Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.5, No.2, 2004
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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mesoscale Modeling of Dynamic Fracture of Ceramic Materials

    Spandan Maiti1, Philippe H. Geubelle1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 91-102, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2004.005.091
    Abstract The dynamic propagation and branching of a mode I crack in polycrystalline brittle materials like ceramics are investigated numerically using a 2-D explicit grain-based cohesive/volumetric finite element scheme. The granular microstructure of the ceramics is taken into account and the crack is restricted to propagate along the grain boundaries. Special emphasis is placed on studying the effect of grain size and cohesive parameters on the crack branching instability. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Integrated Comprehensive Approach to the Modeling of Resin Transfer Molded Composite Manufactured Net-shaped Parts

    N. D. Ngo, K. K. Tamma
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 103-134, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2004.005.103
    Abstract In the process modeling and manufacturing of large geometrically complex structural net-shaped components comprising of fiber-reinforced composite materials by Resin Transfer Molding (RTM), a polymer resin is injected into a mold cavity filled with porous fibrous preforms. The overall success of the manufacturing process depends on the complete impregnation of the fiber preform by the polymer resin, prevention of polymer gelation during filling, and subsequent avoidance of dry spots. Since the RTM process involves the injection of a cold resin into a heated mold, the associated physics encompasses a moving boundary value problem in conjunction with the multi-disciplinary study of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Homogenization Analysis for Particulate Composite Materials using the Boundary Element Method

    Hiroshi Okada1, Yasuyoshi Fukui1, Noriyoshi Kumazawa1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 135-150, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2004.005.135
    Abstract A method to obtain the effective mechanical properties of particulate composite materials is presented in this paper. The methodology is based on the boundary element method (BEM) coupled with analytical solutions for ellipsoidal inclusions such as Eshelby's tensor. There is no numerical integration for the surfaces or the domains of distributed particles, and, therefore, proposed technique is very efficient. Homogenization analysis based on representative volume element (RVE) is carried out considering a unit cell containing many particles (up to 1000). By using a conventional BEM approach (i.e., multi-region BEM), it would be extremely difficult to analyze such a large RVE,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Adaptive Multi-Scale Computational Modeling of Composite Materials

    P. Raghavan1, S. Ghosh2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 151-170, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2004.005.151
    Abstract This paper presents an adaptive multi-level computational model that combines a conventional displacement based finite element model with a microstructural Voronoi cell finite element model for multi-scale analysis of composite structures with non-uniform microstructural heterogeneities as obtained from optical or scanning electron micrographs. Three levels of hierarchy, with different resolutions, are introduced in this model to overcome shortcomings posed by modeling and discretization errors. Among the three levels are: (a) level-0 of pure macroscopic analysis; (b) level-1 of macro-micro coupled modeling, used for signaling the switch over from macroscopic analyses to pure microscopic analyses; and (c) level-2 regions of pure… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    PMMC cluster analysis

    S. Yotte1, J. Riss, D. Breysse, S. Ghosh
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.5, No.2, pp. 171-188, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2004.005.171
    Abstract Particle distribution influences the particulate reinforced metal matrix composites (PMMC). The knowledge of particle distribution is essential for material design. The study of particle distribution relies on analysis of material images. In this paper three methods are used on an image of an Al/SiC composite. The first method consists in applying successive dilations to the image. At each step the number of objects and the total object area are determined. The decrease of the number of objects as a function of the area is an indicator of characteristic distances. The second method is based on dilations of one particle among… More >

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