Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.83, No.1, 2012
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling Train Movement for Moving-Block Railway Network Using Cellular Automata

    Yonghua Zhou1, Chao Mi1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.83, No.1, pp. 1-22, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.083.001
    Abstract Cellular automata (CAs), model the dynamics of complex systems as the state update of cells restricted from their own neighbors. This paper regards the tempo-spatial constraints as dummy neighborhoods of cells for train movement, such as scheduled movement authority and speed restriction, equivalent to the maximum displacements during the future certain time steps and each time step, respectively. Under the framework of CA modeling, this paper attempts to propose an improved CA model for moving-block railway network which incorporates the tempo-spatial constraints to capture the restrictive, synergistic and autonomous dynamics. We divide the one-dimensional cell lattice into several segments, called… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    New Optimization Algorithms for Structural Reliability Analysis

    S.R. Santos1, L.C. Matioli2, A.T. Beck3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.83, No.1, pp. 23-56, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.083.023
    Abstract Solution of structural reliability problems by the First Order method require optimization algorithms to find the smallest distance between a limit state function and the origin of standard Gaussian space. The Hassofer-Lind-Rackwitz-Fiessler (HLRF) algorithm, developed specifically for this purpose, has been shown to be efficient but not robust, as it fails to converge for a significant number of problems. On the other hand, recent developments in general (augmented Lagrangian) optimization techniques have not been tested in aplication to structural reliability problems. In the present article, three new optimization algorithms for structural reliability analysis are presented. One algorithm is based on… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fluid Flow Simulation Using Particle Method and Its Physics-based Computer Graphics

    Kazuhiko Kakuda1, Shunsuke Obara1, Jun Toyotani1, Mitsuhiko Meguro1, Masakazu Furuichi1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.83, No.1, pp. 57-72, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.083.057
    Abstract The application of a particle method to incompressible viscous fluid flow problem and its physics-based computer graphics are presented. The method is based on the MPS (Moving Particle Semi-implicit) scheme using logarithmic weighting function to stabilize the spurious oscillatory solutions for the pressure fields which are governed by Poisson equation. The physics-based computer graphics consist of the POV-Ray (Persistence of Vision Raytracer) rendering using marching cubes algorithm as polygonization. The standard MPS scheme is widely utilized as a particle strategy for the free surface flow, the problem of moving boundary, multi-physics/multi-scale ones, and so forth. Numerical results demonstrate the workability… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Physically Meaningful Level Set Method for Topology Optimization of Structures

    Zhen Luo1,2, Nong Zhang1,3, Yu Wang1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.83, No.1, pp. 73-96, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.083.073
    Abstract This paper aims to present a physically meaningful level set method for shape and topology optimization of structures. Compared to the conventional level set method which represents the design boundary as the zero level set, in this study the boundary is embedded into non-zero constant level sets of the level set function, to implicitly implement shape fidelity and topology changes in time via the propagation of the discrete level set function. A point-wise nodal density field, non-negative and value-bounded, is used to parameterize the level set function via the compactly supported radial basis functions (CSRBFs) at a uniformly defined set… More >

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