Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.75, No.2, 2011
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Moving Particle Simulation for Mitigation of Sloshing Impact Loads Using Surface Floaters

    B.-H. Lee1, J.-C. Park2, M.-H. Kim3, S.-C. Hwang2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 89-112, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2011.075.089
    Abstract The violent free-surface motions and the corresponding impact loads are numerically simulated by using the refined Moving Particle Simulation (MPS) method, which was originally proposed by Koshizuka and Oka (1996) for incompressible flows. In the present method, accuracy and efficiency are significantly improved compared to the original MPS method by using optimal source term, optimal gradient and collision models, and improved solid-boundary treatment and search of free-surface particles. The refined MPS method was verified through comparisons against Kishev et al.'s (2006) sloshing experiment. It is also demonstrated that the refined MPS method is excellent in mass conservation regardless of length… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Importance of Adequate Turbulence Modeling in Fluid Flows

    L.Q. Moreira1, F.P. Mariano2, A. Silveira-Neto1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 113-140, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2011.075.113
    Abstract Turbulence in fluid flow is one of the most challenging problems in classical physics. It is a very important research problem because of its numerous implications, such as industrial applications that involve processes using mixtures of components, heat transfer and lubrication and injection of fuel into the combustion chambers and propulsion systems of airplanes. Turbulence in flow presents characteristics that are fully nonlinear and that occur at high Reynolds numbers. Because of the nonlinear nature of turbulent flow, an increase in the Reynolds number implies an increase in the Kolmogorov wave numbers, and the flow spectrum becomes larger in both… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On the Multiple-Relaxation-Time Micro-Flow Lattice Boltzmann Method for Complex Flows

    Kazuhiko Suga1,2, Takahiko Ito1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 141-172, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2011.075.141
    Abstract The multiple-relaxation-time lattice Boltzmann method for micro-scale flows (MRT µ-flow LBM) is extensively evaluated in this study. Following the study of Chai, Shi, Guo and Lu (2010), the diffusive bounce-back wall boundary condition and the collision matrix are modeled. To determine the model parameters, the first-order, 1.5-order and second-order slip-flow models are discussed. Since the mean free path of gas molecules is considered to be influenced by the wall in micro flow systems, the effects of a correction function after Stops (1970) are also evaluated. As the increase of the Knudsen number (Kn), it is necessary to introduce the regularization… More >

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