Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.117, No.2, 2018
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Influence of Geometric Design Variable and Bone Quality on Stress Distribution for Zirconia Dental Implants-A 3D Finite Element Analysis

    Duraisamy Velmurugan1, Masilamany Santha Alphin1,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.117, No.2, pp. 125-141, 2018, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2018.01817
    Abstract This study aims to investigate the effects of variable thread pitch on stress distribution in bones of different bone qualities under two different loading conditions (Vertical, and Horizontal) for a Zirconia dental implant. For this purpose, a three dimensional finite element model of the mandibular premolar section and three single threaded implants of 0.8 mm, 1.6 mm, 2.4 mm pitch was designed. Finite element analysis software was used to develop the model and three different bone qualities (Type II, Type III, and Type IV) were prepared. A vertical load of 200 N, and a horizontal load of 100 N was… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on Arterial Stiffness Status in Type 2 Diabetic Patients Based on Pulse Waveform Characteristics

    Gaoyang Li1, Xiaorui Song2, Aike Qiao3, Makoto Ohta4,5,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.117, No.2, pp. 143-155, 2018, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2018.04100
    Abstract For patients with type 2 diabetes, the evaluation of pulse waveform characteristics is helpful to understand changes in arterial stiffness. However, there is a lack of comprehensive analysis of pulse waveform parameters. Here, we aimed to investigate the changes in pulse waveform characteristics in patients with type 2 diabetes due to increased arterial stiffness. In this study, 25 patients with type 2 diabetes and 50 healthy subjects were selected based on their clinical history. Age, height, weight, blood pressure, and pulse pressure were collected as the subjects’ basic characteristics. The brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was collected as an index… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Individualized Design of the Ventilator Mask based on the Residual Concentration of CO2

    Zhiguo Zhang1,*, Zhenxiao Li2, Yifei Zhang3, Zhenze Wang4, Minzhou Luo1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.117, No.2, pp. 157-167, 2018, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2018.04067
    Abstract OSAHS (Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome) is a respiratory disease mainly characterized by limited and repeated pauses of breathing in sleep. Currently, the optimal treatment is to apply CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) ventilation on the upper airway of the patient through a household respiratory machine. However, if the ventilator mask is designed improperly, it might cause the residue and repeated inhalation of CO2, which will exert an adverse impact on the therapeutic effect. Present research numerically analyzed the CO2 transportation inside a commercial ventilator mask (Mirage SoftGel, ResMed, Australia) based on the reconstructed 3D numerical model of a volunteer's… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Kautz Function Based Continuous-Time Model Predictive Controller for Load Frequency Control in a Multi-Area Power System

    A. Parassuram1,*, P. Somasundaram1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.117, No.2, pp. 169-187, 2018, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2018.01720
    Abstract A continuous-time Model Predictive Controller was proposed using Kautz function in order to improve the performance of Load Frequency Control (LFC). A dynamic model of an interconnected power system was used for Model Predictive Controller (MPC) design. MPC predicts the future trajectory of the dynamic model by calculating the optimal closed loop feedback gain matrix. In this paper, the optimal closed loop feedback gain matrix was calculated using Kautz function. Being an Orthonormal Basis Function (OBF), Kautz function has an advantage of solving complex pole-based nonlinear system. Genetic Algorithm (GA) was applied to optimally tune the Kautz function-based MPC. A… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Virtual Boundary Element Method for Three-Dimensional Inverse Heat Conduction Problems in Orthotropic Media

    Xu Liu1, Guojian Shao1, Xingxing Yue2,*, Qingbin Yang3, Jingbo Su4
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.117, No.2, pp. 189-211, 2018, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2018.03947
    Abstract This paper aims to apply a virtual boundary element method (VBEM) to solve the inverse problems of three-dimensional heat conduction in orthotropic media. This method avoids the singular integrations in the conventional boundary element method, and can be treated as a potential approach for solving the inverse problems of the heat conduction owing to the boundary-only discretization and semi-analytical algorithm. When the VBEM is applied to the inverse problems, the numerical instability may occur if a virtual boundary is not properly chosen. The method encounters a highly ill-conditioned matrix for the larger distance between the physical boundary and the virtual… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling and Control Strategy of Built-in Skin Effect Electric Tracing System

    Li Ding1, Jiasheng Zhang,1,2, Hongchang Sun3,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.117, No.2, pp. 213-229, 2018, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2018.03981
    Abstract In order to ensure the safety of fluid flow in deep-water submarine pipelines, a safe and energy-saving built-in skin effect electric heat tracing technology was adopted as the thermal management strategy. The magnetic field distribution of built-in skin effect heating system is analyzed based on the mechanism of built-in skin effect heating system, so as to obtain the equivalent circuit model of built-in skin effect electric heating system. Meanwhile, heating power is introduced as an intermediate variable to establish the relationship between power supply frequency and built-in skin effect heating temperature. Aiming at the skin effect electric heating system, an… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Shaft Pillar Mining Subsidence Calculation Using Both Probability Integral Method and Numerical Simulation

    Peixian Li1,*, Zhixiang Tan2, Lili Yan3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.117, No.2, pp. 231-250, 2018, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2018.02573
    Abstract In order to prolong the life cycle of the coal mine, Jinggezhuang (‘JGZ’) coal mine decided to excavate the shaft pillar. The first panel 0091 was designed near the pillar boundary as an experiment in shaft pillar mining. Both probability integral method (PIM) and FLAC3D were used to evaluate the influence on the shaft safety. PIM parameters were obtained from previous surface subsidence station. The rock property is based on the lab mechanical test. A simulated FLAC3D model containing shafts and a panel was built based on stratigraphic information. Surface subsidence results of PIM show that the 0091-panel excavation has… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On the Robustness of the xy-Zebra-Gauss-Seidel Smoother on an Anisotropic Diffusion Problem

    Michely Laís de Oliveira1,*, Marcio Augusto Villela Pinto2, Simone de Fátima Tomazzoni Gonçalves2, Grazielli Vassoler Rutz3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.117, No.2, pp. 251-270, 2018, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2018.04237
    Abstract Studies of problems involving physical anisotropy are applied in sciences and engineering, for instance, when the thermal conductivity depends on the direction. In this study, the multigrid method was used in order to accelerate the convergence of the iterative methods used to solve this type of problem. The asymptotic convergence factor of the multigrid was determined empirically (computer aided) and also by employing local Fourier analysis (LFA). The mathematical model studied was the 2D anisotropic diffusion equation, in which ε > 0 was the coefficient of a nisotropy. The equation was discretized by the Finite Difference Method (FDM) and Central… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Pose Estimation of Space Targets Based on Model Matching for Large-Aperture Ground-Based Telescopes

    Zhengwei Li1,2, Jianli Wang1,*, Tao Chen1, Bin Wang1, Yuanhao Wu1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.117, No.2, pp. 271-286, 2018, DOI:10.31614/cmc.2018.04005
    Abstract With the development of adaptive optics and post restore processing techniques, large aperture ground-based telescopes can obtain high-resolution images (HRIs) of targets. The pose of the space target can be estimated from HRIs by several methods. As the target features obtained from the image are unstable, it is difficult to use existing methods for pose estimation. In this paper a method based on real-time target model matching to estimate the pose of space targets is proposed. First, the physically-constrained iterative deconvolution algorithm is used to obtain HRIs of the space target. Second, according to the 3D model, the ephemeris data,… More >

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