Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.7, No.3, 2005
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Dynamical Approach to the Spatio-temporal Features of the Portevin-Le Chatelier Effect

    G.Ananthakrishna1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 233-240, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.007.233
    Abstract We show that the extended Ananthakrishna's model exhibits all the features of the Portevin - Le Chatelier effect including the three types of bands. The model reproduces the recently observed crossover from a low dimensional chaotic state at low and medium strain rates to a high dimensional power law state of stress drops at high strain rates. The dynamics of crossover is elucidated through a study of the Lyapunov spectrum. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Simulation of a 4th Order ODE: Illustration of Various Primal & Mixed MLPG Methods

    S. N. Atluri1, Shengping Shen1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 241-268, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.007.241
    Abstract Various MLPG methods, with the MLS approximation for the trial function, in the solution of a 4$^{th}$ order ordinary differential equation are illustrated. Both the primal MLPG methods and the mixed MLPG methods are used. All the possible local weak forms for a 4$^{th}$ order ordinary differential equation are presented. In the first kind of mixed MLPG methods, both the displacement and its second derivative are interpolated independently through the MLS interpolation scheme. In the second kind of mixed MLPG methods, the displacement, its first derivative, second derivative and third derivative are interpolated independently through the MLS interpolation scheme. The… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A multiscale approach for the micropolar continuum model

    Hiroshi Kadowaki1, Wing Kam Liu2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 269-282, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.007.269
    Abstract A method to derive governing equations and elastic-plastic constitutive relations for the micropolar continuum model is proposed. Averaging procedures are operated over a surrounding sub-domain for each material point to bridge a discrete microstructure to a macro continuum model. Material parameters are determined by these procedures. The size of the sub-domain represents the material intrinsic length scale, and it is passed into the macroscopic governing equation so that the numerical solution can be regularized for analyses of failure phenomena. An application to a simple granular material model is presented. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Eliminating Slivers in Three-Dimensional Finite Element Models

    R.H. Moore1, S. Saigal2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 283-292, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.007.283
    Abstract An efficient method for treating slivers and other poorly shaped elements in finite element solutions is presented. A major difficulty for finite element analyses arises from the creation of slivers in automated mesh generation. Sliver shaped elements can degrade the accuracy of a solution and are difficult to remove from a mesh. The proposed method treats slivers by first merging them with neighboring elements to form polyhedra and next subdividing the polyhedra into well-shaped tetrahedral elements. The method does not require the cumbersome and expensive operations of addition or rearrangement of nodes. The validity and accuracy of the present method… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Finite Element Analysis of Carbon Nanotubes with Stone-Wales Defects

    L. Nasdala1, G. Ernst1, M. Lengnick1, H. Rothert1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 293-304, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.007.293
    Abstract Like any other geometric structure or building, carbon nanotubes may break down due to either material failure or structural failure. In this paper, it is shown that the failure mechanism of carbon nanotubes not only depends on the type and direction of loading but also on the location and number of defects. For the finite element simulations we use a new 4-node finite element without rotational degrees of freedom based on the force field method. For the examples shown here, mainly a single-walled (10,10) armchair nanotube with different Stone-Wales defects, the material parameters are directly taken from the DREIDING force… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Silent Boundary Scheme with the Material Point Method for Dynamic Analyses

    Luming Shen1, Zhen Chen2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 305-320, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.007.305
    Abstract To simulate the dynamic responses involving different material phases in a finite computational domain without discretizing the whole problem domain, a silent boundary scheme is proposed within the framework of the material point method (MPM) that is an extension from Computational Fluid Dynamics to Computational Solid Dynamics. Because the MPM does not employ fixed mesh connectivity, a robust spatial discretization procedure in the moving domain of influence could be designed by applying viscous damping forces along the computational boundary. To establish a simple interface between the discretization procedures with and without fixed mesh connectivity, a boundary layer is introduced to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Two-Dimensional BEM Thermoelastic Analysis of Anisotropic Media with Concentrated Heat Sources

    Y.C. Shiah1, T.L. Guao1, C.L. Tan2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.7, No.3, pp. 321-338, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.007.321
    Abstract It is well known in elastic stress analysis using the boundary element method (BEM) that an additional volume integral appears in the basic form of the boundary integral equation if thermal effects are considered. In order to restore this general numerical tool as a truly boundary solution technique, it is perhaps most desirable to transform this volume integral exactly into boundary ones. For general 2D anisotropic thermo-elastostatics without heat sources, this was only achieved very recently. The presence of concentrated heat sources in the domain, however, leads to singularities at these points that pose additional difficulties in the volume-to-surface integral… More >

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