Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.2, No.3, 2001
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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Meshless Regular Hybrid Boundary Node Method

    Jianming Zhang, Zhenhan Yao1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 307-318, 2001, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2001.002.307
    Abstract The Meshless Local Boundary Integral Equation (MLBIE) method is a truly meshless one as it does not need a 'finite element or boundary element mesh', either for variable interpolation or for 'energy' integration. The Boundary Node Method (BNM) further reduces the dimensionality of the problem by one, i.e. it only requires nodes constructed on the surface. However, the BNM is not truly meshless, as a background mesh is needed for boundary integration; and the MLBIE does not have the advantage of reduced dimensionality as the BNM. A new Regular Hybrid Boundary Node method based on a modified functional and the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On Interpolation in SPH

    R. Vignjevic, T. De Vuyst, M. Gourma1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 319-336, 2001, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2001.002.319
    Abstract The work presented provides an overview of different types of kernel interpolation used in the SPH method: conventional SPH, normalised SPH (NSPH), corrected kernel SPH (CSPH) and normalised corrected kernel SPH (NCSPH). These four methods are considered in a fully mesh-free form (using no background mesh). To illustrate the effect of using different interpolation methods two problems were simulated: a 1D symmetric elastic impact problem, and a shock-tube. An overview of the simulation results for the two problems is given. Shortcomings for the interpolation schemes tested were identified and discussed. It is concluded that NCSPH provides the best results. To… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Thermal Stress Analysis of Multi-layer Thin Films and Coatings by an Advanced Boundary Element Method

    Xiaolin Chen, Yijun Liu1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 337-350, 2001, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2001.002.337
    Abstract An advanced boundary element method (BEM) is developed in this paper for analyzing thin layered structures, such as thin films and coatings, under the thermal loading. The boundary integral equation (BIE) formulation for steady-state thermoelasticity is reviewed and a special case, that is, the BIE for a uniform distribution of the temperature change, is presented. The new nearly-singular integrals arising from the applications of the BIE/BEM to thin layered structures under thermal loading are treated in the same way as developed earlier for thin structures under the mechanical loading. Three 2-D test problems involving layered thin films and coatings on… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling of Nonlinear Rate Sensitivity by Using an Overstress Model

    KwangsooHo1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 351-364, 2001, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2001.002.351
    Abstract Negative, zero or positive rate sensitivity of the flow stress can be observed in metals and alloys over a certain range of strain, strain rate and temperature. It is believed that negative rate sensitivity is an essential feature of dynamic strain aging, of which the Portevin-Le Chatelier effect is one other manifestation. The viscoplasticity theory based on overstress (VBO), one of the unified state variable theories, is generalized to model zero (rate independence) and negative as well as positive rate sensitivity in a consistent way. The present model does not have the stress rate term in the evolution law for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Solution of Plane Elasticity Problems with the Cell Method

    F. Cosmi1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 365-372, 2001, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2001.002.365
    Abstract The aim of this paper is to present a methodology for solving the plane elasticity problem using the Cell Method. It is shown that with the use of a parabolic interpolation in a vectorial problem, a convergence rate of 3.5 is obtained. Such a convergence rate compares with, or is even better than, the one obtained with FEM with the same interpolation – depending on the integration technique used by the FEM application. The accuracy of the solution is also comparable or better. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Lateral Plastic Collapse of Cylinders: Experiments and Modeling

    K. Nesnas1, A. Abdul-Latif2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 373-388, 2001, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2001.002.373
    Abstract Large plastic collapse of an identical pair of cylinders of various geometries having the same length and volume is studied under lateral compressive load. Superplastic material is employed as a representative material to simulate the classical engineering material behavior under high strain rate. The effects of the strain rate and the geometry of cylinders on the plastic collapse are taken into account. The experimental study is conducted using a structure in which one cylinder is superplastic and the other is steel (referred to as deformable and non-deformable situation "DND''). The actual structure (DND) and that one investigated experimentally by Abdul-Latif… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Nonlinear Analysis of Pin-Jointed Assemblies with Buckling and Unilateral Members

    K.Yu. Volokh1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 389-400, 2001, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2001.002.389
    Abstract A computational framework is described for modeling pin-jointed structures comprising unilateral cable members and slender struts. The deep postbuckling behavior of struts is considered by means of 'elastica' analytical approximation. Prestressing is allowed. The proposed approach is incorporated into equilibrium path following procedures and illustrated in numerical examples. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    SGBEM-FEM Alternating Method for Analyzing 3D Non-planar Cracks and Their Growth in Structural Components1

    G.P.Nikishkov2, J.H.Park3, S.N.Atluri2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 401-422, 2001, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2001.002.401
    Abstract An efficient and highly accurate, Symmetric Galerkin Boundary Element Method - Finite Element Method - based alternating method, for the analysis of three-dimensional non-planar cracks, and their growth, in structural components of complicated geometries, is proposed. The crack is modeled by the symmetric Galerkin boundary element method, as a distribution of displacement discontinuities, as if in an infinite medium. The finite element method is used to perform the stress analysis for the uncracked body only. The solution for the structural component, containing the crack, is obtained in an iteration procedure, which alternates between FEM solution for the uncracked body, and… More >

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