Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.81, No.1, 2011
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multidisciplinary Design Optimization of Long Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Wing

    S. Rajagopal1, Ranjan Ganguli2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.81, No.1, pp. 1-34, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2011.081.001
    Abstract The preliminary wing design of a low speed, long endurance UAV is formulated as a two step optimization problem. The first step performs a single objective aerodynamic optimization and the second step involves a coupled dual objective aerodynamic and structural optimization. During the first step, airfoil geometry is optimized to get maximum endurance parameter at a 2D level with maximum thickness to chord ratio and maximum camber as design variables. Leading edge curvature, trailing edge radius, zero lift drag coefficient and zero lift moment coefficient are taken as constraints. Once the airfoil geometry is finalized, the wing planform parameters are… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Adaptively Refined Hybrid FDM-RBF Meshless Scheme with Applications to Laminar and Turbulent Viscous Fluid Flows

    S. Gerace1, K. Erhart1, E. Divo1,2, A. Kassab1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.81, No.1, pp. 35-68, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2011.081.035
    Abstract The focus of this work is to demonstrate a novel approach to true CFD automation based on an adaptive Cartesian point distribution process coupled with a Meshless flow solution algorithm. As Meshless method solutions require only an underlying nodal distribution, this approach works well even for complex flow geometries with non-aligned domain boundaries. Through the addition of a so-called shadow layer of body-fitted nodes, application of boundary conditions is simplified considerably, eliminating the stair-casing issues of typical Cartesian-based techniques. This paper describes the approach taken to automatically generate the Meshless nodal distribution, along with the details of an automatic local… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Development of T-Trefftz Four-Node Quadrilateral and Voronoi Cell Finite Elements for Macro- & Micromechanical Modeling of Solids

    L. Dong1, S. N. Atluri2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.81, No.1, pp. 69-118, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2011.081.069
    Abstract In this paper, we explore three different ways of developing T-Trefftz finite elements of quadrilateral as well as polygonal shapes. In all of these three approaches, in addition to assuming an inter-element compatible displacement field along the element boundary, an interior displacement field for each element is independently assumed as a linear combination of T-Trefftz trial functions. In addition, a characteristic length is defined for each element to scale the T-Trefftz modes, in order to avoid solving systems of ill-conditioned equations. The differences between these three approaches are that, the compatibility between the independently assumed fields at the boundary and… More >

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