisted CPS

• Security and trust across cloud based CPS

• Utilization of blockchain for secure M2M communication in CPS

• Advances in blockchain based CPS for secure healthcare applications

• Key management, public key infrastructures, certification, revocation, and authentication with blockchain for CPS

• Digital Twinning for blockchain assisted CPS


Blockchain, Cyber Physical System, M2M, Security, Privacy, Trust, IoT, Authentication, Access Control, Digital Twin, eHealth, mHealh

Published Papers

  • Open Access


    Development of a Smart Technique for Mobile Web Services Discovery

    Mohamed Eb-Saad, Yunyoung Nam, Hazem M. El-bakry, Samir Abdelrazek
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 1483-1501, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017783
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Blockchain Driven Secure Cyber-Physical Systems)
    Abstract Web service (WS) presents a good solution to the interoperability of different types of systems that aims to reduce the overhead of high processing in a resource-limited environment. With the increasing demand for mobile WS (MWS), the WS discovery process has become a significant challenging point in the WS lifecycle that aims to identify the relevant MWSs that best match the service requests. This discovery process is a resource-consuming task that cannot be performed efficiently in a mobile computing environment due to the limitations of mobile devices. Meanwhile, a cloud computing can provide rich computing resources for mobile environments given… More >

  • Open Access


    Efficient MCDM Model for Evaluating the Performance of Commercial Banks: A Case Study

    Mohamed Abdel-Basset, Rehab Mohamed, Mohamed Elhoseny, Mohamed Abouhawash, Yunyoung Nam, Nabil M. AbdelAziz
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.3, pp. 2729-2746, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015316
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Blockchain Driven Secure Cyber-Physical Systems)
    Abstract Evaluation of commercial banks (CBs) performance has been a significant issue in the financial world and deemed as a multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) model. Numerous research assesses CB performance according to different metrics and standers. As a result of uncertainty in decision-making problems and large economic variations in Egypt, this research proposes a plithogenic based model to evaluate Egyptian commercial banks’ performance based on a set of criteria. The proposed model evaluates the top ten Egyptian commercial banks based on three main metrics including financial, customer satisfaction, and qualitative evaluation, and 19 sub-criteria. The proportional importance of the selected criteria… More >

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