Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.36, No.3, 2008
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Probabilistic Collocation used in a Two-Step approach for \\efficient uncertainty quantification in computational fluid dynamics.

    G.J.A. Loeven1,2, H. Bijl3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 193-212, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.036.193
    Abstract In this paper a Two-Step approach is presented for uncertainty quantification for expensive problems with multiple uncertain parameters. Both steps are performed using the Probabilistic Collocation method. The first step consists of a sensitivity analysis to identify the most important parameters of the problem. The sensitivity derivatives are obtained using a first or second order Probabilistic Collocation approximation. For the most important parameters the probability distribution functions are propagated using the Probabilistic Collocation method using higher order approximations. The Two-Step approach is demonstrated for flow around a NACA0012 airfoil with eight uncertain parameters in the free stream conditions and geometry.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Methods to Automatically Build Point Distribution Models for Objects like Hand Palms and Faces Represented in Images

    Maria João M. Vasconcelos1, João Manuel R. S. Tavares1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 213-242, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.036.213
    Abstract In this work we developed methods to automatically extract significant points of objects like hand palms and faces represented in images that can be used to build Point Distribution Models automatically. These models are further used to segment the modelled objects in new images, through the use of Active Shape Models or Active Appearance Models. These models showed to be efficient in the segmentation of objects, but had as drawback the fact that the labelling of the landmark points was usually manually made and consequently time consuming. Thus, in this paper we describe some methods capable to extract significant points… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Parameter Free Cost Function for Multi-Point Low Speed Airfoil Design

    G. Veble1,2,3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 243-260, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.036.243
    Abstract A simple cost function is proposed that depends on the inviscid pressure distribution around an airfoil and that, when minimized, results in airfoils that promote laminar flow. Additional constraints specify the design point of the airfoil. The method allows for straightforward inclusion of multiple design points. The resulting airfoils are quantitatively similar to those already successfully used in practice. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Fictitious Time Integration Method for Solving the Discretized Inverse Sturm-Liouville Problems, For Specified Eigenvalues

    Chein-Shan Liu1, Satya N. Atluri2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 261-286, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.036.261
    Abstract The inverse Sturm-Liouville problem finds its applications in the identification of mechanical properties and/or geometrical configurations of a vibrating continuous medium; however, this problem is hard to solve, either theoretically or numerically. Previously, Liu (2008a) has constructed a Lie-group shooting method to determine the eigenvalues, and the corresponding eigenfunctions, for the direct Sturm-Liouville problem. In this study, we are concerned with solving the inverse Sturm-Liouville problem, by developing a Lie-group of SL(2,R) to construct nonlinear algebraic equations (NAEs), when discrete eigenvalues are specified. Our purpose here is to use these NAEs to solve the unknown function in the Sturm-Liouville operator.… More >

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