Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.29, No.3, 2008
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Derivation of Anti-Plane Dynamic Green's Function for Several Circular Inclusions with Imperfect Interfaces

    Jeng-Tzong Chen1, Jia-Nan Ke
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.29, No.3, pp. 111-136, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.029.111
    Abstract A null-field integral equation is employed to derive the two-dimensional antiplane dynamic Green's functions for a circular inclusion with an imperfect interface. We employ the linear spring model with vanishing thickness to characterize the imperfect interface. Analytical expressions of displacement and stress fields due to time-harmonic antiplane line forces located either in the unbounded matrix or in the circular inclusion are presented. To fully capture the circular geometries, degenerate- kernel expressions of fundamental solutions in the polar coordinate and Fourier series for boundary densities are adopted. Good agreement is made after comparing with the analytical solution derived by Wang and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling 3D Fruit Tissue Microstructure Using a Novel Ellipsoid Tessellation Algorithm

    H.K. Mebatsion1,2, P. Verboven1, P. T. Jancsók1, Q.T. Ho1, B.E. Verlinden3, B.M. Nicolaï1,3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.29, No.3, pp. 137-150, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.029.137
    Abstract Transport processes of gas and moisture are among the most important physiological processes in plant tissue. Microscale transport models based on Navier-Stokes equations provide insight into such processes at the microscopic scale. Due to microscopic complexity, numerical solutions based on the finite element or finite volume methods are mandatory. Therefore, a 3D geometric model of the tissue is essential. In this article, a novel algorithm for geometric reconstruction of 2D slices of synchrotron tomographic images is presented. The boundaries of 2D cells on individual slices were digitized to establish a set of boundary coordinates and the slice index of individual… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Geometric Interpretation of Linking Number, Writhe and Twist for a Ribbon

    C. K. Au1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.29, No.3, pp. 151-162, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.029.151
    Abstract Ribbons may be used for the modeling of DNAs and proteins. The topology of a ribbon can be described by the linking number, while its geometry is represented by the writhe and the twist. These quantities are integrals and are related by the Cǎlugǎreanu's theorem from knot theory. This theorem also describes the relationship between the various conformations. The heart of the Cǎlugǎreanu's theorem rests in the Gauss Integral. Due to the large number of molecules, the topology and the geometry of a ribbon model can be very complicated. As a result, these integrals are commonly evaluated by numerical methods.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Lattice Boltzmann Method Simulation of 3D Fluid Flow in Serpentine Channel

    Shih-Kai Chien1, Tzu-Hsiang Yen1, Yue-Tzu Yang1, Chao-Kuang Chen1,2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.29, No.3, pp. 163-174, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.029.163
    Abstract Conventional proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) have a straight gas flow serpentine channel, and hence the reactant gases are transferred to the catalyst layers as a result of diffusion alone. Since the diffusion process is inherently slow, the electrical performance of such PEMFCs is inevitably limited. In an attempt to improve the PEMFC performance, this study replaces the straight channel with containing different type of obstacles and conducts a series of lattice Boltzmann method simulations to investigate the flow field phenomena induced in a viscous liquid as it flows along the serpentine channel at Reynolds numbers ranging from Re=5~25.… More >

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