Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.6, No.4, 2004
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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Comparative Investigation of Different Homogenization Methods for Prediction of the Macroscopic Properties of Composites

    Qing-Sheng Yang1,2, Wilfried Becker3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.6, No.4, pp. 319-332, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2004.006.319
    Abstract The present paper focuses on the comparative investigation of different homogenization methods for fiber composites, void solids and rigid inclusion media. The effective properties of multi-phase media are calculated by three methods, i.e. direct average method of stress and strain, direct average method of strain energy and two-scale expansion method. A comprehensive comparison, in principle and numerically, of these methods is emphasized. It is obvious that the two direct average methods are identical in principle and therefore they give the same numerical results. It is shown that the two-scale expansion method is the same as the direct average concept of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of Particulate Composite Materials Using an Element Overlay Technique

    H. Okada1, C. T. Liu2, T. Ninomiya1, Y. Fukui1, N. Kumazawa1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.6, No.4, pp. 333-348, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2004.006.333
    Abstract Formulations and applications of an element overlay technique for the mesoscopic analyses of composite structures are presented in this paper. As a zooming technique, the element overlay technique has been applied to various engineering problems. A finite element mesh having finer mesh discretization is superposed at the region to zoom the spatial resolution of analysis. Such a numerical technique is known as the s-version FEM (S-FEM). This paper aims at developing an S-FEM technique that is suited for the mesoscopic analysis of particulate composite materials. Local finite element models that contain the second phase material and its immediate vicinity are… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Meshless Local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) Formulation for Analysis of Thick Plates

    J. Sorić1, Q. Li2, T. Jarak1, S.N. Atluri2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.6, No.4, pp. 349-358, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2004.006.349
    Abstract An efficient meshless formulation based on the Local Petrov-Galerkin approach for the analysis of shear deformable thick plates is presented. Using the kinematics of a three-dimensional continuum, the local symmetric weak form of the equilibrium equations over the cylindrical shaped local sub-domain is derived. The linear test function in the plate thickness direction is assumed. Discretization in the in-plane directions is performed by means of the moving least squares approximation. The linear interpolation over the thickness is used for the in-plane displacements, while the hierarchical quadratic interpolation is adopted for the transversal displacement in order to avoid the thickness locking… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Integrated Green's Function Molecular Dynamics Method for Multiscale Modeling of Nanostructures: Application to Au Nanoisland in Cu1

    V.K. Tewary2, D.T. Read2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.6, No.4, pp. 359-372, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2004.006.359
    Abstract An integrated Green's function and molecular dynamics technique is developed for multiscale modeling of a nanostructure in a semi-infinite crystal lattice. The equilibrium configuration of the atoms inside and around the nanostructure is calculated by using molecular dynamics that accounts for nonlinear interatomic forces. The molecular dynamics is coupled with the lattice statics Green's function for a large crystallite containing a million or more atoms. This gives a fully atomistic description of a nanostructure in a large crystallite that includes the effect of nonlinear forces. The lattice statics Green's function is then related to the anisotropic continuum Green's function that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    PDE-Driven Level Sets, Shape Sensitivity and Curvature Flow for Structural Topology Optimization

    Michael Yu Wang1, Xiaoming Wang2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.6, No.4, pp. 373-396, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2004.006.373
    Abstract This paper addresses the problem of structural shape and topology optimization. A level set method is adopted as an alternative approach to the popular homogenization based methods. The paper focuses on four areas of discussion: (1) The level-set model of the structure’s shape is characterized as a region and global representation; the shape boundary is embedded in a higher-dimensional scalar function as its “iso-surface.” Changes of the shape and topology are governed by a partial differential equation (PDE). (2) The velocity vector of the Hamilton-Jacobi PDE is shown to be naturally related to the shape derivative from the classical shape… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of Wrinkling Behavior of Anisotropic Membrane

    K. Woo1, H. Igawa2, C.H. Jenkins3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.6, No.4, pp. 397-408, 2004, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2004.006.397
    Abstract This paper presents the development and evaluation of a wrinkling analysis procedure for anisotropic membranes. The procedure is based on a penalty-parameter modified material model and a non-linear root finding to simulate the uni-axial stress state. The procedure was implemented in the ABAQUS finite element code as a user subroutine, and then applied to annular and square membranes. The wrinkle problems were also solved by shell element post-buckling analysis and the results were compared. The effect of anisotropy and unsymmetric loading on the wrinkling behavior was investigated. More >

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