Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.52, No.3, 2009
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  • Open Access

    EDITORIAL

    Preface

    A.P.S. Selvadurai1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.3, 2009
    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hydro-Mechanical Modelling of a Natural Slope Affected by a Multiple Slip Surface Failure Mechanism

    A. Ferrari1, L. Laloui1,2, Ch. Bonnard1,3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.3, pp. 217-236, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.217
    Abstract A coupled hydro-mechanical formulation is presented for the analysis of landslide motion during crisis episodes. The mathematical formulation is used to model a natural slope affected by a multiple slip surface failure mechanism, in which pore water pressure evolution was identified as the main cause for movement accelerations. An elasto-plastic constitutive model is adopted for the behaviour of slip surfaces. Material parameters are obtained by combining the available laboratory tests and the back analysis of some crisis episodes. After being calibrated and validated, the model is applied to improve the understanding of the physical processes involved and to predict the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Approach to Uncertainty Analysis of Rockfall Simulation

    S. Turrin1, M. Hanss1, A.P.S. Selvadurai2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.3, pp. 237-258, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.237
    Abstract Despite the continuing advances in rockfall analysis, the mathematical modeling and simulation of rockfall phenomena continues to be significantly influenced by a large amount of aleatory and epistemic uncertainty on significant number of model parameters. This paper focuses on the representation and quantification of epistemic uncertainties in rockfall modeling and simulation by fuzzy numbers. The propagation of the epistemic uncertainties considered is then calculated by the transformation method as a practical implementation of fuzzy arithmetic. Epistemic uncertainties on the material properties, on the boulder geometry and dimensions, on the kinematics of the impact and on the contact response between boulder… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fragmentation of Ice Sheets during Impact

    A.P.S.Selvadurai1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.3, pp. 259-278, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.259
    Abstract The paper deals with a computational approach for modelling the fragmentation of ice sheets during their impact with stationary structures. The modelling takes into consideration the intact continuum behaviour of the ice as a rate-sensitive elastoplastic material. During impact, the ice sheet can undergo fragmentation, which is controlled by a brittle strength criterion based on the current stress state. The fragmentation allows the generation of discrete elements of the ice sheet, the movements of which are governed by the equations of motion. The contact between individual fragments is governed by a Coulomb criterion. The individual fragments can themselves undergo further… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Contact between a Tunnel Lining and a Damage-Susceptible Viscoplastic Medium

    Frederic L. Pellet1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.3, pp. 279-296, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.279
    Abstract In this study, the contact and interaction between a tunnel lining support and a damage-susceptible viscoplastic medium is investigated. First, back-analysis of the time-dependent behaviour of a drift excavated across a carboniferous rock mass which exhibited large delayed displacements was undertaken. Drift closure was simulated using an elasto-viscoplastic constitutive model that included the strength degradation process. This 3D numerical simulation was performed taking into account both stage construction sequence and rate of excavation advancement. A comparison of the numerical results with the data measured on site allowed for the calibration of the model parameters. Subsequently, the installation of a concrete… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Discrete Modelling of Capillary Mechanisms in Multi-Phase Granular Media

    L. Scholtès1, B. Chareyre2, F.Nicot3, F. Darve4
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.52, No.3, pp. 297-318, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.052.297
    Abstract A numerical study of multi-phase granular materials based upon micro-mechanical modelling is proposed. Discrete element simulations are used to investigate capillary induced effects on the friction properties of a granular assembly in the pendular regime. Capillary forces are described at the local scale through the Young-Laplace equation and are superimposed to the standard dry particle interaction usually well simulated through an elastic-plastic relationship. Both effects of the pressure difference between liquid and gas phases and of the surface tension at the interface are integrated into the interaction model. Hydraulic hysteresis is accounted for based on the possible mechanism of formation… More >

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