Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.8, No.2, 2005
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Time-Resolved Penetration of B4C Tiles by the APM2 Bullet

    Charles E. Anderson, Jr.1, Matthew S. Burkins2, James D. Walker1, William A. Gooch2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.8, No.2, pp. 91-104, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.008.091
    Abstract A modification of Wilkins computational ceramics model is used to simulate experiments of the impact of the APM2 bullet against boron carbide/aluminum targets. Flash radiography provides time-resolved penetration histories. The simulation results are compared to the experimental data; generally, agreement is very good, including capturing dwell and then the onset of penetration. Crater width and debris diameter are also reproduced by the simulations reasonably well. A critical discussion of deficiencies of this computational engineering model is provided. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Acoustic Scattering from Complex Shaped Three Dimensional Structures

    B. Chrasekhar1, S. M. Rao2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.8, No.2, pp. 105-118, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.008.105
    Abstract In this work, a simple, robust, and an efficient numerical algorithm to calculate the scattered acoustic fields from complex shaped objects such as aircrafts and missiles, subjected to a plane wave incidence is presented. The work is based on the recently proposed method of moments (MoM) and the potential theory, unlike the standard Helmholtz integral equation (HIE) solution method. For the numerical solution, the scattering structure is approximated by planar triangular patches. For the MoM solution of complex bodies involving open/closed/intersecting surfaces, a unified set of basis functions to approximate the source distribution is defined. These basis functions along with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Computational Modelling of Isotropic Multiplicative Growth

    G. Himpel, E. Kuhl, A. Menzel, P. Steinmann1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.8, No.2, pp. 119-134, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.008.119
    Abstract The changing mass of biomaterials can either be modelled at the constitutive level or at the kinematic level. This contribution attends on the description of growth at the kinematic level. The deformation gradient will be multiplicatively split into a growth part and an elastic part. Hence, in addition to the material and the spatial configuration, we consider an intermediate configuration or grown configuration without any elastic deformations. With such an ansatz at hand, contrary to the modelling of mass changes at the constitutive level, both a change in density and a change in volume can be modelled. The algorithmic realisation… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multiscale Simulations Using Generalized Interpolation Material Point (GIMP) Method And SAMRAI Parallel Processing

    J. Ma1, H. Lu1, B. Wang1, S. Roy1, R. Hornung2, A. Wissink2, R. Komanduri1,3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.8, No.2, pp. 135-152, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.008.135
    Abstract In the simulation of a wide range of mechanics problems including impact/contact/penetration and fracture, the material point method (MPM), Sulsky, Zhou and Shreyer (1995), demonstrated its computational capabilities. To resolve alternating stress sign and instability problems associated with conventional MPM, Bardenhagen and Kober (2004) introduced recently the generalized interpolation material point (GIMP) method and implemented for one-dimensional simulations. In this paper we have extended GIMP to 2D and applied to simulate simple tension and indentation problems. For simulations spanning multiple length scales, based on the continuum mechanics approach, we present a parallel GIMP computational method using the Structured Adaptive Mesh… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Efficient Time-Domain BEM/FEM Coupling for Acoustic-Elastodynamic Interaction Problems

    D. Soares Jr.1, W.J. Mansur1,2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.8, No.2, pp. 153-164, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.008.153
    Abstract A coupling procedure is described to perform time-domain numerical analyses of dynamic fluid-structure interaction. The fluid sub-domains, where acoustic waves propagate, are modeled by the Boundary Element Method (BEM), which is quite suitable to deal with linear homogeneous unbounded domain problems. The Finite Element Method (FEM), on the other hand, models the structure sub-domains, adopting a time marching scheme based on implicit Green's functions. The BEM/FEM coupling algorithm here developed is very efficient, eliminating the drawbacks of standard and iterative coupling procedures. Stability and accuracy features are improved by the adoption of different time steps in each sub-domain of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dynamic Simulation of Long Flexible Fibers in Shear Flow

    Wenzhong Tang1, Suresh G. Advani1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.8, No.2, pp. 165-176, 2005, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2005.008.165
    Abstract An optimization method is proposed to simulate the motion of long flexible fibers in shear flow. The fiber is modeled as spheres connected by massless rigid rods and ball-socket joints. The optimization method is mathematically justified and used to obtain the position of a fiber at the next time step from its current position. Results for a single fiber in simple shear flow agree well with those reported in the literature. The usefulness of the method is demonstrated by simulating the motion of two interactive fibers subjected to shear flow field, and by studying the viscosity of dilute suspensions of… More >

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